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Cerebral Palsy in Childhood: Possible Relationship Between Nutritional Status and Gestational Age

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a term employed to define different physical disability syndromes. Children‘s nutritional status is highly related to their growth and general development. Gastrointestinal symptoms (GIS) are frequent and have influence on nutritional status (NS). It’s necessary to evaluate and treat these symptoms adequately to improve the NS. Generally, pre and perinatal risk factors are 85% of the causes and 35% of the cases are premature newborn. In this analytical, observational and cross-sectional study with retrospective data. It was included patients under 18 years with CP with GMFCS V with exclusive enteral nutrition, ambulatory patients in Hospital Nacional Profesor Alejandro Posadas from January to June 2021. The sample consisted of 36 patients with a median age of 66 months (pc 25 32-pc 75 133). 61% of the patients were born at term. 42% with a prenatal cause. The most frequent SGIs were constipation (33%) and GER (19%). The median for the P / E according to WHO was -2.7 SD (CI: -3.41 - 1.97) (underweight). 50% of them presented a P / E < 25th percentile (higher risk of morbidity and mortality). We conclude that patients with postnatal CP had a nutritional diagnosis of underweight, in comparison with the CP diagnosed pre and perinatally. It was evidenced that the severe underweight, which was evaluated using WHO tables, coincides with the low percentiles of the Brooks table, indicating a higher risk of morbidity and mortality in underweight patients.

Cerebral Palsy, Nutrition Assessment, Nutrition Therapy, Malnutrition

APA Style

De Nobili Lucía, Gómez Eliana. (2022). Cerebral Palsy in Childhood: Possible Relationship Between Nutritional Status and Gestational Age. Research & Development, 3(1), 28-33. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20220301.16

ACS Style

De Nobili Lucía; Gómez Eliana. Cerebral Palsy in Childhood: Possible Relationship Between Nutritional Status and Gestational Age. Res. Dev. 2022, 3(1), 28-33. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20220301.16

AMA Style

De Nobili Lucía, Gómez Eliana. Cerebral Palsy in Childhood: Possible Relationship Between Nutritional Status and Gestational Age. Res Dev. 2022;3(1):28-33. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20220301.16

Copyright © 2022 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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