International Journal of Astrophysics and Space Science

Special Issue

Quantum Vacuum, Fundamental Arena of the Universe: Models, Applications and Perspectives

  • Submission Deadline: Dec. 20, 2014
  • Status: Submission Closed
  • Lead Guest Editor: Luigi Maxmilian Caligiuri
About This Special Issue
Quantum Vacuum is perhaps the most important concept in modern physics. The latest researches show it rules the deepest structure of Universe and constitutes the background from which forces and matter could arise, so representing the ultimate template of physics reality. The formulation of a complete dynamical theory of Quantum Vacuum could then be able to give answer to the most fundamental questions in Physics as, for example, the origin and the fate of Universe, the meaning of space and time, the nature of fundamental interactions and their possible unification, the synthesis between quantum and relativistic physics, the role of the consciousness observer in the physical Universe, the quest for a suitable Theory of Everything and many others. In this sense the true understanding of Quantum Vacuum features and dynamics represent a problem of common and fundamental interest in Physics, from both a theoretical and experimental point of view. The aim of this special issue is to explore and discuss the most novel and recent theoretical and experimental developments about the subject of Quantum Vacuum also examining previously unaddressed aspects; to review, comparing and contrasting different points of view; to propose and develop new approaches of scientific research, rapidly and effectively exchanging perspectives and to encourage new lines of research, possibly stimulating the interest of the new generation of researchers in this field.
Topics of primary interest include but are not limited to:
    Novel models of Quantum Vacuum
    Quantum Vacuum and Fundamental Interactions
    Quantum Vacuum, Mind and the role of Conscious Observer
    Quantum Vacuum, Space Propulsion and Energy Production
    Quantum Vacuum, Theory of Relativity and Quantum Mechanics
    Quantum Vacuum in Astrophysics and Cosmology
    The role of Quantum Vacuum in Condensed Matter Physics, including Biological Systems
    New perspectives on Quantum Vacuum research
Lead Guest Editor
  • Luigi Maxmilian Caligiuri

    Faculty of Science, University of Calabria, Arcavacata, Italy

Guest Editors
  • Takaaki Musha

    Advanced Science-Technology Research Organization, Yokohama, Japan

Published Articles
  • The Dynamic Universe – Space as a Spherically Closed Energy System

    Tuomo Suntola

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6-1, December 2014
    Pages: 66-85
    Received: Dec. 21, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 27, 2014
    Published: Mar. 27, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijass.s.2014020601.18
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    Abstract: The Dynamic Universe model comprises a holistic view and detailed study of space as a spherically closed 3-dimensional energy system in a 4-dimensional universe. It is based on zero-energy balance of motion and gravitation of space as a 3D surface of a 4-sphere – contracting and expanding in the direction of the 4-radius. Such a dynamic solution sh... Show More
  • On the Planck Scale and Properties of Matter

    Ari Lehto

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6-1, December 2014
    Pages: 57-65
    Received: Dec. 21, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 27, 2014
    Published: Mar. 27, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijass.s.2014020601.17
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    Abstract: Period doubling, or a frequency halving sequence, is a common property of nonlinear dynamical systems. Period can be related to other physical quantities, e.g. length, energy and temperature, which obtain the corresponding doubling/halving behavior. It is found that physical properties of natural phenomena, systems and elementary particles can be d... Show More
  • Fundamental Concepts − from Force to Energy

    Tuomo Suntola , Ari Lehto , Tarja Kallio-Tamminen , Heikki Sipilä

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6-1, December 2014
    Pages: 46-56
    Received: Dec. 21, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 27, 2014
    Published: Mar. 27, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijass.s.2014020601.16
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    Abstract: This paper discusses the nature of reality on the bases of novel fundamental concepts arisen out of the Dynamic Universe theory and the period doubling mechanism presented in papers The Dynamic Universe – space as a spherically closed energy system by Tuomo Suntola [1], and On the Planck scale and properties of matter by Ari Lehto [2] in this issue... Show More
  • Theoretical Limits on the Efficiency of a Quantum Vacuum Thruster

    G. Modanese

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6-1, December 2014
    Pages: 39-45
    Received: Dec. 21, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 27, 2014
    Published: Mar. 27, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijass.s.2014020601.15
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    Abstract: Theory and experiments show that vacuum fluctuations in quantum gravity can be abnormally strong, also at the micrometer or nanometer scale, for the following reasons: (1) the Einstein action is not positive-definite; (2) it is the only possible effective gravitational action; (3) quantum mechanics, in the form of the Feynman path integral, must ap... Show More
  • The GEM Unification Theory of the Vacuum: Did Dimensional Collapse Trigger the Big Bang

    John E. Brandenburg

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6-1, December 2014
    Pages: 24-38
    Received: Dec. 21, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 27, 2014
    Published: Mar. 27, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijass.s.2014020601.14
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    Abstract: The GEM (Gravity EM) unification theory builds on the Sakharov and Kaluza-Klein approaches to unify all four force fields of nature: Gravity, EM, Strong, and Weak using Feynman Path integral formalism. The model is rudimentary, and can be called a “Bohr Model” of unification. It is basically found that Gravity and the other forces can be understood... Show More
  • Neutrino Oscillations Founded on Tachyon Theory of Neutrino

    Zoran B. Todorovic

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6-1, December 2014
    Pages: 18-23
    Received: Dec. 21, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 27, 2014
    Published: Jan. 27, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijass.s.2014020601.13
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    Abstract: De Broglie's neutrino relations have been derived in this paper in the spirit of tachyon neutrino theory. The analysis of the physical characteristics of the neutrino as the tachyon particle has been done and a formula derived for the oscillation length. By analyzing phase angle of the plane wave, we came to the conclusion that the oscillations of ... Show More
  • Gravitational “Constant” G as a Function of Quantum Vacuum Energy Density and its Dependence on the Distance from Mass

    Luigi Maxmilian Caligiuri

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6-1, December 2014
    Pages: 10-17
    Received: Sep. 30, 2014
    Accepted: Oct. 05, 2014
    Published: Oct. 07, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijass.s.2014020601.12
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    Abstract: In a previous paper the author has shown the gravitational constant ruling Newton’s law can be expressed as a function of quantum variables related to Zero Point Field as Planck’s time and quantum vacuum energy density. On the other hand the quantum vacuum energy density has been proved to be modified by the presence of a mass within the volume occ... Show More
  • Quantum Vacuum Energy, Gravity Manipulation and the Force Generated by the Interaction between High-Potential Electric Fields and Zero-Point-Field

    Luigi Maxmilian Caligiuri , Takaaki Musha

    Issue: Volume 2, Issue 6-1, December 2014
    Pages: 1-9
    Received: Sep. 22, 2014
    Accepted: Sep. 25, 2014
    Published: Oct. 07, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ijass.s.2014020601.11
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    Abstract: The idea of manipulating and using the energy associated to electrodynamic quantum vacuum, also known as Zero Point Energy (ZPE), for technological applications as, for example, interstellar space propulsion, represents one of the most challenging question both in theoretical and applied physics. During the past years B.Haish, A.Rueda and H.E.Putho... Show More