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Research Article |

Pig Farming Practices in the Urban and Peri-urban Areas of N'Djamena, Chad

The study aimed to determine pig farming practices in urban and peri-urban areas of N'Djamena. The research was conducted through retrospective and cross-sectional surveys involving 110 pig farmers and 2206 pigs. Data collected focused on the profiles of the farmers, herd origin and structure, farm management, reproductive performance of sows, constraints faced by farmers, and their perspectives on improvement. Data collected were analyzed using XL-STAT software (version 6.1.9). The study showed that most pig farmers were men, around 40 years old, married, and had secondary-level education. The majority of pigs reared were purchased (90.91%). The pigs were either allowed to divagation (45.45%) or kept in a combination of confinement and divagation (54.55%), using traditional habitats (93.64%). Breeding was conducted randomly (without selecting specific breeding animals). The average herd size was 20.03 ± 0.91 pigs, with sows being the most populated. The most prevalent challenges were related to feeding and neighborhood issues. Most breeders (77.27%) conduct health monitoring of their animals, while (22.73%) do not. Breeders in urban areas use veterinary products or consult a veterinarian more than other caregivers. Live pigs were sold to local customers in their homes. Most of the income generated from these sales was used to support the breeders’ families, while a small portion was used to purchase other animals. Expanding farming operations was the most expressed perspective among respondents. However, monitoring reproductive performances is necessary to determine actual performance and to conclude this study.

Farming Practices, Pig, Urban Area, Peri-Urban Area, N'Djamena, Chad

APA Style

Dassidi, N., Tellah, M., Yamibé, D., Logtene, Y. M. (2023). Pig Farming Practices in the Urban and Peri-urban Areas of N'Djamena, Chad. Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 11(6), 160-167. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.avs.20231106.14

ACS Style

Dassidi, N.; Tellah, M.; Yamibé, D.; Logtene, Y. M. Pig Farming Practices in the Urban and Peri-urban Areas of N'Djamena, Chad. Anim. Vet. Sci. 2023, 11(6), 160-167. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20231106.14

AMA Style

Dassidi N, Tellah M, Yamibé D, Logtene YM. Pig Farming Practices in the Urban and Peri-urban Areas of N'Djamena, Chad. Anim Vet Sci. 2023;11(6):160-167. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20231106.14

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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