International Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology

Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2019

  • Assessment of the Effect of Light, HgCl2 and Organic Compound on Enterococcus faecalis and Escherichia coli Cells Survive in Aquatic Microcosm

    Pierrette Ngo Bahebeck, Claire Stephane Metsopkeng, Joelle Signe MBiada, Chrétien Lontsi Djimeli, Antoine Tamsa Arfao, Paul Alain Nana, Olive Vivien Noah Ewoti, Luciane Marlyse Moungang, Genevieve Bricheux, Télesphore Sime-Ngando, Moïse Nola

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2019
    Pages: 55-63
    Received: 22 May 2019
    Accepted: 28 June 2019
    Published: 24 July 2019
    Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the cultivability of E. faecalis and enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) under different light intensities in the presence of different concentrations of mercury chloride (HgCl2) and biodegradable organic compound (BOC). Studied light intensities were 0, 500, 1000, 1500 and 2000 lux while studied HgCl2 concentrati... Show More
  • Prevalence and Antimicrobial Resistance of Salmonella enterica Isolated from Chicken and Guinea Fowl in Burkina Faso

    Soutongnooma Caroline Bouda, Assèta Kagambèga, Laetitia Bonifait, Françoise Le Gall, Hadiza Bawa Ibrahim, Evariste Bako, Toudwensida Serge Bagre, Cheickna Zongo, Aïssata Wereme N’diaye, Sababenejo Alfred Traore, Marianne Chemaly, Gilles Salvat, Nicolas Barro

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2019
    Pages: 64-71
    Received: 8 June 2019
    Accepted: 12 July 2019
    Published: 31 July 2019
    Abstract: Consumption of contaminated poultry and poultry products by Salmonella is a public health problem worldwide. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence, serotypes and antibiotic susceptibility of Salmonella isolated from slaughtered poultry. A total of 563 intestine samples from slaughtered chickens (n= 283) and guinea fowl (n=280) were ... Show More
  • In Vitro Antimicrobial Characterization of Lactobacillus Isolates Towards Their Use as Probiotic Alternatives to Antibiotic Growth Promoters

    Raoul Emeric Guetiya Wadoum, Fonteh Anyangwe Florence, Kaktcham Pierre Marie, Ulrich Landry Bemmo Kamdem, Chancel Hector Momo Kenfack, Foko Kouam Edith-Marius, Nathalie Nzekwa, Evina Horpa, Vittorio Colizzi, François Zambou Ngoufack

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2019
    Pages: 72-86
    Received: 16 June 2019
    Accepted: 16 July 2019
    Published: 5 August 2019
    Abstract: In the present study, the probiotic potential of Lactobacillus isolates selected from fecal samples of farmyard chickens and ducks was scientifically validated for their use as alternatives to antibiotics in poultry. A total of 129 Lactobacillus isolates were characterized of which four produced inhibitory substances with antimicrobial activities. ... Show More
  • Isolation of Pseudomonas with the Ability to Solublize Phosphate from Inorganic and Organic Phosphate Sources

    Lamenew Fenta, Fassil Assefa

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2019
    Pages: 87-93
    Received: 2 July 2019
    Accepted: 26 July 2019
    Published: 5 September 2019
    Abstract: A total of eleven phosphate solubilizing bacteria were isolated from rhizosphere soil of tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) plants. Isolates designated as PSB1, PSB2, PSB4, PSB5 and PSB7 were selected out of eleven isolates based on their clear zone diameters. They were characterized to generic level and found to belong to Pseudomonas spp. Tricalcium ph... Show More
  • Antibiotic Resistance Pattern of Escherichia coli Isolated from Diarrhoeic and Non-diarrhoeic Under Five Children in Kano, Nigeria

    Nasir Tukur Dabo, Bashir Muhammad, Habeeb Kayode Saka, Zaharaddin Muhammad Kalgo, Rasaki Adewole Raheem

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2019
    Pages: 94-102
    Received: 21 May 2019
    Accepted: 25 June 2019
    Published: 10 September 2019
    Abstract: Antibiotic resistance in bacterial pathogens is a global health challenge linked to high morbidity and mortality. This study was carried out among under-five children attending three major hospitals in Kano State namely: Murtala Muhammad Specialists Hospital (MMSH), Wudil General Hospital (WGH) and Bichi General Hospital (BGH), representing the thr... Show More
  • Diversity and Distribution of Salmonella Isolated from Poultry Offal in Niger (West Africa)

    Alio Sanda Abdelkader, Samna Soumana Oumarou, Inoussa Maman Maârouhi, Soumana Abdou Boubacar, Moussa Hassane Ousseini, Bakasso Yacoubou

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2019
    Pages: 103-112
    Received: 11 July 2019
    Accepted: 30 August 2019
    Published: 18 September 2019
    Abstract: Objective: The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and phenotype diversity of Salmonella isolated from poultry offal in Niger. Methodology and Results: A total of 155 poultries offal consisting of gizzard, liver and spleen were analyzed according to ISO 6579: 2002. Based on these different analyzes, high prevalence of Salmonella from 2... Show More