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Understanding the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis: Empirical Evidence from Bangladesh

In the first quarter of the twenty-first century, the most substantial global concern is environmental contamination, and it has gained the prioritization of both the national and international community. Keeping in mind this crucial fact, this study conducted different statistical and econometrical methods to identify whether the gross national income of the country has a significant impact on electricity production from nonrenewable sources and different air pollutants like carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and methane emissions. Besides, the primary objective of this research was to analyze whether the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis holds for the examined variables. After analyzing different statistical properties of the variables, this study came to the conclusion that the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis holds for gross national income and carbon dioxide emission in Bangladesh in the short run as well as the long run. This study comes to this conclusion based on the findings of ordinary least square estimations; ARDL bound tests, short run causality analysis, the Error Correction Model, and other pre-diagnostic and post-diagnostic tests that have been employed in the structural model. Moreover, this study wants to demonstrate that the outline of gross national income and carbon dioxide emissions is in its initial stage of development and will increase up to the optimal peak. The compositional effect will then force the emission to decrease, and the environmental quality will be restored in the long run.

Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis, Carbon Dioxide Emission in Bangladesh, Gross National Income in Bangladesh, Auto Regressive Distributed Lag Model, Granger Causality, Error Correction Model

APA Style

Ashique Mahmud, Md. Ataul Gani Osmani, Shoria Sharmin, Swarajit Sarker, Neropoma dey Shampa. (2023). Understanding the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis: Empirical Evidence from Bangladesh. Research & Development, 4(2), 44-52.

ACS Style

Ashique Mahmud; Md. Ataul Gani Osmani; Shoria Sharmin; Swarajit Sarker; Neropoma dey Shampa. Understanding the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis: Empirical Evidence from Bangladesh. Res. Dev. 2023, 4(2), 44-52. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20230402.12

AMA Style

Ashique Mahmud, Md. Ataul Gani Osmani, Shoria Sharmin, Swarajit Sarker, Neropoma dey Shampa. Understanding the Environmental Kuznets Curve Hypothesis: Empirical Evidence from Bangladesh. Res Dev. 2023;4(2):44-52. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20230402.12

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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