American Journal of Laboratory Medicine

Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2020

  • Influence of Climatic Factors on Aggression and Infectivity of Anopheles in the Districts the Indoor Residual Spray (IRS) in Northern Benin, West Africa

    André Sominahouin, Germain Gil Padonou, Rodrigue Landéhou, Albert Sourou Salako, Hermann Sagbohan, Idelphonse Ahogni, Sylvain Lokonon, Razaki Osse, Arsène Fassinou, Bénoît Assogba, Fiacre Agossa, Fortuné Dagnon, Christophe Houssou, Martin Akogbéto

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2020
    Pages: 1-13
    Received: 28 November 2019
    Accepted: 18 December 2019
    Published: 6 January 2020
    Abstract: Background: Climate variability influence the diversity and abundance of malaria vectors and thereby on malaria transmission dynamics. Examine its effect on Anopheles parameters involved in transmission may predict the potential malaria hotspot as a right target for its control intervention strategies. Here, we investigated the influence of meteoro... Show More
  • GeneXpert's Performance in the Diagnosis of Pulmonary and Extrapulmonary Tuberculosis

    Mouhib Hanane, Zahir Hanane, Arsalane Lamiae, Kamouni Youssef, Miloudi Mouhcine, Zouhair Said

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2020
    Pages: 14-17
    Received: 13 November 2019
    Accepted: 4 December 2019
    Published: 7 January 2020
    Abstract: The diagnosis of tuberculosis is based on the isolation of acid-fast bacilli (AFB) on direct examination or on the culture isolation of mycobacteria tuberculosis complex (MCT). Currently, the introduction of molecular biology, essentially the Xpert / MTB / Rif or GeneXpertR test has increased the sensitivity and speed of diagnosis. The objective of... Show More
  • Diagnostic Value of Serum Biomarker Human Epididymis Protein4 in Ovarian Cancers

    Rimaz Elhag Gurashi, Moawia Elsadig Hummeida, Faisal Galal Abdelaziz

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2020
    Pages: 18-27
    Received: 6 October 2019
    Accepted: 27 December 2019
    Published: 17 January 2020
    Abstract: Ovarian cancer is the fifth most common cancer affecting women today. In fact, ovarian cancer is responsible for more deaths than any other type of female reproductive cancer. According to the American Cancer Society, 20,000 women are diagnosed with ovarian cancer each year. Since diagnosis early on is associated with improved rates of survival, an... Show More
  • Macrophagic Activation Syndrome (MAS) Revealing Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    Sana Aourarh, Fatima Zahra Lazrak, Saida Eddyb, Adil Jahdaoui, Sanae Sayagh, Mustapha Ait Ameur, Mohamed Chakour

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2020
    Pages: 28-31
    Received: 26 December 2019
    Accepted: 15 January 2020
    Published: 10 February 2020
    Abstract: Introduction: Macrophagic activation syndrome (SAM) or hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis is an anatomoclinical entity resulting from an inappropriate proliferation and activation of macrophagic cells. This rare but serious syndrome can be primary or secondary to certain pathologies dominated by infections and neoplasias. More rarely, it is seconda... Show More
  • Leucocyte Differential Count and Pregnancy Induced Hypertension: Implication for Risk and Disease Assessment

    Nafiu Amidu, Benedict Boateng Antuamwine, Martin Awe Akilla, William Kwame Boakye Ansah Owiredu, Otchere Addai-Mensah, Peter Paul Dapare, Eric Mishio Bawa

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2020
    Pages: 32-41
    Received: 8 January 2020
    Accepted: 31 January 2020
    Published: 14 February 2020
    Abstract: PIH accounts significantly for maternal and perinatal mortality, especially in rural communities. The sudden onset of PIH and the lack of definitive case management is worrisome. The study analysed differential leucocytes count on PIH outcomes. This is a case-control study of 40 PIH (8 GH, 16 PE and 16 EC) and 60 normotensive women who visited the ... Show More
  • Simultaneous Detection of 2019 Novel Coronavirus and Influenza Virus by Double Fluorescent RT-PCR

    Shasha Zhang, Xiaoli Sun, Wei Guo, Jianfeng Xu

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 1, January 2020
    Pages: 42-46
    Received: 6 March 2020
    Accepted: 26 March 2020
    Published: 13 April 2020
    Abstract: This paper introduces a method for simultaneous detection of 2019 novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) and influenza virus A and influenza virus B (FluA/B) by dual fluorescent RT-PCR, providing some references for the current clinical first-line practice against the epidemic. More than 12000 samples of nasopharyngeal swabs, sputum and anal swabs were coll... Show More