World Journal of Applied Chemistry

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Growth and Yield of Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) as Influenced by Different Rates of Nitrogen Fertilizer at Guder, West Shoa, Ethiopia

Cabbage (Brassisca oleracea L.) is biennial crop with a very short stem supporting a mass of overlapping leaves to from a compact head. It is grown for its head in more than ninety countries throughout the world. Cabbage is grown under irrigation and rain fed condition in Ethiopia. Ethiopia accounted for 12% of the total production in Africa (Nicolas et al., 2012). The production of cabbage can be increased either by improving inherent genetic potential of the crop or through application of better agronomic management such as fertilizer rate which contribute to substantial amount of crop. A field experiment was conducted under irrigation in Guder, West Shoa Ethiopia to evaluate the effect of different rate of nitrogen fertilizer on the growth and yield of cabbage. Four nitrogen rates (0, 50, 100, and 150kg/ha) were used as a treatment. The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. The study results revealed that plant height, leaf number per plant, leaf length, leaf width, head diameter, fresh head weight, dry weight and marketable yield were highly significantly (p<0.01) affected while spread of plant was significantly (p<0.05) affected by nitrogen fertilizer rates. The highest plant height (32.37cm), number of leaves plant-1 (11.45), leaf length (25.57 cm), leaf width (28.07cm), head diameter (11.83 cm), spread of plant (43.70 cm), fresh head weight (0.810 kg plant-1), dry weight (0.0117 kg plant-1), and the highest marketable head yield hectare-1 (79.83 ton ha-1) were obtained at 150kg ha-1 of nitrogen rate. Therefore, application of 150kg nitrogen fertilizer per hectare was suitable for cabbage production to obtain higher head yield in the study area.

Cabbage, Growth, Yield, Nitrogen, Fertilizer

APA Style

Asfaw Shaka Gosa, Bikila Olika Fufa. (2023). Growth and Yield of Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) as Influenced by Different Rates of Nitrogen Fertilizer at Guder, West Shoa, Ethiopia. World Journal of Applied Chemistry, 8(2), 39-42. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.wjac.20230802.13

ACS Style

Asfaw Shaka Gosa; Bikila Olika Fufa. Growth and Yield of Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) as Influenced by Different Rates of Nitrogen Fertilizer at Guder, West Shoa, Ethiopia. World J. Appl. Chem. 2023, 8(2), 39-42. doi: 10.11648/j.wjac.20230802.13

AMA Style

Asfaw Shaka Gosa, Bikila Olika Fufa. Growth and Yield of Cabbage (Brassica oleracea L.) as Influenced by Different Rates of Nitrogen Fertilizer at Guder, West Shoa, Ethiopia. World J Appl Chem. 2023;8(2):39-42. doi: 10.11648/j.wjac.20230802.13

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Kibar, B., Karaağaço, Hayati, K. (2014). Correlation and Path Coefficient Analysis of Yield and Yield Components in Cabbage (Brassica OleraceaVar. CapitataL.) Acta Sci. Pol. 13 (6), 87-97.
2. FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization). (2012). Food and Agricultural organization statistics. FAO, Rome.
3. Meena, M. L., Ram, R. B., Rubee, L., Sharma, S. R. (2010). Determining yield components in cabbage (Brassica oleraceavar. capitataL.) through correlation and path analysis. Int. J. Sci. Nat., 1, 27-30.
4. Tiwari, K. N., Singh, P. K. and Mal, P. K. (2003). Effect of drip irrigation on the yield of cabbage (Brassica oleraceaL. var. capitata) under mulch and non-mulch conditions. Agric. Water Manag, 58, 19-28.
5. Nicolas, D., Francis, M., Guido, P. (2012). Food Production and Consumption Trends in Sub Saharan Africa: Prospects for the Transformation of the Agricultural Sector. African Center for Economic Transformation. Guido Porto, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
6. CSA (Central Statistical Agency). (2017). Area and production of major crops. Agricultural sample survey 2016/17, private, peasant holdings, Meher season, Statistical Bulletin 584, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
7. Kumar, M. and Rawat, T. S. (2002). Effect of nitrogen and spacing on the quality and yield of cabbage (Brassica oleracfaL. var. capitata). Agric. Sci. Digest, 22 (2), 90-92.
8. Hadfield, J. (1995). Vegetable gardening in South Africa. Struikhof Publishers, Cape Town, South Africa.
9. Toke KutayeWoreda Agriculture Office (TKWAO) annual report on crop production and weather data, (2017). West Shoa. Unpublished, translated version.
10. GenStat (2012). GenStat Procedure Library Release. 15thedition. VSN International Ltd.
11. Semuli, K. H. (2005). Nitrogen requirements for cabbage transplant and crop response of spacing and nitrogen top dressing. Department of soil production and soil science, Faculty of natural and agricultural sciences, University of Pretoria.
12. Souza, P. A., Souza, G. L., Menezes, J. B., Bezerra, N. F. (2008). Evaluations of cabbage cultivar grown under organic compost and mixed mineral fertilizers. Hortic. Bras. 26 (1): 143-145.
13. Singh, J., and Chaure, N. K. (1999). Effect of age of seedlings and nitrogen levels on growth and yield of onion (Allium cepaL.). Adv. Hortic. For., 6, 73-77.
14. Pankaj, S. (2006). Integrated effect of bio-inoculants, organic and inorganic fertilizer on growth and yield of cabbage. Hisar, India: Agricultural Research Information Centre. Crop Res. Hisar, 32 (2), 188-191.
15. Hossain, A. T. Z. (1998). Effect of different planting time, spacing and nitrogen on growth and yield of cabbage. Ann Agrill Res 1998; 14 (2): 1-4.
16. Tei, F., Benincasa, P., Guiducci, M. (2000). Effect of nitrogen availability on growth and nitrogen uptake in lettuce. Acta Horticulturae, 533, 385-392.
17. Takebe, M., Ishihara, T., Matsuna, K., Fojimoto, J., Yoneyama, T. (1995). Effect of nitrogen application on the content sugars, ascorbic acid, nitrate and oxalic acid in spinach (Spinaciaoleracea L.) and kamatsuna (Nrasicacompestris L.). Japanese Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 66, 238-246.
18. Silva, Jr. A. A. (1994). Effect of mineral and organic fertilization in cabbages. AgropecuriaCatarinense, 4, 53-56.
19. Richards T., Smith I. E., and Bennett R. (2016). Nitrogen fertilization of cabbages in Natal. South African Journal of Plant and Soil, 1 (1), 9-11.