Advances in Applied Physiology

Volume 5, Issue 2, December 2020

  • Beneficial Effects of Yoga on Memory and Cognition Associated to Stress

    Sudeep Mitra, Mousumi Mitra, Mantu Saha, Dilip Kumar Nandi

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 2, December 2020
    Pages: 12-18
    Received: 30 May 2020
    Accepted: 22 June 2020
    Published: 13 July 2020
    Abstract: Stress generally occurs due to the organism’s non-specific response against some kind of demand imposed on them. The compensatory responses to these stresses are known as stress response. The stressful stimuli can advance the physiological and psychological effects on the body which includes executive functions of the brain. The prefrontal cortex s... Show More
  • Subjective vs. Objective Urine Color: Effect of Hydration Status

    Tory Edwards, Rebekah Belasco, Alfonso Joaquin Munoz, Vernon Rayo, Michael Buono

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 2, December 2020
    Pages: 19-23
    Received: 5 August 2020
    Accepted: 24 August 2020
    Published: 3 September 2020
    Abstract: Purpose: To investigate the validity of urine color as a metric of hydration status using CIE L*a*b* color space, as compared to the commonly used subjective 8-point scale. Methods: A total of 151 urine samples were collected from subjects (N=28) in various states of hydration. Urine osmolality and urine specific gravity (USG) were measured in each... Show More
  • RNA Interference: Antiviral Defense Mechanism and Immune Memory

    Muratkhodjaev Javdat, Aripova Tamara

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 2, December 2020
    Pages: 24-29
    Received: 14 July 2020
    Accepted: 5 August 2020
    Published: 7 September 2020
    Abstract: A review of the mechanisms of the generation of antiviral immunity in bacteria, plants, invertebrates, and vertebrates directly indicates the leading role of innate immunity. Bornovirus infections in mammals have been proven to be inhibited by the RNA interference mechanism. Authors propose a possible role of innate human immunity in combating vira... Show More
  • Effects of High Intensity Interval Training on Physiological Variables of University Students

    Assegid Ketema

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 2, December 2020
    Pages: 30-36
    Received: 18 September 2020
    Accepted: 5 October 2020
    Published: 13 October 2020
    Abstract: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on university students’ physiological variables. 40 male sports science students with an age range between 18-25 years were randomly assigned to the HIIT group (n=20) and control (C) group (n=20). The experiment group underwent eight weeks of HIIT, wher... Show More
  • Impact of Royal Jelly Supplement on Ewe's Milk Fat Content and Fatty Acid Profile During the Early Stage of Lactation

    Akram Abdel Sattar El-Tarabany, Omar Abdel Hamid Ahmed-Farid, Sana Sayed Emara, Mahmoud Salah El-Tarabany

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 2, December 2020
    Pages: 37-41
    Received: 21 September 2020
    Accepted: 12 October 2020
    Published: 21 October 2020
    Abstract: The aim was to study the possible effects of royal jelly (RJ) supplementation on milk fat content and fatty acids (FA) profile of ewes during the early stage of lactation. Randomly, thirty-six Ossimi ewes were divided into two groups (18 animals each). The first group was offered the basal diet which was considered as a control group, whereas the s... Show More
  • Spatial and Temporal Properties of Gaze Return Fixations While Viewing Affective Images

    Lubov Podladchikova, Dmitry Shaposhnikov, Tatiana Koltunova, Dmitry Lazurenko, Valery Kiroy

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 2, December 2020
    Pages: 42-47
    Received: 23 October 2020
    Accepted: 7 November 2020
    Published: 24 November 2020
    Abstract: Spatial and temporal properties of gaze return fixations on recently viewed regions during free viewing of affective images from The International Affective System (IAPS) image database are considered. In each test, 10 positive, 10 negative, and 10 neutral images were presented for each Subject (n=20). It was revealed that the probability of the re... Show More
  • An Approach Study for Reducing the Early Embryonic Loss in Egyptian Buffalo-cows

    Mohamed Abd El-Fattah Abo-Farw, Osama Mostafa Elmalky, Emad Fawzy Elmaghraby, Hassab Allah Abdul Gwad Abu Elghait, Maged Ahmed Aboul-Omran

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 2, December 2020
    Pages: 48-57
    Received: 28 October 2020
    Accepted: 13 November 2020
    Published: 30 November 2020
    Abstract: This study evaluated the efficacy of a single gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist on day 12 or human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) on day 7 post-mating on pregnancy rate (PR) of repeat breeder buffaloes. Buffaloes (n=21) in heat were naturally mated, and divided into three groups (7 in each). Animals in the 1st group (G1) were i.m. injecte... Show More
  • A Possible Way to Improve the Quality of Speech Perception by Increasing the Number of Electrodes in a Cochlear Implant from 8 to 22

    Margarita Stefanovich

    Issue: Volume 5, Issue 2, December 2020
    Pages: 58-69
    Received: 21 November 2020
    Accepted: 8 December 2020
    Published: 31 December 2020
    Abstract: A cochlear implant (CI) helps a person with auditory receptor pathology restore the ability to hear and understand speech. The partial loss of the information about the frequency and loudness of the audio signal is the main difference from the natural sound perception. CIs of various types differ in the number of stimulated electrodes: 12, 16, 20, ... Show More