American Journal of BioScience

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Effects of Supplementation with Cajanus Cajan, Lablab Purpureus and Cowpea on Feed Intake, Growth and Carcass Characteristics of Male Black Head Sheep Fed a Basal Diet of Rhodes Grass

An experiment was carried out using twenty eight male black head sheep with an average initial body weight 19.91±0.2 kg (mean±SEM) at Yabello Pastoral and Dryland Agriculture Research Center with the objective to investigate the effect of supplementation with Pigeon pea, Cowpea and Lablab on feed intake, body weight change and carcass parameters of black head sheep. The experiment was performed for one hundred five (105) days including with adaptation period of fifteen (15) days. A randomized complete block design (RCBD) was used. Four blocks of seven animals based on their initial body weight and the four treatments were randomly assigned to each animal in a block. The experiment layout consist of adlibitum feeding of Rhodes grass hay plus 200 g dry matter (DM) of wheat bran for all groups and additional supplementation forage legumes with 312, 340 and 352g DM per head per day of T2, T3 and T4 provided respectively. Rhodes grass hay intake was significantly different (P<0.001) between forage supplemented and control experiment. Sheep in the control consumed more dry matter of Rhodes grass hay as compared to the legume supplemented groups. There were significant differences (P<0.001) in total dry matter, crude protein, Ash, Organic matter and fiber intakes between the control (T1) and forage legumes supplemented animals (T2, T3 and T4). Highest average daily weight gain 88.13g/d recorded in sheep supplemented with wheat bran (200 g/d) + lablab (312 g/d) and lowest average daily weight gain 26.68 g/d was recorded in control treatment. Feed conversion efficiency (FCE) was higher in T2 (P<0.11) in forage legumes supplemented sheep compared to the T1, T3 and T4. Supplementation of wheat bran and forage legumes change growth performance, feed conversion ratio and feed conversion efficiency of experimental sheep. The smallest hot carcass weight (8.71 kg) was recorded for sheep under control treatment, whereas the highest hot carcass weight (14.46 kg) was recorded for sheep in the supplemented with lablab (T2). Dressing percentage on slaughter weight (SW) base was significantly higher (P<0.001) in supplemented sheep than the control group. A significantly higher dressed carcass weight (P<0.001) was achieved in forage legumes supplemented sheep compared to the control. Higher ribs eye muscle area was observed in order of T2>T3>T4 compared to the control. Therefore, T2 indicate more profitable regarding with growth performance as average daily weight gain, final body weight gain, feed conversion efficiency, carcass weight and net return among the supplemented forage legumes.

Carcass, Cowpea, Lablab, Pigeon pea, Supplementation

APA Style

Sisay Kumsa, Bantayehu Muluneh, Woldegebriel Tesfamariam. (2023). Effects of Supplementation with Cajanus Cajan, Lablab Purpureus and Cowpea on Feed Intake, Growth and Carcass Characteristics of Male Black Head Sheep Fed a Basal Diet of Rhodes Grass. American Journal of BioScience, 11(5), 128-136. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajbio.20231105.13

ACS Style

Sisay Kumsa; Bantayehu Muluneh; Woldegebriel Tesfamariam. Effects of Supplementation with Cajanus Cajan, Lablab Purpureus and Cowpea on Feed Intake, Growth and Carcass Characteristics of Male Black Head Sheep Fed a Basal Diet of Rhodes Grass. Am. J. BioScience 2023, 11(5), 128-136. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20231105.13

AMA Style

Sisay Kumsa, Bantayehu Muluneh, Woldegebriel Tesfamariam. Effects of Supplementation with Cajanus Cajan, Lablab Purpureus and Cowpea on Feed Intake, Growth and Carcass Characteristics of Male Black Head Sheep Fed a Basal Diet of Rhodes Grass. Am J BioScience. 2023;11(5):128-136. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbio.20231105.13

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Adu, I. F., Fajemisin, B. A. and Adamu, A. M. (1990): The utilization of sorghum fed to sheep as influenced by urea or graded levels of lablab supplementation. National Animal Production Research Institute Ahmadu Bello University, Shika-Zaria.
2. Alemayehu, M. (1997): Conservation based forage development for Ethiopia. Institute for Sustainable Development. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 65p.
3. AlemuYami. 2008. Nutrition and feeding of sheep and goats. In: Alemu Y and R. C. Merkel (eds.) Sheep and goat production handbook. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, pp 103-159.
4. Anele, U. Y., Arigbede, O. M., Südekum, K.-H., Ike, K. A., Olanite, J. A., Amole, G. A., Dele, P. A. and Jolaosho, A. O. (2010): Effects of Processed Cowpea (Vignaunguiculata L. Walp.) haulms as a feed supplement on voluntary intake, utilization and blood profile of West Africa Dwarf sheep fed a basal diet of Pennisetumpurpreum in the dry season. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 159: 457–462.
5. Asnakew Awoke. 2007. Feed Intake, Live Weight Gain and Carcass Yield Characteristics of Intact Hararghe Highland Male Goats Fed on Different Hay to Concentrate Ratios. East African Journal of Sciences. Volume 1 (1) 45-54.
6. Assefu, G. (2012): Comparative feedlot performance of Washera and Horro sheep fed different roughage to concentrate ratio. MSc. thesis presented to school of graduate studies of Haramaya University, Ethiopia, 68p.
7. Awet, E. (2007): Feed utilization, body weight change and carcass parameters of intact and castrated Afar sheep fed on urea treated teff straw supplemented with wheat bran. MSc. thesis presented to school of graduate studies of Haramaya University, Ethiopia, 70p.
8. Baloyi, J. J., Ngongoni, N. T. and Hamudikuwanda. H. (2008): The effect of feeding forage legumes as nitrogen supplement on growth performance of sheep. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 40: 35-67.
9. Belete, S., Abubeker, H., Abule, E. and Nura, A. (2012): Performance Arsi Balekids supplemented with graded levels of pigeon pea in dry season in Mid Rift Valley of Ethiopia. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8 (20): 2366-2370.
10. Biru, K. (2008): Effects of supplementation with sweet potato tuber and haricot bean screenings on feed utilization, growth and carcass characteristics of Adilo sheep. MSc. thesis presented to the school of graduate studies of Alemaya University of Agriculture.
11. Coppock, D. 1994. The Borena plateau of southern Ethiopia: Synthesis of pastoral research development and change, 1980-91. ILCA (International Livestock Center for Africa), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia 5: 150-160.
12. Ermias, T. (2008): The effect of supplementation with barley bran, linseed meal and their mixtures on the performance of Arsi-Bale sheep fed a basal diet of faba bean haulms. An MSc. thesis presented to the school of graduate studies of Alemaya University of Agriculture, Alemaya, Ethiopia, 81p.
13. Fentie Bishaw. 2007. Effect of supplementation of hay with noug seed cake (Guizotia abyssinica), wheat bran and their mixtures on feed utilization, digestibility and live weight change in Farta sheep. 26p.
14. Gilmour, A. R., Cullis, J. J., Fogarty, N. M. and Banks, R. 1994. Genetic parameter for ultrasonic fat depth and eye muscle measurement in live poll Dorset sheep. Aust. J. of Agric. Res., 45: 1281-1291.
15. Getachew Assefa. 2005. Evaluation of forage yield and effect of forms of feeding of Acacia salignia on intake and live weight gain of Farta sheep fed on grass hay. An MSc ThesisHaramaya, University. Haramaya, 66p.
16. HunegnawAbebe and BerhanTamir. (2016). Effects of supplementation with pigeon pea (Cajanuscajun), cowpea (Vignaunguiculata) and lablab (Lablab purpureus) on feed intake, body weight gain and carcass characteristics in Black head sheep fed grass hay.. Int. J. Adv. Res. Biol. sci 3 (2): 280-295.
17. Jemberu, D. (2008): Effect of supplementation of Sidama sheep with graded levels of concentrate mix on feed intake, digestibility and live weight parameters. MSc. thesis presented to school of graduate studies of Haramaya University, Ethiopia, 44p.
18. Matiwos, S., Solomon, M. and Adugna, T. 2008. The effect of different levels of cottonseed meal supplementation on feed intake, digestibility, live weight changes, and carcass parameters of Sidama goats, Livestock Science, 119, 137–44.
19. McDonald, P. R. A. Edward, J. F. D. Greenhalgh and G. A. Morgan. 2002. Animal Nutrition 6th ed. Pearson Educational Limited. Edinburgh, Great Britain. Pp 544.
20. Minson, D. J. and R. Milford, 1967. The Voluntary intake and digestibility of diets containing different proportions of legumes and mature pangola (DigitariaDecumbens). Aus. J. Agri. 7, 547-551.
21. Mulu, M. 2005. Effect of feeding different levels of brewery dried grain on live Weight gain and carcass characteristic of Wogera sheep fed on basal diet. MS.c. Thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia.
22. SAS (Statistical Analysis System), 2002. SAS/STAT Guide to personal computers, Version 9. Statistical analysis system institute Inc., Nc. USA.
23. Simret Bistha. 2005. Supplementation of Graded Levels of Peanut Cake and Wheat Bran Mixture on Nutrient Utilization and Carcass Parameters of Somali Goats. M.Sc. Thesis, Haramaya university, Haramaya, Ethiopia.
24. Skerman, P. J. and Riveros, F. (1990): Tropical Grass Hays. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Rome, pp. 345-347.
25. Solomon, B., Solomon, M. and Alemu, Y. (2008): Potential use of crop residues as livestock feed resources under conditions of smallholder farmers in Bale highlands of Ethiopia. Tropical and Sub-tropical Agro-ecosystems, 8: 107-114. Upton, M. (1979): Farm Management in Africa: The Principle of Production and Planning. Oxford University Press, Great Britain. pp. 282-298.
26. Tesfay Hagos. 2007. Supplementation of afar rams with graded levels of mixtures of protein and energy sources: effects on feed intake, digestibility, and live weight and carcass parameters. MSc of Haramaya University, Haramaya. Ethiopia.
27. Upton, M. 1979. Farm Management in Africa: The Principle of Production and Planning. Oxford University Press, Great Britain, pp. 282-298.
28. Van Soest, P. J. (1994): Nutritional Ecology of Ruminants. 2nd Ed. Cornell University Press, London. 476p.