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Treatment of Effluent Textile Using Nanofiltration: Study of Fouling and Antifouling

The textile industry is a large water consumer. As regulations become stringent and the cost of freshwater increases, reclamation of wastewater becomes more and more attractive. Membrane methods, including UF, MF and NF, belong to high-efficiency processes which can be competitive with traditional methods of water treatment. In this paper the nanofiltration membrane, has shown their effectiveness as a solution for the cleaning and recycling of textile effluents. Experiments demonstrated that membrane treatment is a very promising advanced treatment option for pollution control for textile industry effluents. However, the phenomenon of fouling seems to be their major disadvantage, thus causing a crucial reduction in productivity and a high cost of maintenance. Trying to contribute to the existing efforts to cure to this problem, our study is related to the analysis and the development of the parameters which assign the fouling and the cleaning of the NF membranes during the filtration of the textile effluents containing reactive dyes. This study enables us to get rid of this phenomenon, which occurs during the frontal filtration of the solutions containing a mixture of “dye-salt”. For this purpose, three theoretical models were compared. We concluded also that rapid cake formation occurred during initial filtration and caused an initial sharp decrease in permeate flux, and the most descriptive model is cake filtration. A regeneration efficiency index allows increasing the optimal conditions of this operation.

Nanofiltration, Fouling, Antifouling, Effluent Textile, Membrane

APA Style

Aouatef Boughdiri, Karim Kostantini, Mohamed Oussama Zouaghi, Ezzedine Ferjani. (2023). Treatment of Effluent Textile Using Nanofiltration: Study of Fouling and Antifouling. World Journal of Applied Chemistry, 8(2), 43-52. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.wjac.20230802.14

ACS Style

Aouatef Boughdiri; Karim Kostantini; Mohamed Oussama Zouaghi; Ezzedine Ferjani. Treatment of Effluent Textile Using Nanofiltration: Study of Fouling and Antifouling. World J. Appl. Chem. 2023, 8(2), 43-52. doi: 10.11648/j.wjac.20230802.14

AMA Style

Aouatef Boughdiri, Karim Kostantini, Mohamed Oussama Zouaghi, Ezzedine Ferjani. Treatment of Effluent Textile Using Nanofiltration: Study of Fouling and Antifouling. World J Appl Chem. 2023;8(2):43-52. doi: 10.11648/j.wjac.20230802.14

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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