Research & Development

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Pre-Extension Demonstration of Integrated-Aquaculture (Fish-Chicken-Vegetable) at Arbegona and Gedeb Woredas, Southern Ethiopia

Aquaculture is the production of aquatic organisms mainly fish, under controlled environment. Integrated aquaculture is one type of aquaculture by which it is integrated with other agricultural activities mainly, crop production and Livestock rearing. This demonstration work was done at Arbegona district of Sidama region and Gedeb district of Gedeo Zone, Southern Ethiopia from June 2017 to December 2020 to demonstrate the practice of integrated aquaculture using 6 farmer ponds and 2 farmers training centres, FTCs) ponds. The area of the fish ponds was 100m2. Nile tilapia seed with average stocking density of 10g were stocked in to ponds with a stocking density of 3 fish per square meter. Thirty Koek koek dual purposes Chicken were used to fertilize each fish pond. Two types of vegetables (Head cabbage and Carrot) were produced using fish pond water and pure river water. Data on final fish yield, egg production and vegetable yield were collected and cost profit analysis was done to compare and show the advantage of integrated aquaculture production over non-integrated aquaculture production. Farm visit was conducted during harvesting stage of the fish, vegetable and chicken using participant and neighboring farmers around the demonstration site. Farmers’ perception was collected from participant farmers. The quantitative data on yeild, cost profit analysis and farmers perception collectively showed that integrated aquaculture production is better than non-integrated aquaculture production in overall farm yield and profitability. Based on this demonstration result, it can be concluded that integrated aquaculture should be practiced in other dsitricts of Sidama region and Gedeo Zone to improve farm productivity around farmers’ garden.

Integrated-Aquacutre, Sidama Region, Gedeo Zone, Ethiopia

APA Style

Mekonen Debara, Merkine Bekele, Bereket Haji. (2021). Pre-Extension Demonstration of Integrated-Aquaculture (Fish-Chicken-Vegetable) at Arbegona and Gedeb Woredas, Southern Ethiopia. Research & Development, 2(4), 97-102.

ACS Style

Mekonen Debara; Merkine Bekele; Bereket Haji. Pre-Extension Demonstration of Integrated-Aquaculture (Fish-Chicken-Vegetable) at Arbegona and Gedeb Woredas, Southern Ethiopia. Res. Dev. 2021, 2(4), 97-102. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20210204.13

AMA Style

Mekonen Debara, Merkine Bekele, Bereket Haji. Pre-Extension Demonstration of Integrated-Aquaculture (Fish-Chicken-Vegetable) at Arbegona and Gedeb Woredas, Southern Ethiopia. Res Dev. 2021;2(4):97-102. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20210204.13

Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Adewumi, A. A., I. K. Adewumi and V. F. Olaleye, 2011. Livestock waste-menace: Fish wealth-solution. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology Vol. 5 (3), pp. 149-154.
2. Alam, M. R., M. A. Ali, M. A. Hossain, M. S. H. Molla, and F. Islam, 2009. Integrated approach of pond based farming systems for sustainable production and income generation. Bangladesh J. Agril. Res. Institute. pp. 577-584.
3. Alemu Lema and Abera Degebassa, 2013. Comparison of chemical fertilizer, fish offal’s fertilizer and manure applied to tomato and onion. African Journal of Agricultural Research Vol. 8 (3), pp. 274-278, 24.
4. Angel, D. and S. Freeman, 2009. Integrated aquaculture (INTAQ) as a tool for an ecosystem approach to them arine farming sector in the Mediterranean Sea. In D. Soto (ed.). Integrated mariculture: a global review. FAO Fisheries and Aquaculture Technical Paper. No. 529. Rome, FAO. pp. 133–183.
5. Beaven and Besiline, 2013. Comparative Study of Maize Bran and Chicken Manure as Fish Feed Supplement: Effects on Growth Rate of Oreochromis Niloticus in Pond Culture Systems, International Journal of Aquaculture, Vol. 3, No. 623-29.
6. Bwala, R. L. and E. Omoregie, 2009. Organic Enrichment of Fish Ponds: Application of Pig Dung vs. Tilapia Yield. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 8 (9): 1373-1379.
7. Chaudhari L. P., 2003. Sustainable use of natural resources for integrated aquaculture and agriculture: an Indian overview. In: CamardaD. (ed.), GrassiniL. (ed.). Local resources and global trades: Environments and agriculture in the Mediterranean region. Bari: CIHEAM, 2003. p. 187-195 (Options Méditerranéennes: Série A. Séminaires Méditerranéens; n. 57).
8. Daba Tugie, Alemayew Abebe and Megerssa Endebu, 2017. Potential of integrated fish-poultry-vegetable farming system in mitigating nutritional insecurity at small scale farmer’s level in East Wollega, Oromia, Ethiopia. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 2017; 5 (4): 377-382.
9. FAO, 2001. Integrated agriculture-aquaculture. A primer. FAO Fisheries tehnical paper 407. World Fish Center.
10. FAO, 2014. The state of world fisheries and aquaculture part I: World fisheres and aquaculture, Rome, Italy.
11. Kebede Alemu, 2003. The growth performance of Oreochromis niloticus L reared in fresh water ponds loaded with varying levels of Poultry manure. SINET: Ethiop. J. Sci., 26 (1): 17–23.
12. Lemma Abera Hirpo, 2017. Evaluation of integrated poultry-fish-horticulture production in Arsi Zone, Ethiopia. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 2017; 5 (2): 562-565.
13. Mlejnkova, H., Sovova, K., 2012. Impact of fi sh pond manuring on microbial water quality. Acta univ. agric. et silvic. Mendel. Brun., 2012, LX, No. 3, pp. 117–124.
14. Mohammed Ibrahim Garade, Tadesse Megersa and Haile Ketema, 2016. Poverty Alleviation through Integrated Pond Fish Farming with Poultry and Vegetables Production at Small Scale Farmers’ in Dilla Zuria Woreda, Southern Ethiopia. Journal of Poverty, Investment and Development. Vol. 24.
15. Nguyen Van Huong, Tran Huu Cuong, Tran Thi Nang Thu and Philippe Lebailly, 2018. Efficiency of Different Integrated Agriculture Aquaculture Systems in the Red River Delta of Vietnam. Sustainability 2018, 10, 493; doi: 10.3390/su10020493.
16. Niwooti Whangchai, Wittaya Tawong, Supranee Wigraiboon, Tomoaki Itayama, Takashi Kuwabarac and Norio Iwami, 2008. Effects of manure fertilizer on off-flavor substances in water and sediment from Tilapia ponds. 8th International Symposium on Tilapia in Aquaculture 2008, 173.
17. Ofori, J. K., 2000. Status and trends in integrated agriculture-aquaculture in Ghana, p. 36-37. In E. K Abban, C. M. V: Casal, T. M. Falk and R. S. V: Pullin (eds.) Biodiversity and sustainable use offish in the coastal zone. ICLARM Conf. Proc. 63, 71 p.
18. Ogello, E. O., F. T. Mlingi, B. M. Nyonje, H. Charo-Karisa and J. M. Munguti, 2013. Can integrated Livestock-fish culture be a solution to east Africaʼs food insecutity? A REVIEW. African journal of food, agriculture, nutrition and development. Volume 13, No. 4.
19. Prein, M., 2002. Integration of aquaculture into crop–animal systems in Asia. ELSEVEIR. Agricultural Systems 71 (2002) 127–146.
20. Pretty J. N., Morison J. L., Hine R. E. 2003. Reducing food poverty by increasing agricultural sustainability in developing countries. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment 95, 217-234.
21. Rahman, H. Md., Md. Abu Zafar, Md. Afzal Hossain and Abu Syed Md. Kibria, 2018. Present status of integrated aquaculture in some selected areas of Nilphamari District in Bangladesh. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 2018; 6 (2): 290-295.
22. Samson Debebe Sime, 2017. Studies on growing fish farming practices inselected districts of SNNPRS, Ethiopia. American-Eurasian J. Agric. & Environ. Sci., 17 (2): 155-160.
23. Shoko, A. P., A. Getabu, G. Mwayuli and Y. D. Mgaya, 2011. Growth performance, yields and economic benefits of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus and kales, Brassica oleracea cultured under vegetable-fish culture integration. Tanz. J. Sci. Vol. 37.