Volume 12, Issue 3, September 2023

  • The Impact of Private Sector Investment in the Manufacturing Industry on Growth and Unemployment in Iraq for the Period 2004-2021

    Saad Abd Ulkareem Hammad, Ali Darub Kassar Al Hiyali

    Issue: Volume 12, Issue 3, September 2023
    Pages: 83-92
    Received: 27 June 2023
    Accepted: 14 July 2023
    Published: 21 July 2023
    Abstract: The research aims to measure the impact of private sector investment in the manufacturing industry on economic growth and unemployment in Iraq for the period 2004-2021. One of the most important reasons for conducting the research is to know the results that can be achieved by the participation of the private sector in the manufacturing industry, a... Show More
  • A Methodical Approach to Optimization and Application of a Standard Factor of Overhead Costs

    Kulikova Tatyana Andreevna, Kirikutsa Elena Gennadievna, Sinyavin Vladimir Yurievich, Bareeva Irkyam Adgamovna

    Issue: Volume 12, Issue 3, September 2023
    Pages: 93-104
    Received: 5 May 2023
    Accepted: 19 July 2023
    Published: 1 September 2023
    Abstract: Improvement of cost management methods is an urgent problem nowadays due to increasing size and share of overhead costs of enterprises in modern conditions. This paper proposes a methodical approach to overhead cost management to find a compromise between cost optimization and differentiation in terms of developing flexible standards that are conne... Show More
  • The Effect of Micro-Credit on Rural Households’ Income in the Case of Sinana District, Bale Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia

    Gemechu Mulatu

    Issue: Volume 12, Issue 3, September 2023
    Pages: 105-111
    Received: 20 January 2023
    Accepted: 1 August 2023
    Published: 8 September 2023
    Abstract: Rural credit is one of the tools used to combat poverty. Credit enables smallholder farmers to purchase agricultural tools and inputs when cash is scarce. Therefore, the main objective of this study was to investigate the effect of access to credit on household’s income. Both primary and secondary data were utilized in this study. Primary data was ... Show More