Abstract: Developing countries are both food and health insecure because of shortage, cost and nutrition related problems. Even though Benishangul-Gumuz regional state in Ethiopia is blessed with various edible fruit potentials; it is the most food and health insecure region. Among varieties of indigenous vegetable fruit pods originated in this region; an Indigenous Kenkese (Berta naming) and Andha (Gumuz naming) are widely known which paves this research. This research has been aimed to sketch a baseline research for phytochemical evaluation and medicinal activities estimation of Kenkese fruit pods of both species (Abelmoschus esculentus and Abelmoschus ficulenus) to solve food and health insecurity diet of this region by qualitative standard tests and instrumental techniques, followed by prediction of its medicinal activities. In qualitative analysis, phytochemical bioactive compounds i.e steroids, reducing sugars, triterpenoids, alkaloids, phenolic compounds, flavonoids, Saponins,, tannins, anthraquinones, carbohydrates, protiens, volatile oils, carbonyls and amino acids were screened with polar and nonpolar solvents separately using standard procedures. Results showed that only glycosides and carotenoids are absent in Berta Kenkese whereas almost all bioactive compounds were found in Gumuz Kenkese in different abundancy. The crude fruit pond extracts of both Berta and Gumuz Kenkese samples were undergo UV-Vis (300-800nm) and FTIR (4000-400 cm-1) characterizations. Results of UV-Vis peaks at 324nm and 290nm confirmed presence of Flavonoids in both species with different intensities. The FTIR test predicted presence of functional groups vibration bands of O-H, N-H, C-H, C=O, C-O, C-N, C=C, S=O, C=N and N=C stretching. This FTIR peaks confirmed presence of alkanes, alkenes, aromatic compounds, carboxylic acids, anhydrides, alcohols, phenols, amines, amides, esters, ethers, sulphur derivatives, glycosides, nitrates, nitriles, isonitriles, organic halogens and carbohydrates in both fruit pond extracts of Berta and Gumuz Kenkeses with different intensities of peaks. From results of such bioactive chemical constitutes, it was concluded that fruit pods of both Kenkese species have high nutritional content and higher bio-active quantities in Berta than Gumuz Kenkeses. Moreover presence of almost all bioactive phyto-constituents confirmed fruit ponds have traditional organic therapeutic properties which can treat different ailments and can produce commercial drugs. Further spectroscopic characterization studies are required to elucidate structure of bioactive compounds and to quantify individual extracted phytochemical components.
Abstract: Developing countries are both food and health insecure because of shortage, cost and nutrition related problems. Even though Benishangul-Gumuz regional state in Ethiopia is blessed with various edible fruit potentials; it is the most food and health insecure region. Among varieties of indigenous vegetable fruit pods originated in this region; an In...Show More