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Profile of Households in the Bouake Northeast District Using Long-Lasting Impregnated Mosquito Nets (Llins) in 2019

Background: Malaria remains a continuing health problem in sub-Saharan Africa and its complications are more serious among children less than 5 years and pregnant women. In Côte d’Ivoire, its incidence was rising in the general population from 155‰ in 2016 to 229‰ in 2019. Universal coverage of LLIN in endemic countries still remain essential to contain malaria scourge. LLINs have been distributed gratis in different countries, in which majority of the citizens benefited by protection conferred by their usage. The issue of impregnated mosquito net use has been addressed by many authors from different angles. Public health measures are generally focused on people who do not always adhere to them. Better profiling of those who do comply with these measures and the reasons for their compliance would probably make it possible to reach a large number of the reluctant groups. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study conducted from July 2018 to February 2019 in the Bouaké Nord-Est district. The study population was made up of heads of households in the Bouaké commune or their substitutes (wife(s)). We proceeded by cluster sampling. Results: Of the 930 heads of households surveyed, 78.7% were male (sex ratio=3.7). The median age of heads of household was 38, with extremes of 19 and 70. Our respondents were shopkeepers, had no formal education, and were cohabiting in 75.3%, 64% and 77.5% of cases respectively. In 72.6% and 48.6% of cases respectively, puddles and grass covered the area around the homes of those surveyed. Fever was the main sign of malaria, according to 98.3% of subjects. The condition affected all family members and could be fatal, according to 91.6% and 98.8% of heads of household surveyed respectively. All family members slept under the net in 44.4% of cases. In 98.2% of cases, the number of cases of fever in the household had fallen since the net had been used. The rainy season was the period when the net was most used, according to 96.5% of those surveyed. LLINs protected against mosquito bites and prevented malaria in 98.3% and 92.4% of cases respectively. Conclusion: Malaria will continue to be the talk of the town for a long time to come, especially in tropical zones. environmental sanitation, which is the responsibility of both communities and authorities, will reinforce the action of the LLIN.

LLIN, Malaria, User, Côte d’Ivoire

APA Style

Kouassi Damus Paquin, Soumahoro Sory Ibrahim, Zika Kalou Dibert, Coulibaly M’Begnan, Yeo Salifou, et al. (2023). Profile of Households in the Bouake Northeast District Using Long-Lasting Impregnated Mosquito Nets (Llins) in 2019. World Journal of Public Health, 8(4), 266-271. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.wjph.20230804.13

ACS Style

Kouassi Damus Paquin; Soumahoro Sory Ibrahim; Zika Kalou Dibert; Coulibaly M’Begnan; Yeo Salifou, et al. Profile of Households in the Bouake Northeast District Using Long-Lasting Impregnated Mosquito Nets (Llins) in 2019. World J. Public Health 2023, 8(4), 266-271. doi: 10.11648/j.wjph.20230804.13

AMA Style

Kouassi Damus Paquin, Soumahoro Sory Ibrahim, Zika Kalou Dibert, Coulibaly M’Begnan, Yeo Salifou, et al. Profile of Households in the Bouake Northeast District Using Long-Lasting Impregnated Mosquito Nets (Llins) in 2019. World J Public Health. 2023;8(4):266-271. doi: 10.11648/j.wjph.20230804.13

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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