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Perceptions of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mills) Producers, on Bacterial Wilt and Other Cultivation Constraints, in Major Production Areas in Mali

The tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill) is one of the most important vegetables in the world. It holds an important place in the human diet. Tomatoes are used in many traditional dishes in Mali. They are produced mainly in three regions which are: Koulikoro, Ségou and Sikasso. Despite its importance in the country, its production is subject to many constraints. In order to identify local knowledge on bacterial wilt and other constraints related to tomato cultivation in the major tomato production areas in Mali, a survey was conducted in these areas in 2018. The results of this survey show that the vast majority of tomato growers in the major production areas produce tomatoes between the months of December and March just after the cereal harvest. Several diseases were reported by the producers on the plots, but the most devastating was bacterial wilt (Ralstonia Solanacearum), of which all producers have knowledge. According to the producers the causes of bacterial wilt are multiple, it can be caused by acid soils, irrigation water, poor soils, termites etc. The damage is estimated at 100% yield loss by some growers and the majority believe that there is no treatment for R. solanacearum. Diseases were identified as major constraints to tomato production in Mali, specifically bacterial wilt.

Tomato, Bacterial Wilt, Ralstonia Solanacearum, Producer

APA Style

Abdoulaye Youssouf Camara, Aminata Dolo, Sory Sissoko, Mamadou Oumar Diawara, Seriba Ousmane Katile, et al. (2022). Perceptions of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mills) Producers, on Bacterial Wilt and Other Cultivation Constraints, in Major Production Areas in Mali. Research & Development, 3(1), 11-17. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20220301.13

ACS Style

Abdoulaye Youssouf Camara; Aminata Dolo; Sory Sissoko; Mamadou Oumar Diawara; Seriba Ousmane Katile, et al. Perceptions of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mills) Producers, on Bacterial Wilt and Other Cultivation Constraints, in Major Production Areas in Mali. Res. Dev. 2022, 3(1), 11-17. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20220301.13

AMA Style

Abdoulaye Youssouf Camara, Aminata Dolo, Sory Sissoko, Mamadou Oumar Diawara, Seriba Ousmane Katile, et al. Perceptions of Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mills) Producers, on Bacterial Wilt and Other Cultivation Constraints, in Major Production Areas in Mali. Res Dev. 2022;3(1):11-17. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20220301.13

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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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