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Electronic Structures and Optical Properties for Nano Particles: Experimental and Theoretical Calculations

The use of copper nanoparticles (Cu NPs) and copper oxide nanoparticles (Cu2O NPs) has increased dramatically both in the medical and industrial fields. In the present study, we have used various techniques like, dynamic light scattering (DLS) for particle size, zeta potential determination, X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscope (TEM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) for development and characterization of Cu and Cu2O NPs. We have also performed the ab-initio calculations based on the density functional theory (DFT) where the theoretical results are in well accordance with the experimental reports. The Hubbard correction is included over the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) for a better description of Cu and Cu2O NPs. The plot of densities of states (DOS) and energy band structures of Cu and Cu2O nanocrystals predicts the metallic and semiconducting nature of Cu and Cu2O, respectively. The energy bands and DOS shows strong hybridization of Cu-O and predicts the metallic nature of Cu and semiconducting nature of Cu2O. The optical absorption results show that both the Cu2O and Cu samples are absorbing strongly at the minimum energy. The band structure of Cu Nano crystals reveals a metallic nature where the valence band crosses the Fermi energy level at W point. However, an indirect energy band gap can be seen above the EF.

Cu Nanoparticles, Cu2O Nanoparticles, X-ray Diffraction, Density Functional Theory

APA Style

Abeer E. Aly, Heba M. Fahmy, H. H. Medina Chanduvi, Arles V. Gil Rebaza, B. Thapa, et al. (2022). Electronic Structures and Optical Properties for Nano Particles: Experimental and Theoretical Calculations. American Journal of Nano Research and Applications, 10(1), 9-13. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.nano.20221001.12

ACS Style

Abeer E. Aly; Heba M. Fahmy; H. H. Medina Chanduvi; Arles V. Gil Rebaza; B. Thapa, et al. Electronic Structures and Optical Properties for Nano Particles: Experimental and Theoretical Calculations. Am. J. Nano Res. Appl. 2022, 10(1), 9-13. doi: 10.11648/j.nano.20221001.12

AMA Style

Abeer E. Aly, Heba M. Fahmy, H. H. Medina Chanduvi, Arles V. Gil Rebaza, B. Thapa, et al. Electronic Structures and Optical Properties for Nano Particles: Experimental and Theoretical Calculations. Am J Nano Res Appl. 2022;10(1):9-13. doi: 10.11648/j.nano.20221001.12

Copyright © 2022 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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