Journal of Plant Sciences

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Participatory Varietal Selection Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Meonch) for Mid-Land Areas of East Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia

Participatory varietal selection (PVS), which was used on sorghum in the East Hararghe, Ethiopia, has demonstrated success in identifying a greater number of farmer-preferred varieties in less time. The study's goals were to assess and choose improved sorghum varieties based on agronomic, yield, and yield parameter performance as well as farmer preferences. Eleven (11) Sorghum varieties including one local check were evaluated in RCBD with three replications at Meta and Kurfa Chale districts of East Hararghe zone in 2018, 2019 and 2020 main cropping season. According to their preferences and selection criteria, such as early maturity, bird damage, plant biomass, grain color and size, disease resistance, head size, and predicted yield, farmers were asked to rank the first five improved varieties out of 10 and one local varieties. Farmers thus favored the sorghum cultivars Adele, Dibaba, Gemedi, Chiro, Dano, and local check respectively. Days to flowering, Days to maturity, plant height, grain yield, and disease score were all recorded. The combined analysis' findings showed that the examined types differed significantly in all of the attributes. Therefore, Adele (42.74 Qt ha-1) produced the maximum yield, followed by Dibaba (40.45 Qt ha-1), Gemedi (40.09 Qt ha-1), and Dano (35.62 Qt ha-1), whereas Muyra-2 (30.36 Qt ha-1), and Jiru (31.55 Qt ha-1), respectively, produced the lowest yields. The results also revealed that farmers’ preferences in most cases coincide with the researchers’ selection. Based on the result of analyzed data and the farmers’ preference, the first three sorghum varieties namely; Adele, Dibaba and Gemedi were recommended for the farmers of the study area and similar agro-ecologies of East Hararghe mid altitude and similar agro-ecologies. Therefore, the selected varieties would be multiplied and distributed to the farmers in order to improve adoption and varietal diversity.

Sorghum, Selection Criteria, Varieties, Farmers’

APA Style

Zeleke Legesse, Jifara Gudeta, Fikadu Tadesse, Alemayehu Biri, Hussein Abro, et al. (2023). Participatory Varietal Selection Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Meonch) for Mid-Land Areas of East Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia. Journal of Plant Sciences, 11(5), 155-159.

ACS Style

Zeleke Legesse; Jifara Gudeta; Fikadu Tadesse; Alemayehu Biri; Hussein Abro, et al. Participatory Varietal Selection Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Meonch) for Mid-Land Areas of East Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia. J. Plant Sci. 2023, 11(5), 155-159. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20231105.12

AMA Style

Zeleke Legesse, Jifara Gudeta, Fikadu Tadesse, Alemayehu Biri, Hussein Abro, et al. Participatory Varietal Selection Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Meonch) for Mid-Land Areas of East Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia. J Plant Sci. 2023;11(5):155-159. doi: 10.11648/j.jps.20231105.12

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. CSA (Central Statistical Agency). 2016. Agricultural sample survey 2015/2016: report on area and production of crops (private peasant holdings, main season), vol. 1. Addis Ababa: Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Central Statistical Agency.\
2. Rashid, S., 2010. Staple Food Prices in Ethiopia. Prepared for the COMESA policy seminaron “Variation in staple food prices: Causes, consequence and policy options, Maputo, Mozambique, 25-26 January 2010 under the African Agricultural Marketing Project (AAMP).
3. Asfaw S, Shiferaw B, Simtowe F, Lipper L (2012). Impact of modern agricultural technologies on smallholder welfare: Evidence from Tanzania and Ethiopia. Food Policy 37:283-295.
4. Beyene, A., Shimelis, H., Tongoona, P., Laing, M., & Mengistu, F. (2016). Genetic diversity of lowland sorghum landraces assessed by morphological and microsatellite markers. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 10(3), 291–298.
5. CSA (Central Statistics Agency) (2015). Report on Area and Crop Production Forecast for Major Crops. Statistical Bulletin. Volume. I. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, pp.12-50.
6. Gemechu, G., Adugna, A., Tadesse, T., Teferra, T., Belete, K., & Habte, H. (2004). Development of sorghum varieties and hybrids for dry land areas of Ethiopia. Uganda Journal of Agricultural Science, 9(3): 594–605.
7. Witcombe, J. R., Joshi, A., Joshi, K. D. &Sthapit, B. R. (1996). Farmer participatory cultivar improvement. I: Methods for varietal selection and breeding and their impact on biodiversity. Experimental Agriculture (this issue).
8. Bellon, M.R., 2002. Analysis of the Demand for Crop Characteristics by Wealth and Gender: A Case Study from Oaxaca, Mexico. In: Quantitative Analysis of Data from Participatory Methods in Plant Breeding, Bellon, M.R. and J. Reeves, (Eds.). CIMMYT, Mexico, DF., pp: 65-80.
9. Grisley, W. and Shamambo, M. (1993) An analysis of the adoption and diffusion of carioca beans in Zambia resulting from an experimental distribution of seed. Exp. Agric., 29: 379-386.
10. Joshi, K. D., Rana, R. B., Subedi, M., Kadayat, K. B. &Sthapit, B. R. (1996). Addressing diversity through farmer participatory variety testing and dissemination approach: A case study of Chaite rice in the Western Hills of Nepal. In Using Diversity. Proceedings of Conference on Using Diversity and Maintaining Genetic Resources on Farm. New Delhi, June, 1995. (Eds L. Sperling and M. L. Loevinsohn). International Development Research Centre, New Delhi. (in press).
11. Ceccarelli, S., Grando, S., Tutwiler, R., Baha, J., Martini, A. M., Salahieh, H., Goodchild, A., & Michael, M. (2000). A methodological study on participatory barley breeding. I. Selection Phase. Euphytica, 111(2): 91–104.
12. Walter simon de Boef, Marja Thijssen. 2007. Participatory tools working with crops, varieties and seeds. A guide for professionals applying participatory approaches.: https: // www. Research /publication/239846985
13. Abdella, H.A., 1991. Evaluation of exotic and lowland parental lines of sorghum (Sorghum bi color (l.)Monech) and their F1 hybrids at different environments.An M.Sc. Thesis (Agri.) University of Khartoum.
14. Mengistu, G., 2006. Heterosis and Combining ability in Ethiopian sorghum (sorghum bicolor (l.)Moench) landraces. An M.Sc. Thesis Presented to the School of Graduate Studies Haramaya University, Ethiopia.
15. Yirgu, M., 2012. Genetic gain in lowland sorghum [sorghum bicolor l.) Moench] varieties in Ethiopia An M.Sc. Thesis presented to the School of Graduate Studies ofHaramaya University, Ethiopia.
16. Alebachew, H., 2012. Participatory and Performance Evaluation of Improved Bread Wheat varieties in DeguaTembien and OflaWoredas of Tigray region. An MSc Thesis Presented to Haramaya University, Ethiopia.
17. Fentie, M., 2010. Participatory Evaluation and selection of improved finger millet varieties in north western Ethiopia. Inter. J. Plant Sci., 3(7): 141-146.
18. Buah, S.S., J.M. Kombiok, R.A.L. Kanton, N.N. Denwar, A. Haruna, A.N. Wiredu and M.S. Abdulai, 2010. Participatory Evaluation of Drought Tolerant Maize varieties in Guinea Savanna of Ghana using mother and baby trial. J. Sci. Tech. , 33(2): 12-23.