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Empowerment Through Skill Acquisition and Its Impact on ART Adherence Among HIV-Positive Adults in Lagos, Nigeria during the COVID-19 Pandemic

This study investigates the impact of a skill acquisition intervention on Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) adherence among HIV-positive adults in Lagos, Nigeria during the COVID-19 pandemic. The research explores demographic characteristics, changes in adherence rates before and after the intervention and the effectiveness of the intervention. A total of 50 participants were divided into experimental and control groups. Demographic data, including age, gender, income, and education were collected. ART adherence was measured before and after the intervention. Statistical analysis included descriptive statistics, Wilcoxon signed ranks tests and Mann-Whitney U tests. Before the intervention, the control group exhibited higher ART adherence rates compared to the experimental group. However, both groups showed significant improvements in adherence after the intervention. The intervention effectively narrowed the adherence gap between the groups. Wilcoxon signed ranks tests confirmed significant improvements in adherence in both groups before and after the intervention. Mann-Whitney U test results indicated that before the intervention, the control group had higher ART adherence rates compared to the experimental group. However, after the intervention, the Mann-Whitney U test revealed a significant difference in ART adherence between the experimental and control groups. The experimental group had higher adherence rates after the intervention compared to the control group. This study highlights the positive impact of skill acquisition interventions on ART adherence among HIV-positive adults in Lagos, Nigeria. The intervention effectively improved adherence rates and reduced disparities between groups. These findings emphasize the importance of scaling up similar interventions in HIV care programmes. However, future research with larger samples and longer follow-up periods is recommended to validate and expand on these results.

HIV, Antiretroviral Therapy, Adherence, Skill Acquisition, COVID-19, Empowerment

APA Style

Kazeem Adewale Osuolale, Adesola Zaidat Musa, Ifeoma Idigbe, Ozichu Sabdat Ekama, Wasiu Ademola Adekunle, et al. (2023). Empowerment Through Skill Acquisition and Its Impact on ART Adherence Among HIV-Positive Adults in Lagos, Nigeria during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Science Journal of Applied Mathematics and Statistics, 11(2), 37-43. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.sjams.20231102.12

ACS Style

Kazeem Adewale Osuolale; Adesola Zaidat Musa; Ifeoma Idigbe; Ozichu Sabdat Ekama; Wasiu Ademola Adekunle, et al. Empowerment Through Skill Acquisition and Its Impact on ART Adherence Among HIV-Positive Adults in Lagos, Nigeria during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Sci. J. Appl. Math. Stat. 2023, 11(2), 37-43. doi: 10.11648/j.sjams.20231102.12

AMA Style

Kazeem Adewale Osuolale, Adesola Zaidat Musa, Ifeoma Idigbe, Ozichu Sabdat Ekama, Wasiu Ademola Adekunle, et al. Empowerment Through Skill Acquisition and Its Impact on ART Adherence Among HIV-Positive Adults in Lagos, Nigeria during the COVID-19 Pandemic. Sci J Appl Math Stat. 2023;11(2):37-43. doi: 10.11648/j.sjams.20231102.12

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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