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Raman and Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy of Fatty Acids and Lipids

The goal of this thesis was to study, determine, and measure Raman and surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) of fatty acids and lipids. Firstly, the Raman measurement was done using silver substrate where the activation process was achieved by focusing crystals of green laser radiation 5 mW power at 5 minutes on the silver substrate. The Raman measurement again was done using Invia Raman Spectroscopy with 514 nm excitation and objective 100x magnification where the samples to be measured were incubated using RH6G (good signal analyzer). After the incubation process, the samples were rinsed with water and allowed to dry for 5 minutes where ten samples of fatty acids and lipids were measured, recorded, saved and baseline of the spectra’s were corrected using matlab codes and averaged. Secondly the SERS measurement was done by growing silver chloride nanoparticle on the silver substrate where the substrate was dipped in a precursor solution of silver nitrate and sodium chloride in a cyclic process. The photosensitive silver chloride crystals were reduced into silver nanoparticles using laser light from the Invia Raman spectroscopy. The SERS measurement was done by depositing the fatty acids and lipids to be measured on the spot which contains the silver nanoparticle recorded the values, saved and baseline of the spectra’s corrected using MatLab codes and averaged. This thesis work reveals that, the peaks obtained by the Raman and SERS measurement originated from the double bonds which was used to identify saturated and unsaturated fatty acids and lipids from one another. The study reveals that, the Raman measurement occurs at higher concentrations whereas the SERS measurement occurs at lower concentrations. The study reveals that the SERS measurement depends on the nature of the analyte, integration time, shape, size and laser power whereas the Raman measurement depends on the surface area and laser power. Lastly, the study reveals that the 514 nm excitation was negligible to efficiently execute the surface Plasmons of the SERS measurement.

Spectroscopy, Raman Spectroscopy, Surface Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy, Plasmonic, Substrate

APA Style

Eric Amankwa. (2021). Raman and Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy of Fatty Acids and Lipids. Optics, 10(1), 7-22. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.optics.20211001.12

ACS Style

Eric Amankwa. Raman and Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy of Fatty Acids and Lipids. Optics. 2021, 10(1), 7-22. doi: 10.11648/j.optics.20211001.12

AMA Style

Eric Amankwa. Raman and Surface-Enhanced Raman Spectroscopy of Fatty Acids and Lipids. Optics. 2021;10(1):7-22. doi: 10.11648/j.optics.20211001.12

Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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