Science Journal of Public Health

Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016

  • Total Quality Management [TQM] in the Healthcare Industry – Challenges, Barriers and Implementation Developing a Framework for TQM Implementation in a Healthcare Setup

    M. Balasubramanian

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016
    Pages: 271-278
    Received: Jun. 01, 2016
    Accepted:
    Published: Jun. 02, 2016
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    Abstract: Quality management has become an important issue in healthcare organizations (hospitals) during the last couple of decades. The increased attention to quality is due to governmental regulations, influence of customers, and hospital management initiatives. Apparently, there are many difficulties in managing healthcare organizations in a competitive ... Show More
  • Effects of High Prevalence Anisakis in Fish Caught in the White Coast Médano, Falcon State, Venezuela on the Consuming Population

    Héctor Bracho Espinoza

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016
    Pages: 279-283
    Received: Apr. 27, 2016
    Accepted: May 07, 2016
    Published: Jun. 06, 2016
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    Abstract: In order to evaluate the effect of the high prevalence of parasites Anisakidae family, in fish caught in the fishing area Médano white, Falcon State, Venezuela; consumed by families of fishermen and villagers expended sector Pantano Abajo, municipality Miranda, Falcon state. The participatory diagnosis was made in the fishing area, in the consumer ... Show More
  • Attitudes of Primary Health Care (PHC) Gatekeepers Towards Patient Referral Policy, Machakos County, Kenya

    Desire Aime Nshimirimana, Wanja Mwaura-Tenambergen, Donald Kokonya, Maureen Adoyo

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016
    Pages: 284-288
    Received: May 16, 2016
    Accepted: May 28, 2016
    Published: Jun. 13, 2016
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    Abstract: Primary Health Care (PHC) serves as the foundation for building a working healthcare system that provide good health outcomes. The quality of PHC delivery and the decision to refer patients depends on some behavioural factors (knowledge, skills and behaviour) of primary care providers. The study was conducted at 100 PHC centres sampled using Taro Y... Show More
  • Challenges of Cervical Cancer Screening Among Women of Reproductive Age in Kisii Town, Kisii County, Kenya

    Robert M. Kei, Julius K. M’Ndegwa, Taratisio Ndwiga, Faith Masika

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016
    Pages: 289-296
    Received: May 17, 2016
    Accepted: Jun. 03, 2016
    Published: Jun. 17, 2016
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    Abstract: Introduction: Cervical cancer is a preventable non communicable disease of public health importance. It is the most common genital cancer and one of the leading causes of death among female population. Cervical cancer is a prevalent yet preventable cause of death among Kenyan women. The main objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, prac... Show More
  • Sanitation Practice of Slum Communities in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

    Abdissa Aga, Walelegn Worku

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016
    Pages: 297-304
    Received: May 16, 2016
    Accepted: Jun. 06, 2016
    Published: Jun. 23, 2016
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    Abstract: Globally, an estimated 2.5 billion people lack access to improved sanitation which is more than 35% of the world’s population and about 1billion people, 15% of the world population do not have access to any kind of sanitation facility and exercise open defecation. A total of 16% of population living in urban Ethiopia do not have access to any kind ... Show More
  • Expectations About Counseling for a Mental Illness Among Primary School Teacher Trainees in Kenya

    Eunice Jemalel Nyavanga, Maurice Barasa

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016
    Pages: 305-311
    Received: May 31, 2016
    Accepted: Jun. 12, 2016
    Published: Jun. 23, 2016
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    Abstract: The objective of this study is to determine and document expectations about counseling for a mental illness among public primary teacher trainees in Kenya. Self-administered demographic questionnaire and opinions about mental illness scale brief form (EAC-BF) were presented to the participants. The EAC-BF consisted of three factors of personal comm... Show More
  • Co-operation, a Solution to Health Service Provision Problems in Tanzania: Case of the Co-operated Health Care Facilities in Dodoma Region

    Mshana Zainabu M., Sinda Hussein S., Lung’wecha Daudi M.

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016
    Pages: 312-320
    Received: Jun. 03, 2016
    Accepted: Jun. 18, 2016
    Published: Jun. 29, 2016
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    Abstract: The co-operation between Government (GVT) and Faith-Based Organizations (FBOs) in health services provision (HSP) is vital in Tanzania. However, to benefit from such co-operation it requires adoption of the procedures that will overcome the persisting problems of health services provision. The study on the evaluationof the solution to health servic... Show More
  • Evaluation of the Relationship Between Socio-economic Environment and Oro-dental Health of Children in Diourbel Health District in Senegal

    Faye Daouda, Kanoute Aida, Lo Cheikh Mbacke

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016
    Pages: 321-325
    Received: Jun. 09, 2016
    Accepted: Jun. 18, 2016
    Published: Jun. 29, 2016
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    Abstract: The objective of this paper was to evaluate the socio economic environment influence on oral health of children in the sanitary district of Diourbel to formulate recommendations for its improvement by conducting a descriptive cross-section study. Data were registered and analyzed using Epi Info 6.04 d release. A logistic regression analysis was use... Show More
  • A Critical Look at 2015 Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP) Surveillance Core Indicators of Bauchi State, Nigeria

    Jalal-Eddeen Abubakar Saleh, Rui Gama Vaz, Fiona Braka, Khaled Abdelrahim, Adamu Ibrahim Ningi

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016
    Pages: 326-329
    Received: May 08, 2016
    Accepted: May 17, 2016
    Published: Jul. 04, 2016
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    Abstract: Background: Poliomyelitis, a disease that predominantly affects children under the age of five years, is a highly infectious viral disease transmitted through the faeco-oral route. The disease could result in irreversible paralysis in 1:200 infections and has a case fatality rate of 5-10% especially when the respiratory muscles become immobilized. ... Show More
  • Determinants of Risky Sexual Behaviour Among Preparatory School Students in Gurage Zone, SNNPR, Ethiopia (A Cross-Sectional School Based Study)

    Tadesse Gossaye Birru, Mitikie Molla, Yemane Berhane, Amenu Wesen, Tesfaye Chuko

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016
    Pages: 330-341
    Received: May 21, 2016
    Accepted: Jun. 08, 2016
    Published: Jul. 04, 2016
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    Abstract: Background: There is growing evidence suggesting that young people in school are practicing risky sexual behavior. Ethiopian young people age 10 – 24 years have emerged as the segments of the population most vulnerable to a broad spectrum of serious sexual health problems including STI/HIV, unwanted pregnancy and unsafe abortion. Objectives: To ide... Show More
  • Factors Behind Low NPENT Rate in Bauchi State in 2015

    Jalal-Eddeen Abubakar Saleh, Rui Gama Vaz, Fiona Braka, Khaled Abdelrahim, Adamu Ibrahim Ningi, Isa Mohammed Bello

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016
    Pages: 342-345
    Received: Jun. 05, 2016
    Accepted: Jun. 13, 2016
    Published: Jul. 04, 2016
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    Abstract: The need for a country or region to achieve certification as polio-free requires spending at least 3 consecutive years without a reported case of polio. Meeting the acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) core surveillance indicators forms an important requirement during the stipulated period towards achieving certification. In addition to meeting the AFP co... Show More
  • Coverage of Iodized Salt and Associated Factors at Household Level in Goba Town, Bale Zone, South East Ethiopia, 2015

    Abdurrahman Kalu Tololu, Fentie Ambaw Getahun, Dereje Birhanu Abitew

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016
    Pages: 346-351
    Received: Sep. 28, 2015
    Accepted: Oct. 27, 2015
    Published: Jul. 11, 2016
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    Abstract: Background: Iodine Deficiency Disorder is one of the biggest worldwide public health problems of today. Fortification of salt with iodine is recognized as the most simple and cost effective strategy to achieve recommended daily intake of iodine. Hence this study wanted to assess coverage of adequately iodized salt & associated factors at household ... Show More
  • FAST Strategy - A Sustainable Administrative TB Infection Control Measure in Nigeria: Reducing Time to TB Diagnosis and Enrolment to Treatment

    Useni Sani, Gidado Mustapha, Onazi Jumoke, Eneogu Rupert, Chukwueme Nkemdilim, Ubochioma Emperor, Akang Gabriel, Obot Valerie, Omoniyi Amos

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016
    Pages: 352-358
    Received: Mar. 01, 2016
    Accepted: Mar. 18, 2016
    Published: Jul. 28, 2016
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    Abstract: FAST stands for Finding, Actively, Separating, and Treating. FAST focus health care workers on the most important administrative Tuberculosis (TB) transmission control intervention: effective TB treatment reduces TB spread rapidly, even before sputum smear and culture turn negative. General outpatient department (GOPD) and inpatient clinics in most... Show More
  • Isolation, Identification and Determination of the Prevalence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex among People Living with HIV in Kisumu County, Kenya

    Maryanne Betsy Usagi, Gilbert Abura Odilla, John Muthini Maingi, Anthony Kebira

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 4, July 2016
    Pages: 359-365
    Received: Jun. 15, 2016
    Accepted: Jul. 12, 2016
    Published: Jul. 28, 2016
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    Abstract: Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex are important pathogens to man and causative agents of tuberculosis. Tuberculosis is one of the diseases that continue to be a public health concern in the world. Earlier, tuberculosis was considered controlled, but with emergence of HIV and AIDS, the disease has been exacerbated, with the highest incidences being... Show More