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Exclusive and Early Initiation of Breastfeeding in Lagos Nigeria

Exclusive and early initiation of breastfeeding is reported to be decreasing globally, because of the changing role of women and the emergence of HIV/AIDs. Unfortunately, the current breastfeeding practices and challenges in these communities remain largely unknown. The aim of this study is to assess the breastfeeding practices of mothers in Lagos state. This is a cross-sectional community-based study in Lagos. Six hundred mothers were interviewed, using a structured questionnaire adapted from previous studies. The questionnaire was pretested before the main study. Data was managed with SPSS version 19.0. The knowledge of breastfeeding was adjudged adequate in 347 (57.8%) mothers. While 89.5% of mothers breastfed their babies for 3 to 26 months, the remaining 10.5% for because of maternal illness. Only 23.5% of mothers breastfed exclusively for 6 months. Mothers breast not producing enough milk (61.5%) and mother working (30.0%) were the reasons for not breastfeeding exclusively. Breastfeeding was initiated within 1 hour of delivery in 47.1% of mothers. Mothers breast not producing milk (61.5%) was the commonest reason for late initiation of breastfeeding. Plain pap (34.8%) and pap with milk (25.2%) were the common weaning food among the mothers. Respondent’s knowledge of breastfeeding was average and their attitude poor. Non production of enough breast milk by mother, maternal work and maternal illness were the major barriers to effective breastfeeding practice. Intensification of public education on breastfeeding, provision of alternatives in the context of maternal illness and baby friendly workplace are recommended.

Exclusive Breastfeeding, Practices, Early Initiation of Breastfeeding

APA Style

Lilian Ogochukwu Ezechi, Victoria Omonigho Otobo. (2022). Exclusive and Early Initiation of Breastfeeding in Lagos Nigeria. Research & Development, 3(1), 1-5.

ACS Style

Lilian Ogochukwu Ezechi; Victoria Omonigho Otobo. Exclusive and Early Initiation of Breastfeeding in Lagos Nigeria. Res. Dev. 2022, 3(1), 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20220301.11

AMA Style

Lilian Ogochukwu Ezechi, Victoria Omonigho Otobo. Exclusive and Early Initiation of Breastfeeding in Lagos Nigeria. Res Dev. 2022;3(1):1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20220301.11

Copyright © 2022 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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