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Lambda-type Three-Level Laser Coupled to Squeezed Vacuum Reservoir

The squeezing, entanglement, and statistical properties of light produced by lambda-type three-level laser coupled to squeezed vacuum reservoir have been studied. We have determined the quadrature variances mean as well as variance photon number photon for cavity modes with the aid of the solutions of c-number Langevin equations associated with the normal order. The results show that the light produced by the system under consideration in squeezed state. The squeezed vacuum reservoir enhances both the quadrature squeezing and mean photon numbers. In addition, the mean photon number of mode b is greater than that of a if more atoms injected with state |a>. We have calculated the quadrature variances of the cavity modes, the result shows that the light produced by the system under consideration is in squeezed state and the squeezing occurs in the minus quadrature. The result also shows that the effect of the squeezed vacuum reservoir is not only enhancing the degree of squeezing for the light modes but also to generate the photons for the system under consideration. The system produce entangled two mode light that increase with η and linear gain coefficient but decrease with squeezing parameters. The correlation function of the two modes decreases as η, the linear gain coefficient and increase with squeezing parameter.

Entanglement, EPR, LASER, Photon Statistics

APA Style

Takele Teshome, Gomera Biyazn, Misrak Gatahun. (2021). Lambda-type Three-Level Laser Coupled to Squeezed Vacuum Reservoir. Optics, 10(1), 1-6. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.optics.20211001.11

ACS Style

Takele Teshome; Gomera Biyazn; Misrak Gatahun. Lambda-type Three-Level Laser Coupled to Squeezed Vacuum Reservoir. Optics. 2021, 10(1), 1-6. doi: 10.11648/j.optics.20211001.11

AMA Style

Takele Teshome, Gomera Biyazn, Misrak Gatahun. Lambda-type Three-Level Laser Coupled to Squeezed Vacuum Reservoir. Optics. 2021;10(1):1-6. doi: 10.11648/j.optics.20211001.11

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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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