English Language, Literature & Culture

Volume 1, Issue 4, November 2016

  • Eyeballs, Circles and Rotations: Use of Scientific Metaphors in Emerson’s Nature and The Over-Soul

    Saurabh Ranjan Baral

    Issue: Volume 1, Issue 4, November 2016
    Pages: 40-48
    Received: 31 August 2016
    Accepted: 16 November 2016
    Published: 17 December 2016
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ellc.20160104.11
    Abstract: The centrality of science to Ralph Waldo Emerson’s inherently transcendental way of comprehending the universal macrocosm and microcosm is evident. Transcendental essays of his abound in scientific metaphors, which still remain un-revisited in terms of their functions. This paper ventures examining them from the cognitive perspectives of the latest... Show More
  • Proposition: The “Quexclamation Mark” (QM) --- A Long-Needed Addition to Emphatic Interrogative/Rhetorical Grammar and Punctuation

    Jack R. Edelman

    Issue: Volume 1, Issue 4, November 2016
    Pages: 49-52
    Received: 25 September 2016
    Accepted: 29 November 2016
    Published: 4 January 2017
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ellc.20160104.12
    Abstract: Typical questions, as sentences, are punctuated by the use of a question mark (?) at the end of the sentence. This informs the reader that the sentence is of an interrogative nature, and the, in spoken language, it requires a higher pitch than the ordinary statement type of sentence, which the writer intended, as a true question. Sometimes statemen... Show More
  • Mo Yan and Chinese Pastoral Literature

    Eyup Saritas

    Issue: Volume 1, Issue 4, November 2016
    Pages: 53-57
    Received: 1 September 2016
    Accepted: 3 November 2016
    Published: 5 January 2017
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ellc.20160104.13
    Abstract: Novel laureate in literature since 2012, the prominent Chinese novelist Mo Yan was born and raised in a village in the province of Shandong. His works are often themed on rural life. Contrary to the case in Turkey, researches on rural life in China have advanced on a continuous basis since the 20s of the 20th century in China. This can be explained... Show More