Optics

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Green Synthesis and Characterization of Platinum Nanoparticles

The noble metal of platinum nanoparticles (PtNPs) with attractive physicochemical properties would hold great promise in various fifield of catalysis, electro analytica, biomedical applications, chemical industry and biosensor. However, it still existed a great challenges in controlling its particle size, morphology and structure. Here, we developed an environmentally friendly, facile, cost-effective, and nontoxic approach for green synthesis of platinum nanochains and platinum nanopetals under ambient conditions in a shorter reaction time. Platinum nanoparticles was prepared by hydrothermal method, and the platinum nanopetals was synthesized by self-assembly on the basis of platinum nanochains sol. The synthesis process of platinum nanoparticles was monitored and analyzed by a UV-visible spectrophotometer and the stability of the synthesized products was scientifically evaluated. In addition, the micromorphology, crystal structure, valence state and characteristic absorption peaks of the products were characterized by transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), UV-vis absorption spectras (UV-vis) and zeta potential, respectively. These characterization results inferred that platinum nanochains were well distributed with small spherical shape in single particle with average particle sizes of around 3 nm, platinum nanopetals with diameter of 20 nm. And their UV characteristic absorption peaks remained constant for 90 days at 4°C. This work output can acts as a valuable experience for other relevant researchers towards the synthesis, characterization and application formation.

Synthesis, Platinum Nanochains, Platinum Nanopetals, Characterization

APA Style

Fei Zhang, Rencai Ye, Xia Hua. (2022). Green Synthesis and Characterization of Platinum Nanoparticles. Optics, 11(1), 1-4. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.optics.20221101.11

ACS Style

Fei Zhang; Rencai Ye; Xia Hua. Green Synthesis and Characterization of Platinum Nanoparticles. Optics. 2022, 11(1), 1-4. doi: 10.11648/j.optics.20221101.11

AMA Style

Fei Zhang, Rencai Ye, Xia Hua. Green Synthesis and Characterization of Platinum Nanoparticles. Optics. 2022;11(1):1-4. doi: 10.11648/j.optics.20221101.11

Copyright © 2022 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Pugazhendhi, A., Edison, T. N. J. I., Karuppusamy, I., & Kathirvel, B. (2018). Inorganic nanoparticles: a potential cancer therapy for human welfare. International Journal of Pharmaceutics. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2018.01.034.
2. Jameel, M S., Aziz, A A., Dheyab, M A. (2020). Green synthesis: Proposed mechanism and factors influencing the synthesis of platinum nanoparticles. Green Processing and Synthesis. doi: 10.1515/gps-2020-0041.
3. Chen, L., Wang, N., Wang, X., & Ai, S. (2013). Protein-directed in situ synthesis of platinum nanoparticles with superior peroxidase-like activity, and their use for photometric determination of hydrogen peroxide. Microchimica Acta. doi: 10.1007/s00604-013-1068-6.
4. Kora, A. J., & Rastogi, L. (2018). Peroxidase activity of biogenic platinum nanoparticles: a colorimetric probe towards selective detection of mercuric ions in water samples. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical. doi: 10.1016/j.snb.2017.07.108.
5. Nadaroglu, H., Gungor, A. A., Ince, S., & Babagil, A. (2017). Green synthesis and characterisation of platinum nanoparticles using quail egg yolk. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy. doi: 10.1016/j.saa.2016.05.023.
6. Pedone, D., Moglianetti, M., De Luca, E., Bardi, G., & Pompa, P. P. (2017). Platinum nanoparticles in nanobiomedicine. Chemical Society Reviews. doi: 10.1039/c7cs00152e.
7. Berghian-Grosan, C., Radu, T., Biris, A. R., Dan, M., Voica, C., Watanabe, F., ... & Vulcu, A. (2020). Platinum nanoparticles coated by graphene layers: A low-metal loading catalyst for methanol oxidation in alkaline media. Journal of Energy Chemistry. doi: org/10.1016/j.jechem.2019.03.003.
8. Sun, Y., Chen, C., Liu, J., & Stang, P. J. (2020). Recent developments in the construction and applications of platinum-based metallacycles and metallacages via coordination. Chemical Society Reviews. doi: 10.1039/d0cs00038h.
9. Rottenberg, S., Disler, C., & Perego, P. (2021). The rediscovery of platinum-based cancer therapy. Nature Reviews Cancer. doi.org/10.1038/ s41568-020-00308-y.
10. Naseer, A., Ali, A., Ali, S., Mahmood, A., Kusuma, H. S., Nazir, A., & Iqbal, M. (2020). Biogenic and eco-benign synthesis of platinum nanoparticles (Pt NPs) using plants aqueous extracts and biological derivatives: environmental, biological and catalytic applications. Journal of Materials Research and Technology. doi: 10.1016/j.jmrt.2020.06.013.
11. Jeyaraj, M., Gurunathan, S., Qasim, M., Kang, M. H., & Kim, J. H. (2019). A Comprehensive Review on the Synthesis, haracterization, and Biomedical Application of Platinum Nanoparticles. Nanomaterials. doi: 10.3390/nano9121719.
12. Fahmy, S. A., Preis, E., Bakowsky, U., & Azzazy, H. M. E. S. (2020). Platinum nanoparticles: Green synthesis and biomedical applications. Molecules. doi: 10.3390/molecules25214981.
13. Zhang, F., Yong, L., Hua, X., You, F., Wang, B., Feng, Y. L., & Mao, L. (2021). Noble-metal nanoparticle labelling multiplex miRNAs by ICP-MS readout with internal standard isotopes of 115In and 209Bi. Analyst. doi: 10.1039/d0an01975e.
14. Khan, I., Saeed, K., & Khan, I. (2019). Nanoparticles: Properties, applications and toxicities. Arabian journal of chemistry. doi: 10.1016/j.arabjc.2017.05.011.
15. Sadrolhosseini, A. R., Habibiasr, M., Shafie, S., Solaimani, H., & Lim, H. N. (2019). Optical and thermal properties of laser-ablated platinum nanoparticles graphene oxide composite. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. doi: 10.3390/ijms20246153.