International Journal of Language and Linguistics

Special Issue

Linguistics of Saying

  • Submission Deadline: Oct. 10, 2015
  • Status: Submission Closed
  • Lead Guest Editor: Jesús Martínez del Castillo
About This Special Issue
Linguistics of saying studies language in its birth. Language is the mental activity executed by speaking subjects. It consists in analyzing speech acts as the result of an act of knowing. Speaking subjects speak because they have something to say; they say because they define themselves before the circumstance they are in; and this is possible because they are able to know. Speaking is speaking, saying and knowing. There is a progressive determination. Knowing makes possible saying, and saying determines speaking. The problem thus is to determine the intentional meaningful purpose of the individual speaker in every speech act.

Linguistics of saying is a proposal made by the Spanish philosopher Ortega y Gasset, formulated by me in 2004 . It starts from language considered in its birth. Language is born whenever it is spoken. Language thus does not have concrete existence: it is mental activity, the creation of meanings; a particular language is something virtual, that is, linguistic knowledge, the knowledge of speakers to speak thus consisting in a technical knowledge; and speech is nothing but the intentional meaningful purpose of speakers. The only thing with concrete existence is speaking subjects, human beings as they execute the activity of speaking, which is not merely the use of words to create utterances but the activity consisting in speaking, saying and knowing things and the world constituted of things.

Human subjects speak because they have something to say. They say because they define themselves before the circumstance they are in, thus creating things and a world constituted of things. This is possible because they are able to know. Subjects apprehend and create things thus adding something new. Language thus consists of speaking, saying and knowing. In its deepest genesis knowing is first; then, saying, and finally, speaking. Speaking is nothing but the manifestation of both knowing and saying.

Speech acts are to be examined when created. Language manifests in speech acts. You can only verify speech acts, innumerable speech acts. They are entirely new, thus consisting of both utterances and the topics utterances deal with. Together with words they are the creation of contents or logos, or thought. Linguistics of saying analyses language out of contents. It consists thus in interpretation, hermeneutics, “the crossroads and mutual connection of different disciplines, linked together purposefully by a man’s self-reflection” .

Part Second:

Linguistics of saying was proposed by the philosopher Ortega y Gasset, who spoke from the point of view of philosophy. My development of his ideas consists in proposing and executing that theory within the limits of language and linguistics. Because of this I cannot propose other authors.
Lead Guest Editor
  • Jesús Martínez del Castillo

    Department of English,University of Almería, Almería, Spain

Guest Editors
  • Emma Tamaianu-Morita

    Department of Regional Studies and Humanities, Akita University, Akita City, Japan

  • Lali Kushitashvili

    Centre of education and Professional Training, Tbilisi, Georgia

  • Anahita Bajoul

    , Iran

  • Estanislao Ramón Trives

    Department of Spanish and General Linguistics, University of Murcia, Murcia, Spain

  • Jorge Wiesse

    Departamento Académico de Humanidades, Universidad del Pacífico, Lima, Peru

Published Articles
  • Parolization and Linguistics of Saying

    Jorge Wiesse Rebagliati

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2015
    Pages: 112-116
    Received: Sep. 26, 2015
    Accepted: Sep. 28, 2015
    Published: Oct. 12, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijll.s.2015030601.25
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    Abstract: Parolization, a term coined by Jürgen Trabant following Eugenio Coseriu’s guidelines, consists in the actualization of a text –seen as Ferdinand de Saussure’s langue– in reading or interpretation –seen as parole. This paper argues that parolization could be better understood if considered as an act of knowing, saying and speaking, that is, as the o... Show More
  • Language and Thought Convergence (Poetic Grammar)

    Antonio Domínguez Rey

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2015
    Pages: 109-111
    Received: Sep. 26, 2015
    Accepted: Sep. 28, 2015
    Published: Oct. 12, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijll.s.2015030601.24
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    Abstract: The dichotomy between thought and language is resolved in the productive act of knowledge. Language is a creative product of cognitive function according to the development of the human brain. It happens while maintaining a modal resonance of its constitution in sensitive and perceptive world contact. Each of its units gives access to this phenomen... Show More
  • The Transcendental Reality of Matter: An Interpretation

    Estanislao Ramon Trives

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2015
    Pages: 105-108
    Received: Apr. 23, 2015
    Accepted: Apr. 24, 2015
    Published: May 09, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijll.s.2015030601.23
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    Abstract: This paper is a study about the Transcendental Reality of matter. I want to investigate what is the extent of the word matter , dealing with it as a lexeme not merely reflecting reality but highlighting it, as Paul Klee proposes. Properly speaking the title of the paper should say “The Horizon of the Utopic-Transcendental Reality of ‘Matter’”.
  • Categories and Language

    Jesus Martinez del Castillo

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2015
    Pages: 96-104
    Received: Mar. 26, 2015
    Accepted: Mar. 26, 2015
    Published: Apr. 11, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijll.s.2015030601.22
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    Abstract: Language exists because human subjects define themselves in the circumstance they are in. This is possible because they are able to know, not directly through their senses only, but adding something new to the construct they create in their conscience. The main thing they add to the construct created is categories, something invented or fabricated ... Show More
  • Modes of Thinking and Language Change: The Loss of Inflexions in Old English

    Jesus Martinez del Castillo

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2015
    Pages: 85-95
    Received: Mar. 25, 2015
    Accepted: Mar. 25, 2015
    Published: Apr. 08, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijll.s.2015030601.21
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    Abstract: The changes known as the loss of inflexions in English (11th- 15th centuries, included) were prompted with the introduction of a new mode of thinking. The mode of thinking, for the Anglo-Saxons, was a dynamic way of conceiving of things. Things were considered events happening. With the contacts of Anglo-Saxons with, first, the Romano-British; seco... Show More
  • Modes of Thinking in Language Study

    Jesus Martinez del Castillo

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2015
    Pages: 77-84
    Received: Mar. 21, 2015
    Accepted: Mar. 23, 2015
    Published: Mar. 31, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijll.s.2015030601.20
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    Abstract: When we speak of language we usually use the concept of a particular language. In this sense the concept denoted with the word language may vary from one language to another. Real language (=the language spoken) on the contrary, is the reality lived by speakers thus encompassing complex and multifarious activities. Depending on the language spoken,... Show More
  • Meaning, What is It

    Jesus Martinez del Castillo

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2015
    Pages: 67-76
    Received: Mar. 12, 2015
    Accepted: Mar. 12, 2015
    Published: Mar. 18, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijll.s.2015030601.19
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    Abstract: Meaning as the original function of language is the arrangement of internal things on the part of the creative and historical individual subject who speaks a particular language. Meaning constitutes the series of contents making up the linguistic world human subjects can manage real things with. Real things are not described with meanings but merel... Show More
  • The Activity of Speaking

    Jesus Martinez del Castillo

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2015
    Pages: 59-66
    Received: Feb. 12, 2015
    Accepted: Feb. 15, 2015
    Published: Mar. 13, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijll.s.2015030601.18
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    Abstract: The most comprehensive manifestation of language can be seen in the activity of speaking. In itself the activity of speaking cannot be understood unless it is referred to the concepts of language and a language. Anything in language can be found in the activity of speaking. Because of this you can find what language is if you abstract from the innu... Show More
  • Meaning and Language

    Jesus Martinez del Castillo

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2015
    Pages: 50-58
    Received: Feb. 18, 2015
    Accepted: Feb. 23, 2015
    Published: Mar. 05, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijll.s.2015030601.17
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    Abstract: Meaning defines language because it is the internal function of language. At the same time, meaning does not exist unless in language and because of language. From the point of view of the speaking subject meaning is contents of conscience. From the point of view of a language, meaning is the objectification of knowledge in linguistic signs. And fr... Show More
  • Determining the Degree of Reality of Language

    Jesus Martinez del Castillo

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2015
    Pages: 39-49
    Received: Feb. 02, 2015
    Accepted: Feb. 02, 2015
    Published: Feb. 14, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijll.s.2015030601.16
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    Abstract: Speakers live language, that is, they intuit, create, acquire, perform, speak and say, interpret, use, evaluate and, even, speak of language. The real language is the language lived by speakers. On the contrary linguists, who at the same time are speakers and linguists, study language as something manifesting of front of them. In order to study lan... Show More
  • The Speech Act as an Act of Knowing

    Jesus Martinez del Castillo

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2015
    Pages: 31-38
    Received: Jan. 21, 2015
    Accepted: Jan. 22, 2015
    Published: Feb. 14, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijll.s.2015030601.15
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    Abstract: Language is nothing but human subjects in as much as they speak, say and know. Language is something coming from the inside of the speaking subject manifest in the meaningful intentional purpose of the individual speaker. A language, on the contrary, is something coming from the outside, from the speech community, something offered to the speaking ... Show More
  • Fixing the Content Created in the Act of Knowing

    Jesus Martinez del Castillo

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2015
    Pages: 24-30
    Received: Jan. 12, 2015
    Accepted: Jan. 16, 2015
    Published: Jan. 27, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijll.s.2015030601.14
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    Abstract: The human subject in as much as he knows transforms the sensitive and concrete (the thing perceived) into abstract (an image of the thing perceived), the abstract into an idea (imaginative representation of the thing abstracted), and ideas into contents of conscience (meanings). The last step in the creation of meanings, something being executed in... Show More
  • The Process of Abstraction in the Creation of Meanings

    Jesús Martínez del Castillo

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2015
    Pages: 11-23
    Received: Jan. 07, 2015
    Accepted: Jan. 08, 2015
    Published: Jan. 14, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijll.s.2015030601.13
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    Abstract: Linguistics of Saying is to be analyzed in the speech act conceived of as an act of knowing. The speaking, saying and knowing subject, based on contexts and the principles of congruency and confidence in the speech of other speakers, will create meanings and interpret the sense of utterances supplying the deficiencies of language by means of the in... Show More
  • The Meaningful Intentional Purpose of the Individual Speaker

    Jesús Martínez del Castillo

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2015
    Pages: 5-10
    Received: Dec. 22, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 27, 2014
    Published: Jan. 10, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijll.s.2015030601.12
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    Abstract: Linguistics of saying studies language in its birth. Language is the mental activity executed by speaking subjects. Linguistics of saying consists in analyzing speech acts as the result of an act of knowing. Speaking subjects speak because they have something to say; they say because they define themselves before the circumstance they are in; and t... Show More
  • Linguistics of Saying, Presentation

    Jesús Martínez del Castillo

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 6-1, November 2015
    Pages: 1-4
    Received: Dec. 15, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 17, 2014
    Published: Jan. 10, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijll.s.2015030601.11
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    Abstract: Linguistics of Saying is a theory about language based on a particular conception of what to be a human being is. Human subjects are free and historical. The aim of linguistics of saying is thought and its means is the analysis of speech acts conceived of as acts of knowing. In this sense linguistics of saying is hermeneutics, both transcendental a... Show More