American Journal of Chemical Engineering

Special Issue

Developments in Petroleum Refining and Petrochemical Sector of the Oil and Gas Industry

  • Submission Deadline: Feb. 20, 2015
  • Status: Submission Closed
  • Lead Guest Editor: Koyejo Oduola
About This Special Issue
Many natural resource-rich countries are diversifying and transforming their economies using the hydrocarbon value chain for wealth creation. This has resulted in an increased interest in the downstream oil and gas sectors, especially the gas, petroleum refining, petrochemical and fertilizer industries, which provide the catalyst that ensures the country’s growth and sustainable development through diversifying the revenue stream and growth in other sectors rather than continuing to depend on costly importation and the resultant drain on foreign exchange earnings.

There are indeed many opportunities for developing countries to harness and maximise the oil and gas value chain, and these opportunities will significantly improve the revenue streams from the downstream sector as well as have multiplier effect on the nation’s economy. For tremendous success in employment generation and wealth creation to be made, more needs to be done in enhancing the enormous opportunities that abound in the oil and gas sector. Likewise, the absence of strong entrepreneurial activities in any Nation makes the country to be perpetually import-dependent with the resultant adverse economic and security consequences.

Potential topics include, but are not limited to:

1. Need To Develop “Non-Fuel” Downstream Petroleum Sector
2. Opportunities and Challenges for Entrepreneurs on Sustainable Refinery and Petrochemical Products
3. Economic Growth on the Back of the Petrochemical Sector
4. Employment Opportunities Through Our Gas, Petroleum Refining, Petrochemicals And Fertilizer Industries
5. Opportunities And Challenges For Entrepreneurs On Sustainable Gas, Petroleum Refining, Petrochemicals And Fertilizer Products
6. Economic Growth On The Back Of Gas, Petroleum Refining, Petrochemicals And Fertilizer Industrial Sectors
Lead Guest Editor
  • Koyejo Oduola

    Department of Chemical Engineering, University of Port Harcourt, Karachi, Nigeria

Guest Editors
  • Ajee Mamman

    Firmlink International Ltd, Aberdeen, United Kingdom

Published Articles
  • Comparative Economic Investigation Options for Liquefied Petroleum Gas Production from Natural Gas Liquids

    A. B. Raheem , A. Hassan , S. A. Samsudin , Z. Z. Noor , A. Adebobajo

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 2-1, March 2015
    Pages: 55-69
    Received: Feb. 22, 2015
    Accepted: Mar. 18, 2015
    Published: Jun. 30, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajche.s.2015030201.17
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    Abstract: There is new trend in the value of oil and gas in the world, with the value of Liquefied Petroleum Gas (LPG) soaring higher. It is due to its uses as a potential fuel in the several parts of the world, its demand in the petrochemical industries for plastics and automotive composites productions, and other uses. These results in steadily increases i... Show More
  • Hydrogen Pinch Analysis of a Petroleum Refinery as an Energy Management Strategy

    M. K. Oduola , T. B. Oguntola

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 2-1, March 2015
    Pages: 47-54
    Received: Jan. 11, 2015
    Accepted:
    Published: May 09, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajche.s.2015030201.16
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    Abstract: The glaring need for energy management in a petroleum refining industry is as a result of significant refinery energy costs, typically 40-50% of operating costs. Consequently, energy auditing is frequently carried out to identify energy management opportunities for higher profitability. Hydrogen management in a refining plant by means of the hydrog... Show More
  • Simulation of Loading Capacity of MDEA and DEA for Amine-Based CO2 Removal Using Hysys

    I. J. Otaraku , F. O. Esemuze

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 2-1, March 2015
    Pages: 41-46
    Received: Feb. 22, 2015
    Accepted: Mar. 17, 2015
    Published: May 09, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajche.s.2015030201.15
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    Abstract: Besides meeting international stringent LNG product specification, this work will address the problem of off-spec product, high operational cost of acid gas (CO2) removal and pollution-free product, which is currently a huge global challenge. This work studied other ways by which amine unit can best be optimized to produce LNG gas with low CO2-cont... Show More
  • Technical Analysis of the Natural Gas to Hydrocarbon Liquid Process

    I. J. Otaraku , O. A. Vincent

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 2-1, March 2015
    Pages: 25-40
    Received: Feb. 20, 2015
    Accepted: Mar. 24, 2015
    Published: May 09, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajche.s.2015030201.14
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    Abstract: The technical analysis carried out in this paper is aimed at dealing with element incorporation, structure generation and optimization of the gas-to-liquid (GTL) process. The GTL model developed did not include the desulphurization unit as well as the product upgrading unit. A detailed description of the sequential steps for analyzing the process i... Show More
  • Aligning the Nigerian Petrochemical Industry to Oil and Gas Industry Needs

    Ajee Mamman

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 2-1, March 2015
    Pages: 18-24
    Received: Jan. 13, 2015
    Accepted: Jan. 17, 2015
    Published: May 09, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajche.s.2015030201.13
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    Abstract: Nigeria is Africa’s largest producer of crude oil and the sixth largest exporter of oil within the OPEC bloc. However, virtually all chemical and petrochemical products used in the Nigerian oil and gas industry are currently imported. There is therefore the need for the Nigerian petrochemical industry to reposition itself to take advantage of these... Show More
  • Development of Model Equations for Predicting Gasoline Blending Properties

    M. K. Oduola , A. I. Iyaomolere

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 2-1, March 2015
    Pages: 9-17
    Received: Jan. 07, 2015
    Accepted: Jan. 08, 2015
    Published: Jan. 19, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajche.s.2015030201.12
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    Abstract: Gasoline blending is of pertinent importance in refinery operations owing to the fact that gasoline gives about 60 - 70 % of the refinery profit. The blending process is essential to obtain gasoline in the demanded quantities and ensure property specifications are met. Two model equations, multivariable nonlinear and multivariable exponential are p... Show More
  • Effect of Starch on the Mechanical and Rheological Properties of Polypropylene

    M. K. Oduola , P. O. Akpeji

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 2-1, March 2015
    Pages: 1-8
    Received: Dec. 31, 2014
    Accepted: Jan. 08, 2015
    Published: Jan. 14, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajche.s.2015030201.11
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    Abstract: Blends of starch (tapioca) and polypropylene were prepared in various wt/wt concentrations ranging from 100% polypropylene resins to 5:95, 10:90, 20:80, 30:70, 40:60, and 50:50 wt% starch to wt% polypropylene blends. Then the rheological and mechanical properties of the resulting blends were determined using Plastometer and Universal Testing Machin... Show More