Modern Chemistry

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Response of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) to Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer Rates in Omo Nada District of Jimma Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia

Received: May 08, 2023    Accepted: Jun. 19, 2023    Published: Jul. 06, 2023
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Abstract

Soil fertility is one of the major production constraints in Ethiopia. The deficiency of nitrogen and phosphorus is the main factor that severely reduces the yield of sorghum. As a result, a field experiment was carried out at Omo Nada in 2015/2016 during the cropping season to evaluate the response of various levels of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) fertilizer using sorghum. The treatments consisted of factorial combinations of four rates each of N (0, 23, 46, and 69 kg N ha-1) and P (0, 11.5, 23, and 34.5 kg ha-1 P2O5) laid down in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. For data analysis, the correlation coefficient and ANOVA were used. The result showed that the yield and yield components of the sorghum crop were a highly significant response to the impacts of inorganic N-P fertilizer nutrients. Parameters such as plant height, head weight, grain yield, biomass yield, stover yield, and harvest index were statistically significantly different for nitrogen and phosphorus at different fertilizer rates. In addition, highly significant and positive correlations of grain yield with yield components were observed, especially for plant height (r=0.57**), head weight (r=0.85***), biomass yield (r=0.89***), and stover yield (r=0.75***). This result revealed that the maximum value of grain yield (3916.7 kg ha-1) was obtained from 69/11.5 kg ha-1 NP fertilizer, while the minimum value of grain yield (2286.2 kg ha-1) was obtained from the control. Compared to the control treatment, the highest rate of N/P (69/11.5 kg ha-1) increased sorghum grain yield by nearly 71.32%. It is concluded that nitrogen and phosphorus at the rates of 69 kg ha-1 N and 11.5 kg ha-1 P2O5 have the best performance in obtaining the maximum grain yield of the sorghum crop. Therefore, the application of 69/11.5 N P kg ha-1 fertilizer rate was recommended for better sorghum production and economic return in Nitisols of Omo Nada district southwestern Ethiopia.

DOI 10.11648/j.mc.20231102.12
Published in Modern Chemistry ( Volume 11, Issue 2, June 2023 )
Page(s) 49-54
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Fertilizer, Grain Yield, Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Sorghum, Response, Rate

References
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[2] Benedicta, Y. Fosu-Mensah and Michael Mensah (2016). The effect of phosphorus and nitrogen fertilizers on grain yield, nutrient uptake and use efficiency of two maize (Zea mays L.) varieties under rain fed condition on Haplic Lixisol in the forest-savannah transition zone of Ghana. Fosu-Mensah and Mensah Environ Syst Res (2016) 5: 22 DOI 10.1186/s40068-016-0073-2.
[3] CIMMYT, 1988. From Agronomic Data to Farmer Recommendations: An Economics Training Manual. Completely revised edition. Mexico, DF.
[4] CSA (Central Statistical Authority, Agricultural Sample Survey) (2017) Report on the area and major production for major crops of Private peasant holdings. Addis Ababa Ethiopia.
[5] CSA Central Statistical Authority Agricultural Sample Survey (2015) Central Statistical Agency Report on area and production of crops. Statistical Bulletin 589. Addis Ababa.
[6] Eyasu Elias. 2016. Soils of Ethiopian highlands, Geomorphology and properties.
[7] Ezeaku and Mohammed, 2006. Character association and path analysis in grain sorghum. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 5 (14), pp. 1337-1340.
[8] Gebremeskel G, Egziabher YG, Solomon H (2017) Response of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L Moench varieties to blended fertilizer on yield and yield component and nutritional content under irrigation in Raya valley Northern Ethiopia. International Journal of Agriculture and Biosciences 6: 153-162.
[9] Gebreslassie Hailu, Mohammed Kedir. Effect of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer Rates on Yield and Yield Components Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) at Kersa Woreda of Oromia Region. International Journal of Bioorganic Chemistry. Vol. 7, No. 1, 2022, pp. 23-29. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbc.20220701.14.
[10] Geremew G, Asfaw A, Taye T, Tesfaye T, Ketema B, et al.(2004) Development of sorghum varieties and hybrids for dry land areas of Ethiopia. Uganda Journal of Agricultural Science 9: 594-605.
[11] Gomez, K. A. and A. A Gomez, 1984. Statistical procedures for Agricultural Research (2nd ed.) John Wiley and Sons Inc., New York.
[12] Malik, M. A., A. C. Mumtaz, Z. K. Haroon and M. A. Wahid, 2006. Growth and yield response of soybean (Glycin max L.) to seed inoculation and varying P levels. J. Agric. Res. 44 (1): 155-161.
[13] Masebo, N. and Menamo, M. (2016). The effect of application of different rate of N-P Fertilizers rate on yield and yield components of sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor): Case of Derashe Woreda, Snnpr, Ethiopia. Journal of Natural Sciences Research, 6 (5): 88-94.
[14] Olanite, J. A., Anele, U. Y., Arigbede, O. M., Jolaosho, A. O. and Onifade, O. S. (2010). Effect of plant spacing and nitrogen fertilizer levels on the growth, dry-matter yield and nutritive quality of columbus grass (Sorghum Almum Stapf) In Southwest Nigeria. Grass Forage Science, 65 (4): 369 375.
[15] Rabinowitch, H. D. and Kamenetsky, R. (2002). Shallot (Alliumcepa, Agrigatum group). In: Rabinowitch HD, CurrahL, eds. Allium Crop Science: Recent Advances. CABI Publishing, London. pp. 409-430.
[16] SAS Institute, Inc, 2012. The SAS System for Window Release 9. 3; SAS Institute, Inc. Cary, NC, USA.
[17] Sebnie, W. and Mengesha, M. (2018). Response of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer rate for sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) production in Wag-Lasta area of Ethiopia. Archives of Agriculture and Environmental Science, 3 (2): 180-186, https://dx. doi.org/10.26832/24566632.2018.030201
[18] SLMP (Sustainable Land Management Project), 2009. Sustainable land management project manual. community and subwatershed management plan. Unpublished. Pp 6-11.
[19] Taye T (2013) Sorghum production technologies training manual. Ethiopianan Agricultural Research Organization EARO Melkassa Research Center Nazareth, Ethiopia 5-45.
[20] Zafar, M., M. Maqsood, R. Anser and Z. Ali, 2003. Growth and yield of lentil as affected by phosphorus. Int. J. Agri. Biol., 5: 1.
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    Mohammed Kedir, Gebreslassie Hailu, Bikila Takala. (2023). Response of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) to Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer Rates in Omo Nada District of Jimma Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia. Modern Chemistry, 11(2), 49-54. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.mc.20231102.12

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    ACS Style

    Mohammed Kedir; Gebreslassie Hailu; Bikila Takala. Response of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) to Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer Rates in Omo Nada District of Jimma Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia. Mod. Chem. 2023, 11(2), 49-54. doi: 10.11648/j.mc.20231102.12

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    AMA Style

    Mohammed Kedir, Gebreslassie Hailu, Bikila Takala. Response of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) to Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer Rates in Omo Nada District of Jimma Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia. Mod Chem. 2023;11(2):49-54. doi: 10.11648/j.mc.20231102.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.mc.20231102.12,
      author = {Mohammed Kedir and Gebreslassie Hailu and Bikila Takala},
      title = {Response of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) to Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer Rates in Omo Nada District of Jimma Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia},
      journal = {Modern Chemistry},
      volume = {11},
      number = {2},
      pages = {49-54},
      doi = {10.11648/j.mc.20231102.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.mc.20231102.12},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.mc.20231102.12},
      abstract = {Soil fertility is one of the major production constraints in Ethiopia. The deficiency of nitrogen and phosphorus is the main factor that severely reduces the yield of sorghum. As a result, a field experiment was carried out at Omo Nada in 2015/2016 during the cropping season to evaluate the response of various levels of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) fertilizer using sorghum. The treatments consisted of factorial combinations of four rates each of N (0, 23, 46, and 69 kg N ha-1) and P (0, 11.5, 23, and 34.5 kg ha-1 P2O5) laid down in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. For data analysis, the correlation coefficient and ANOVA were used. The result showed that the yield and yield components of the sorghum crop were a highly significant response to the impacts of inorganic N-P fertilizer nutrients. Parameters such as plant height, head weight, grain yield, biomass yield, stover yield, and harvest index were statistically significantly different for nitrogen and phosphorus at different fertilizer rates. In addition, highly significant and positive correlations of grain yield with yield components were observed, especially for plant height (r=0.57**), head weight (r=0.85***), biomass yield (r=0.89***), and stover yield (r=0.75***). This result revealed that the maximum value of grain yield (3916.7 kg ha-1) was obtained from 69/11.5 kg ha-1 NP fertilizer, while the minimum value of grain yield (2286.2 kg ha-1) was obtained from the control. Compared to the control treatment, the highest rate of N/P (69/11.5 kg ha-1) increased sorghum grain yield by nearly 71.32%. It is concluded that nitrogen and phosphorus at the rates of 69 kg ha-1 N and 11.5 kg ha-1 P2O5 have the best performance in obtaining the maximum grain yield of the sorghum crop. Therefore, the application of 69/11.5 N P kg ha-1 fertilizer rate was recommended for better sorghum production and economic return in Nitisols of Omo Nada district southwestern Ethiopia.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Response of Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) to Nitrogen and Phosphorus Fertilizer Rates in Omo Nada District of Jimma Zone, Southwestern Ethiopia
    AU  - Mohammed Kedir
    AU  - Gebreslassie Hailu
    AU  - Bikila Takala
    Y1  - 2023/07/06
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.mc.20231102.12
    DO  - 10.11648/j.mc.20231102.12
    T2  - Modern Chemistry
    JF  - Modern Chemistry
    JO  - Modern Chemistry
    SP  - 49
    EP  - 54
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2329-180X
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.mc.20231102.12
    AB  - Soil fertility is one of the major production constraints in Ethiopia. The deficiency of nitrogen and phosphorus is the main factor that severely reduces the yield of sorghum. As a result, a field experiment was carried out at Omo Nada in 2015/2016 during the cropping season to evaluate the response of various levels of nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) fertilizer using sorghum. The treatments consisted of factorial combinations of four rates each of N (0, 23, 46, and 69 kg N ha-1) and P (0, 11.5, 23, and 34.5 kg ha-1 P2O5) laid down in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications. For data analysis, the correlation coefficient and ANOVA were used. The result showed that the yield and yield components of the sorghum crop were a highly significant response to the impacts of inorganic N-P fertilizer nutrients. Parameters such as plant height, head weight, grain yield, biomass yield, stover yield, and harvest index were statistically significantly different for nitrogen and phosphorus at different fertilizer rates. In addition, highly significant and positive correlations of grain yield with yield components were observed, especially for plant height (r=0.57**), head weight (r=0.85***), biomass yield (r=0.89***), and stover yield (r=0.75***). This result revealed that the maximum value of grain yield (3916.7 kg ha-1) was obtained from 69/11.5 kg ha-1 NP fertilizer, while the minimum value of grain yield (2286.2 kg ha-1) was obtained from the control. Compared to the control treatment, the highest rate of N/P (69/11.5 kg ha-1) increased sorghum grain yield by nearly 71.32%. It is concluded that nitrogen and phosphorus at the rates of 69 kg ha-1 N and 11.5 kg ha-1 P2O5 have the best performance in obtaining the maximum grain yield of the sorghum crop. Therefore, the application of 69/11.5 N P kg ha-1 fertilizer rate was recommended for better sorghum production and economic return in Nitisols of Omo Nada district southwestern Ethiopia.
    VL  - 11
    IS  - 2
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Jimma, Ethiopia

  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Jimma, Ethiopia

  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Jimma Agricultural Research Center, Jimma, Ethiopia

  • Section