Modern Chemistry

| Peer-Reviewed |

Determination of NPS Fertilizer Rates Based on Calibrated Phosphorus for Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Production in Horo District, Western Oromia Region

Received: Apr. 20, 2023    Accepted: Jun. 27, 2023    Published: Jul. 17, 2023
Views:       Downloads:

Share

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to establish the optimum NPS rate based on calibrated phosphors for bread wheat productivity in Horo District. NPS fertilizer based on the critical levels of P and optimum N fertilizer determined for the district to determine the economically optimum levels of NPS. The treatments consist of 100% Pc from DAP and recommended N fertilizer and 100%, 75%, 50%, 25% Pc from NPS fertilizer with recommended N fertilizer and control (no fertilizer application) on a bread wheat, with seed rate of 150 kg ha-1. The two years (2020-2021) analysis of variance showed that biomass yield of bread wheat was highly significantly affected by the rate of NPS. The highest grain yield (5028.30 kg ha-1) and biomass yield (11455.4 kg ha-1) were obtained in response to the application of 100% of Pc from NPS + Rec. N, whereas the lowest grain yield (2882.2 kg ha-1) and biomass yield (8144.3 kg ha-1) were obtained from control treatment, respectively. The highest net benefit of 53247.4 Birr ha-1 was obtained from 100% of Pc from NPS with optimum N fertilizer application. Based on the findings of this study, 100% of Pc from NPS plus suggested nitrogen fertilizer was selected as the best and resulted in the highest yields of bread wheat production in Horo district, according to both agronomic data and partial budget analysis. Therefore, the technology's verification and demonstration for popularization should be continued.

DOI 10.11648/j.mc.20231103.11
Published in Modern Chemistry ( Volume 11, Issue 3, September 2023 )
Page(s) 55-59
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

NPS, Bread Wheat, Optimum Fertilizer

References
[1] Mathpal B., Srivastava P. C., and Shankhdhar, S. C., 2015. Zinc enrichment in wheat genotypes under various methods of zinc application. Plant, Soil and Environment, 61 (4): 171-175.
[2] Assefa M, Johnson MRS, Nyambilila A, and Tekalign M., 2015. Wheat Response to Applied Nitrogen, Sulfur, and Phosphorous in three Representative Areas of the Central Highlands of Ethiopia. In J Plant Soil Science 8 (5): 1-11.
[3] Minot Nicholas, James Warner, Solomon Lemma, Leulsegged K., Abate G., and Shahidur Rashid. 2015. The Wheat Supply Chain in Ethiopia: Patterns, trends, and policy options. International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) Washington, DC.
[4] Fraisse, C. W., Sudduth, K. A., Kitchen, N. R., Fridgen, J. J., 1999. Use of Unsupervised Clustering Algorithms for Delineating within Colfield Management Zones,” ASAE Paper 993043. ASAE, Ontario, Canada.
[5] Hatfield, J. L., 2000. Precision agriculture and environmental quality: challenges for research and education. In: Proceedings of a National Workshop “Precision Agriculture and the Environment: Research Priorities of the Nation”, March 1999, Ames, IA.
[6] Wang, Y., Zhang, X., Huang, C., 2009. Spatial variability of soil total nitrogen and soil total phosphorus under different land uses in a small watershed on the Loess Plateau, China. Geoderma 150, 141–149.
[7] Agegnehu, G. and Bekele, T., 2005. On-farm integrated soil fertility management in wheat on Nitisols of central Ethiopian highlands. Ethiopian Journal of Natural Resources, 7 (2), pp. 141-155.
[8] David, M. E. and J. T. David, 2012. Modeling an improvement in phosphorous utilization in Tropical Agriculture. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 36: 18-35.
[9] Asgelil D, Taye B, Yesuf A. 2007. The status of Micro-nutrients in Nitisols, Vertisols, Cambisols and Fluvisols in major Maize, Wheat, Teff and Citrus growing areas of Ethiopia. In: Proceedings of Agricultural Research Fund, pp 77-96.
[10] Ayalew A; Boke S; Haile W. 2010. Review of soil and water technologies: case of Southern Nations Nationalities and Peoples Regional State (SNNPRS) (Unpublished).
[11] FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations). 1990. Soil resources of Ethiopia.
[12] CIMMYT (International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center). 1998. From agronomic data to farmer recommendations: An economic workbook. CIMMYT, Mexico.
[13] FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization), 2000. Fertilizers and their use 4thed. International fertilizer industry association, FAO, Rome, Italy.
[14] Mengel, K. and Kirkby, E. A. 1996. Principles of Plant Nutrition. Panimo Publishing Corporation, New Delhi, India.
[15] Bruce, R. C. and Rayment, G. E. 1982. Soil testing and some soil test interpretations used by the Queensland Department of Primary Industries. Bulletin QB 8 (2004), Indooroopilly, Queensland.
[16] Karltun, E., Lemenih, M., and Motuma T., 2013. Comparing farmers' perception of soilfertility change with soil properties and crop performance in Beseku, Ethiopia. Land Degrad. Dev. 24, 228–235.
[17] Temesgen Chimdessa and Chalsissa Takele. 2020. Verification of Soil Test Based Phosphorous Calibration Study for Bread Wheat (Triticum Aestivum L.) Production in Horo District, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Advances in Biochemistry. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2020, pp. 52-56. doi: 10.11648/j.ab.20200803.12.
[18] Dawit, S., Fritzsche, F., Tekalign, M., Lehmann, J., and Zech, W., 2002. Phosphorus formsand dynamics as influenced by land use changes in the sub-humid Ethiopian highlands. Geoderma 105, 21–48.
[19] Birhanu, I., Muktar, M., and Kibebew, K., 2016. Impact of deforestation and subsequent cultivation on soil fertility in Komto, Western Ethiopia. J. Soil Sci. Environ. Manage. 7, 212–221.
[20] Bereket A., Tadesse A., Kibret, K., and Melese, A., 2018. Phosphorous status and adsorption characteristics of acid soils from Cheha and Dinsho districts, southern highlands of Ethiopia. Environ. Syst. Res. 7, 17.
[21] Rao, S., Singh, K. K., Ali, M., 2001. Sulfur: A key nutrient for higher pulse production. Fert. News, 46 (10): 37-50.
[22] Tagesse Abera, Ketema Belete, Tamado Tana. 2018. Effect of Blended NPS Fertilizer Supplemente with Nitrogen on Yield Components and Yield of Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.), Journal of Natural Sciences Research, Vol. 8, No. 11.
Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Chalsissa Takele, Temesgen Chimdessa. (2023). Determination of NPS Fertilizer Rates Based on Calibrated Phosphorus for Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Production in Horo District, Western Oromia Region. Modern Chemistry, 11(3), 55-59. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.mc.20231103.11

    Copy | Download

    ACS Style

    Chalsissa Takele; Temesgen Chimdessa. Determination of NPS Fertilizer Rates Based on Calibrated Phosphorus for Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Production in Horo District, Western Oromia Region. Mod. Chem. 2023, 11(3), 55-59. doi: 10.11648/j.mc.20231103.11

    Copy | Download

    AMA Style

    Chalsissa Takele, Temesgen Chimdessa. Determination of NPS Fertilizer Rates Based on Calibrated Phosphorus for Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Production in Horo District, Western Oromia Region. Mod Chem. 2023;11(3):55-59. doi: 10.11648/j.mc.20231103.11

    Copy | Download

  • @article{10.11648/j.mc.20231103.11,
      author = {Chalsissa Takele and Temesgen Chimdessa},
      title = {Determination of NPS Fertilizer Rates Based on Calibrated Phosphorus for Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Production in Horo District, Western Oromia Region},
      journal = {Modern Chemistry},
      volume = {11},
      number = {3},
      pages = {55-59},
      doi = {10.11648/j.mc.20231103.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.mc.20231103.11},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.mc.20231103.11},
      abstract = {The purpose of this study was to establish the optimum NPS rate based on calibrated phosphors for bread wheat productivity in Horo District. NPS fertilizer based on the critical levels of P and optimum N fertilizer determined for the district to determine the economically optimum levels of NPS. The treatments consist of 100% Pc from DAP and recommended N fertilizer and 100%, 75%, 50%, 25% Pc from NPS fertilizer with recommended N fertilizer and control (no fertilizer application) on a bread wheat, with seed rate of 150 kg ha-1. The two years (2020-2021) analysis of variance showed that biomass yield of bread wheat was highly significantly affected by the rate of NPS. The highest grain yield (5028.30 kg ha-1) and biomass yield (11455.4 kg ha-1) were obtained in response to the application of 100% of Pc from NPS + Rec. N, whereas the lowest grain yield (2882.2 kg ha-1) and biomass yield (8144.3 kg ha-1) were obtained from control treatment, respectively. The highest net benefit of 53247.4 Birr ha-1 was obtained from 100% of Pc from NPS with optimum N fertilizer application. Based on the findings of this study, 100% of Pc from NPS plus suggested nitrogen fertilizer was selected as the best and resulted in the highest yields of bread wheat production in Horo district, according to both agronomic data and partial budget analysis. Therefore, the technology's verification and demonstration for popularization should be continued.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

    Copy | Download

  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Determination of NPS Fertilizer Rates Based on Calibrated Phosphorus for Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Production in Horo District, Western Oromia Region
    AU  - Chalsissa Takele
    AU  - Temesgen Chimdessa
    Y1  - 2023/07/17
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.mc.20231103.11
    DO  - 10.11648/j.mc.20231103.11
    T2  - Modern Chemistry
    JF  - Modern Chemistry
    JO  - Modern Chemistry
    SP  - 55
    EP  - 59
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2329-180X
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.mc.20231103.11
    AB  - The purpose of this study was to establish the optimum NPS rate based on calibrated phosphors for bread wheat productivity in Horo District. NPS fertilizer based on the critical levels of P and optimum N fertilizer determined for the district to determine the economically optimum levels of NPS. The treatments consist of 100% Pc from DAP and recommended N fertilizer and 100%, 75%, 50%, 25% Pc from NPS fertilizer with recommended N fertilizer and control (no fertilizer application) on a bread wheat, with seed rate of 150 kg ha-1. The two years (2020-2021) analysis of variance showed that biomass yield of bread wheat was highly significantly affected by the rate of NPS. The highest grain yield (5028.30 kg ha-1) and biomass yield (11455.4 kg ha-1) were obtained in response to the application of 100% of Pc from NPS + Rec. N, whereas the lowest grain yield (2882.2 kg ha-1) and biomass yield (8144.3 kg ha-1) were obtained from control treatment, respectively. The highest net benefit of 53247.4 Birr ha-1 was obtained from 100% of Pc from NPS with optimum N fertilizer application. Based on the findings of this study, 100% of Pc from NPS plus suggested nitrogen fertilizer was selected as the best and resulted in the highest yields of bread wheat production in Horo district, according to both agronomic data and partial budget analysis. Therefore, the technology's verification and demonstration for popularization should be continued.
    VL  - 11
    IS  - 3
    ER  - 

    Copy | Download

Author Information
  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Nekemte Soil Research Center, Oromia, Ethiopia

  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Nekemte Soil Research Center, Oromia, Ethiopia

  • Section