Journal of Photonic Materials and Technology

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

High Optical Reflection in Two-dimensional ZnO-Si Photonic Crystals Induced by Coupled Optical Micro-cavities

Photonic crystals can exhibit relevant optical properties when transmitting or reflecting a light beam. In particular in a two-dimensional photonic crystal the reflective properties can be of interest and consequently optimized for different technological applications such as tunable laser cavities, photovoltaic solar systems, and selective high reflection mirrors among many others. Taking this motivation into account, a study of the reflective optical properties of two-dimensional photonic crystals built on a hybrid substrate of ZnO:Si has been developed. The aim of the present research is to demonstrate the feasibility to control the optical reflectance spectra of a two-dimensional photonic crystal by the inclusion of an array of optical micro-cavities in a regular photonic structure. Moreover, in this research an explanation of the origin of the high optical reflectance predicted by numerical calculations and confirmed by experimental measurements in a photonic crystal that contains an array of micro-optical cavities is also given. The results of numerical calculations of the optical properties of one of the photonic crystals studied determined that the origin of the increase in its optical reflectance is the light emission from the silicon present in the ZnO-Si substrate where the photonic structure was built. Strong resonant modes of the optical electric field stablished mainly in silicon present in two types of resonant cavities recognized in the photonic crystal favor the stimulated emission of light that gives rise to the high optical reflectivity.

Photonic Crystals, Optical Cavity, Stimulated Emission, Purcell Factor

APA Style

José Antonio Medina-Vázquez, Evelyn Yamel González-Ramírez, José Guadalupe Murillo-Ramírez. (2021). High Optical Reflection in Two-dimensional ZnO-Si Photonic Crystals Induced by Coupled Optical Micro-cavities. Journal of Photonic Materials and Technology, 7(1), 8-15. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jmpt.20210701.12

ACS Style

José Antonio Medina-Vázquez; Evelyn Yamel González-Ramírez; José Guadalupe Murillo-Ramírez. High Optical Reflection in Two-dimensional ZnO-Si Photonic Crystals Induced by Coupled Optical Micro-cavities. J. Photonic Mater. Technol. 2021, 7(1), 8-15. doi: 10.11648/j.jmpt.20210701.12

AMA Style

José Antonio Medina-Vázquez, Evelyn Yamel González-Ramírez, José Guadalupe Murillo-Ramírez. High Optical Reflection in Two-dimensional ZnO-Si Photonic Crystals Induced by Coupled Optical Micro-cavities. J Photonic Mater Technol. 2021;7(1):8-15. doi: 10.11648/j.jmpt.20210701.12

Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Yablonovitch, E. (1987). Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics. Physical Review Letters, 58 (20), 2059.
2. John, S. (1987). Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices. Physical Review Letters, 58 (23), 2486.
3. Notomi M. (2010). Manipulating light with strongly modulated photonic crystals. Reports on Progress in Physics, 73 (9), 096501.
4. Edagawa K., Kanoko S., & Notomi M. (2008). Photonic Amorphous Diamond Structure with a 3D Photonic Band Gap. Physical Review Letters, 100 (1), 013901.
5. Pustai D. M., Sharkawy A., Shi S., & Prather D. W. (2002). Tunable photonic crystal microcavities. Applied Optics, 41 (26), 5574.
6. Chaisakul P., Marris-Morini D., Frigerio J., Chrastina D., Rouifed M.-S., Cecchi S., Crozat P., Isella G., & Vivien L. (2014). Integrated germanium optical interconnects on silicon substrates. Nature Photonics, 8 (6), 482-488.
7. Smit M., Van der Tol J., & Hill M. (2012). Moore’s law in photonics. Laser & Photonics Reviews, 6 (1), 1-13.
8. Kita S., Nozaki K., & Baba T. (2008). Refractive index sensing utilizing a cw photonic crystal nanolaser and its array configuration. Optic Express, 16 (11), 8174.
9. Abe H., Narimatsu M., Watanabe T., Furumoto T., Yokouchi Y., Nishijima Y., Kita S., Tomitaka A., Ota S., Takemura Y., & Baba T. (2015). Living-cell imaging using a photonic crystal nanolaser array. Optics Express, 23 (13), 17056.
10. Krauss T. F., & R. M. De La Rue. (1999). Photonic crystals in the optical regime—past, present and future. Progress in Quantum Electronics, 23 (2), 51-96.
11. Nellen P. M., Callegari V., & Bronnimann R. (2006). FIB-milling of photonic structures and sputtering simulation. Microelectronic Engineering, 83 (4-9), 1805–1808.
12. Postigo P. A., Prieto I., Muñoz-Camúñez L. E. & Llorens J. M. (2017). Optical coupling of double L7 photonic crystal microcavities for applications in quantum photonics, 19th International Conference on Transparent Optical Networks (ICTON), pp. 1-5.
13. Chow E., Lin S. Y., Johnson S. G., & Joannopoulos J. D. (2002). Transmission measurement of quality factor in two-dimensional photonic-crystal microcavity. Proceedings of SPIE, 4646, 199-204.
14. Sukhoivanov, I. A., & Guryev, I. V. (2009). Photonic Crystals: Physics and Practical Modeling (Berlin Heidelberg: Springer).
15. Joannopoulus, J. D., Johnson, S. G., Meade, R. D., & Winn, J. N. (2008). Photonic Crystals: Molding the Flow of Light (Princeton NJ USA: Princeton University Press).
16. Hennessy K., Badolato A., Winger M., Gerace D., Atatüre M., Gulde S., Fält S., Hu E. L., & Imamoğlu A. (2007). Quantum nature of a strongly coupled single quantum dot-cavity system. Nature, 445, 896–899.
17. Hughes S. (2007). Coupled-Cavity QED Using Planar Photonic Crystals. Physical Review Letters, 98 (8), 083603.
18. Majumdar A., Rundquist A., Bajcsy M., Dasika V. D., Bank S. R., & Vučković J. (2012). Design and analysis of photonic crystal coupled cavity arrays for quantum simulation. Physical Review B, 86 (19), 195312.
19. Murillo J. G., Rodríguez-Romero J., Medina-Vázquez J. A., González-Ramírez E. Y., Álvarez-Herrera C., & Gadsden H. (2020). Iridescence and thermal properties of Urosaurus ornatus lizard skin described by a model of coupled photonic structures. Journal of Physics Communications, 4, 015006.
20. Carrillo-Vázquez V. M., & Murillo J. G. (2015). Effect of patterned coupled optical micro-cavities in twodimensional Si-ZnO hybrid photonic structure. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 582, 012053.
21. Snyman LW, Xu K. & Polleux J.-L. (2020). Micron and Nano-Dimensioned Silicon LEDs Emitting at 650 and 750-850 nm Wavelengths in Standard Si Integrated Circuitry. IEEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 56, 1–10.
22. Dal Negro L., Cazzanelli M., Pavesi L., Ossicini S., Pacifici D., Franzó G., Pirolo F., & Iacona F. (2003). Dynamics of stimulated emission in silicon nanocrystals, 82 (26), 4636–4638.
23. Cohen-Tannoudji C., Dupont-Roc J., & Grynberg G. (1992) Atom-Photon Interactions: Basic Processes and Applications (New York: Wiley).
24. Englund D., Faraon A., Fushman I., Stoltz N., Petroff P., & Vučković J. (2007). Controlling cavity reflectivity with a single quantum dot. Nature, 450, 857-861.
25. Purcell E. M. (1946) Spontaneous Emission Probabilities at Radio Frequencies. Physical Review Letters, 69, 681.
26. Gerard J. M., & Gayral B. (1999). Strong Purcell effect for InAs quantum boxes in three-dimensional solid-state microcavities. Journal of Lightwave Technology, 17, 2089–2095.
27. Sanchis L., Cryan M. J., Pozo J., Craddock I. J., & Rarity J. G. (2007). Ultrahigh Purcell factor in photonic crystal slab microcavities. Physical Review B, 76 (4), 045118.
28. Akahane Y., Asano T., Song B.-S., & Noda S. (2005). Fine-tuned high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavity. Optics Express, 13, 1202.
29. Romeira B., & Fiore A. (2018). Purcell effect in the stimulated and spontaneous emission rates of nanoscale semiconductor lasers. EEE Journal of Quantum Electronics, 54, 1–12.