Journal of Biomaterials

Archive

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Light Weight Clay Bricks in Combination of Sludge Blended with Agro/Wastes

The objective of the study is to produce light weight bricks to use as an isolating layer. So, porous or light weight bricks were prepared from clay, sludge, agro/ashes as Saw dust ash (DSA), sugarcane bagasse ash (SCBA) and corn stalk ash (CSA) fired up to 900°C. Physical and mechanical properties were investigated. The chemical composition of the starting raw materials was carried out by XRF analysis. Results proved that the water absorption (25.51, 25.74 and 25.86%) and apparent porosity (29.31, 29.51 and 29. 68%) were slightly lowered up to 6 wt. % of these waste ashes, and then increased with further increase. The bulk density (1.9989, 1.9987 and 1.9985 g/cm3) and compressive strength (48.54, 48.45 and 48.26 MPa) improved and enhanced with the replacement up to 6 wt. %, and then diminished. So, the optimum ash content was not more than 6 wt. % because the substitution of more than that bad or adverse effect was exhibited. Results also proved that the physical and compressive strength was better in case of SDA > SCBA > CSA. The prepared fired bricks could be successfully used and preferred as isolating bricks against heat.

Clay, Sludge, Bricks, Water Absorption, Density, Porosity, Strength

APA Style

Hassan Hassanien Mohamed Darweesh. (2021). Light Weight Clay Bricks in Combination of Sludge Blended with Agro/Wastes. Journal of Biomaterials, 5(2), 16-22. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jb.20210502.11

ACS Style

Hassan Hassanien Mohamed Darweesh. Light Weight Clay Bricks in Combination of Sludge Blended with Agro/Wastes. J. Biomater. 2021, 5(2), 16-22. doi: 10.11648/j.jb.20210502.11

AMA Style

Hassan Hassanien Mohamed Darweesh. Light Weight Clay Bricks in Combination of Sludge Blended with Agro/Wastes. J Biomater. 2021;5(2):16-22. doi: 10.11648/j.jb.20210502.11

Copyright © 2021 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Agwa IS; Omar OM; Tayeh BA; Abdelsalam BA (2020) Effects of using rice straw and cotton stalk ashes on the properties of lightweight self-compacting concrete, Journal of Construction and Building Materials, 235, 117541. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.117541.
2. Kazmi MS; Abbas S; Saleem MA; Munir MJ; Khitab A (2016) Manufacturing of sustainable clay bricks: utilization of waste sugarcane bagasse and rice husk ashes, Journal of Construction and Building Materials, 120, 29–41, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.05.084.
3. Riaz MH; Khitab A; Ahmed S (2019) Evaluation of sustainable clay bricks incorporating brick kiln dust, Journal of Building Engineering, 24, 100725. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2019.02.017.
4. De Silva GS; Surangi MLC (2017) Effect of waste rice husk ash on structural, thermal and run-off properties of clay roof tiles, Journal of Construction and Building Materials, 154, 251–257. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.07.169.
5. Eliche-Quesada D; Felipe-Sesé MA; López-Pérez JA; Infantes-Molina A (2017) Characterization and evaluation of rice husk ash and wood ash in sustainable clay matrix bricks, Ceramics International, 43, 1, 463–475, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2016.09.181.
6. Darweesh HHM; Abo El-Suoud MR (2019) Palm Ash as a Pozzolanic Material for Portland Cement Pastes, To Chemistry Journal, 14, 72-85. http://purkh.com/index.php/tochem.
7. Darweesh HHM; Abo El-Suoud MR (2019) Influence of sugarcane bagasse ash substitution on Portland cement characteristics, Indian Journal of Engineering, 16, 252-266. www.discoveryjournals.org.
8. Li1Q; Zhao Y; Chen1 H; Hou P; Cheng X (2019) Effect of cornstalk ash on the microstructure of cement-based material under sulfate attack, IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 358, 052010. doi: 10.1088/1755-1315/358/5/052010.
9. Darweesh HHM (2020), Specific characteristics and microstructure of Portland cement pastes containing wheat straw ash (WSA), Journal of Engineering, 2020, 17, 48, 569-583. www.discoveryjournals.org.
10. Darweesh, HHM (2020) Saw dust ash substitution for Portland cement pastes-Part II: Chemical resistance against sulfate attack, Indian Journal of Engineering, 17, 48, 396-407. www.discoveryjournals.org.
11. Darweesh HHM (2020) Influence of sun flower stalk ash (SFSA) on the behavior of Portland Cement, Results in Engineering, 8, 100171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rineng.2020.100171.
12. Darweesh HHM (2021) Utilization of Physalis Pith ash as a pozzolanic material in Portland cement pastes, Jounal of Biomaterials. 5, 1, 1-9. http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/jb.
13. Darweesh HHM (2021) Characterization of Coir Pith Ash Blended Cement Pastes, Research & Development in Material science, RDMS.000851. 15, 1, 1630-1630. DOI: 10.31031/RDMS.2021.15.000851.
14. Hegazy BE; Fouad HA; Hassanain AM (2012) Brick manufacturing from water treatment sludge and rice husk ash, Aus. J. Bas. Appl. Sci. 6 (3) 453–461. https://sswm.info/node/4027.
15. Ramadan MO; Fouad HA; Hassanain MA (2008) Reuse of water treatment plant sludge in brick manufacturing, J. Appl. Sci. Res. 4, 10, 1223-1229. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/295548404.
16. Darweesh HHM; El-Meligy MG (2014) Non-Conventional Light-Weight Clay Bricks from Homra and Kraft Pulp Wastes, Journal of Chemistry and Materials Research, 1, 4, 123–129. www.oricpub.com.
17. Kazmi SM; Abbas S; Nehdi ML; Saleem MA; Munir MJ (2017) Feasibility of using waste glass sludge in production of ecofriendly clay bricks, J. Mater. Civ. Eng. 29, 8, 04017056. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)MT.1943-5533.0001928.
18. Esmeray E; Atis M (2019) Utilization of sewage sludge, oven slag and fly ash in clay brick, Construct. Build. Mater. 194, 110–121. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2018.10.231.
19. Hegazy BE; Fouad HA; Hassanain AM (2012) Incorporation of water sludge, silica fume, and rice husk ash in brick making, Adv. Environ. Res. 1, 1, 83–96. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.12989/aer.2012.1.1.083.
20. Lang L; Song C; Xue L; Chen B (2020) Effectiveness of waste steel slag powder on the strength development and associated micro-mechanisms of cement-stabilized dredged sludge, Constr. Build. Mater. 240, 117975. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.117975.
21. Lang L; Liu N; Chen B (2020) Strength development of solidified dredged sludge containing humic acid with cement, lime and nano-SiO2, Constr. Build. Mater. 230, 116971. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.116971.
22. Lang L; Chen B; Li N (2020) Utilization of lime/carbide slag-activated ground granulated blast-furnace slag for dredged sludge stabilization, Mar. Georesources Geotechnol., 1–11. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1064119X.2020.1741050.
23. Kazmi MS; Abbas S; Munir MJ; Khitab A (2016) Exploratory study on the effect of waste rice husk and sugarcane bagasse ashes in burnt clay bricks, J. Build. Eng. 7, 372–378, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2014.10.102.
24. IRRI International Rice Research Institute. (Accessed 28.7.16). https://www.irri.org/rice-straw-management.
25. Abdelhady S; Borello D; Shaban A; Rispoli F (2014) Viability study of biomass power plant fired with rice straw in Egypt, Energy Procedia 61, 211–215. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.egypro.2014.11.1072.
26. Yuan Q; Pump J; Conrad R (2014) Straw application in paddy soil enhances methane production also from other carbon sources, Biogeosciences 11, 237–246.https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/1dea/910420d45de6c0f1e1c43821fedcca72e947.pdf.
27. Rehman MSU; Umer MA; Rashid N; Kima I; Han J (2013) Sono-assisted sulfuric acid process for economical recovery of fermentable sugars and mesoporous pure silica from rice straw, Ind. Crops Prod. 49, 705–711, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.indcrop.2013.06.034.
28. Darweesh HHM (2021) Extraction of lignin from wastes of sugarcane bagasse and its utilization as an admixture for Portland cement, NanoNext, 2, 1, 13-27. DOI: https://doi.org/10.34256/nnxt2113.
29. Darweesh HHM (2021) Low Heat Blended Cements Containing Nanosized Particles of Natural Pumice Alone or in Combination with Granulated Blast Furnace Slag, Nano Progress, 3, 5, 38-46. DOI: 10.36686/Ariviyal.NP.2021.03.05.025.
30. Velasco PM; Ortíz MM; Giró MM; Velasco LM (2014) Fired clay bricks manufactured by adding wastes as sustainable construction material–a review, Constr. Build. Mater. 63, 97–107. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.03.045.
31. Szymkiewicz F; Barrett AG; Marino JP; Le Kouby A; Reiffsteck P (2015) Assessment of Strength and Other Mechanical Properties of the Deep Mixing Material June, (2015). https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01597675/document.
32. Allam M; Garas G (2010) Recycled chopped rice straw–cement bricks: an analytical and economical study, WIT Trans. Ecol. Environ. 140, 79–86. https://www.witpress.com/Secure/elibrary/papers/WM10/WM10008FU1.pdf.
33. Darweesh HHM; Awad HM; Tawfik A (2011) Red bricks from Dakhla formation clay –Tushka area- incorporated with some industrial waste by-products, Ce Ca, 41, 2, 125-131.
34. Darweesh HHM; Kenawy SH (2020) Light-weight highly porous building bricks from Sawdust, Indian Journal of Engineering, 17, 47, 193-202. www.discoveryjournals.org.
35. Darweesh HHM (2019) Recycling of glass waste in ceramics—part I: physical, mechanical and thermal properties, SN Applied Sciences, 1: 1274. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42452-019-1304-8.
36. Darweesh HHM; El-Meligy MG (2014) Non-conventional light-weight clay bricks from homra and kraft pulp wastes”, J. Chemistry and materials research Vol. 1, No. 4, November 5, 2014, 1-7. ORIC publications ISSN: 2381-3628.
37. ASTM C.20 (2010) Standard test methods for apparent porosity, water absorption, apparent specific gravity and bulk Modulus of burned refractory brick and shapes. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1520/C0020-00R10.
38. ASTM- Designation, C133-97 (1997) Standard test method for cold crushing strength and modulus of rupture of refractories, 1-6.
39. Sutcu M (2015) Influence of expanded vermiculite on physical properties and thermal conductivity of clay bricks, Ceram. Int., 41, 2, 2819–2827. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ceramint.2014.10.102.
40. Ukwatta A; Mohajerani A; Eshtiaghi N; Setunge S (2016) Variation in physical and mechanical properties of fired-clay bricks incorporating ETP biosolids, Journal of Cleaner Production, 119, 76–85, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2016.01.094.
41. Darweesh HHM; El-Meligy MG (2014) Pulp White Liquor Waste as a Cement Admixture-Part I, American Journal of Mining and Metallurgy, 2, 4, 88-93. DOI: 10.12691/ajmm-2-4-5.
42. Garcia-Ubaque CA; Liliana G; Juan CM (2013) Quality study of ceramic bricks manufacture with clay and ashes from the incineration of municipal solid wastes, Afinidad LXX 561, 61–66. https://www.raco.cat/index.php/afinidad/article/view/268541/356130.
43. Eliche-Quesada D; Leite-Costa J (2016) Use of bottom ash from olive pomace combustion in the production of eco-friendly fired clay bricks, Waste Manag. 48, 323–333. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2015.11.042.
44. Faria K; Gurgel R; Holanda J (2012) Recycling of sugarcane bagasse ash waste in the production of clay bricks, J. Environ. Manage.101, 7–12, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jenvman.2012.01.032.
45. ASTM C. 67 (2003) Standard Test Methods for Sampling and Testing Brick and Structural Clay Tile, American Society for Testing and Materials, Philadelphia, PA. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1520/C0067-03.
46. Darweesh HHM, Wahsh MMS, Negim EM (2012) Densification and thermo mechanical properties of conventional ceramic composites containing two different industrial byproducts. Am Eurasian J Sci Res 7: 123–130. https://doi.org/10.5829/idosi.aejsr.2012.7.3.1104.
47. Kale SA (2019) Mechanical design, materials and manufacturing, chapter 7 by Darweesh HHM (2019) Nanomaterials, ceramic bulk and bioceramics: synthesis, properties and applications, 1st edn. Nova Science, New York, pp 175–262.
48. Zanelli C, Raimondo M, Guarini G, Dondi M (2011) The vitreous phase of porcelain stoneware: Composition, evolution during sintering and physical properties. J Non-Cryst Solids 357: 3251–3260. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2011.05.020.
49. Darweesh HHM (2020) Characteristics of Portland cement pastes blended with silica nanoparticles, Chem. J. 5, 1–14. http://purkh.com/index.php/tochem.