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An Analysis of the Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension in Ghana: A Systematic Review

The purpose of this paper is to analyze the prevalence and risk factors of hypertension in Ghana. Available records suggest a growing rise in hypertension prevalence in Ghana, accounting for close to 5% of the total admissions and about 15% of the total deaths in Ghana, The most common contributors to this increased prevalence include changing lifestyle and dietary choices as well as rural–urban migration. Other contributors to the issue include genetic predisposing factors and behavioural risk factors such as eating foods with high salt and fat content, low fruit and vegetable inclusion in diet, excessive alcohol use, positive perception of obesity, smoking, insufficient physical activity, poor management of stress and increasing life-expectancy. These risk factors are discussed under two main arms as; non-modifiable and modifiable risk factors. Employing a semi-systematic literature review research design, this paper reviews hypertension epidemiology in Ghana from an extensively large pool of research studies that investigate hypertension prevalence, medical therapy management and risk factor profile in Ghana. The main revelation from this work is the high prevalence of hypertension in specific groups with higher vulnerability such as women with low income, and the elderly with poor access to healthcare. This review also revealed a lack of a nationally representative, population-based dataset on hypertension in Ghana. This is of utmost importance to monitor the trends in hypertension prevalence across varied population demographics, socio-economic class, and time periods.

Hypertension, Cardiovascular Disease, Non-Communicable Disease, Risk Factors, Prevalence

APA Style

Jesse Kwaku Doe, Mercy Asaa Asiedu. (2023). An Analysis of the Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension in Ghana: A Systematic Review. World Journal of Public Health, 8(4), 261-265. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.wjph.20230804.12

ACS Style

Jesse Kwaku Doe; Mercy Asaa Asiedu. An Analysis of the Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension in Ghana: A Systematic Review. World J. Public Health 2023, 8(4), 261-265. doi: 10.11648/j.wjph.20230804.12

AMA Style

Jesse Kwaku Doe, Mercy Asaa Asiedu. An Analysis of the Prevalence and Risk Factors of Hypertension in Ghana: A Systematic Review. World J Public Health. 2023;8(4):261-265. doi: 10.11648/j.wjph.20230804.12

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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