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Research Article |

Comparison of Hybrid Arabica Coffee (Coffea arabica) Plants Regenerated from Seed, Tissue Culture and Cutting for Yield, Organoleptic and Biochemical Quality Characters

Coffee is consumed not only for its typical flavor but also for its stimulating effect and its health benefits. Arabica coffee is a stimulant beverage, source of foreign currency for Ethiopia and contributes more than 35% of the total export earnings. The Heterosis of these hybrid coffees had were 60% yield advantage as compared to pure-line cultivars. However, the seedlings’ sources of hybrid coffee were difficult to address the demands of stakeholders via seed due to segregation. Hybrid coffee seedling sources were raised via hand pollination, cutting and tissue culture methods. Hence, the issue stakeholders assumed that, tissue culture seedlings were similar to genetically modified organisms (GMO) rather than true to type issue. Therefore, to intervene in the perception of stakeholders experimental trials were applied on tissue culture, seed and cutting seedling sources at Jimma and Agaro for yield, organoleptic quality and biochemical contents. The result revealed that, there is no significant difference among mean treatments in all parameters of yield, organoleptic quality and biochemical contents within the range of yield and quality and biochemical Arabica coffee. Therefore, the hypotheses of true-to-type and diseases free planets were raised and maintained via the experimental results of means analysis among means of the treatments.

Organoleptic, Biochemical, Heterosis, True-to-Type

APA Style

Mengs, B., Alemayehu, D., Sualeh, A., Haile, T., Girma, B. (2023). Comparison of Hybrid Arabica Coffee (Coffea arabica) Plants Regenerated from Seed, Tissue Culture and Cutting for Yield, Organoleptic and Biochemical Quality Characters. Research & Development, 4(4), 150-154. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20230404.15

ACS Style

Mengs, B.; Alemayehu, D.; Sualeh, A.; Haile, T.; Girma, B. Comparison of Hybrid Arabica Coffee (Coffea arabica) Plants Regenerated from Seed, Tissue Culture and Cutting for Yield, Organoleptic and Biochemical Quality Characters. Res. Dev. 2023, 4(4), 150-154. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20230404.15

AMA Style

Mengs B, Alemayehu D, Sualeh A, Haile T, Girma B. Comparison of Hybrid Arabica Coffee (Coffea arabica) Plants Regenerated from Seed, Tissue Culture and Cutting for Yield, Organoleptic and Biochemical Quality Characters. Res Dev. 2023;4(4):150-154. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20230404.15

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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