World Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology

Research Article | | Peer-Reviewed |

Evaluation of Small Pod Hot Pepper Varieties (Capsicum frutescens L.) at Kellem Wellega and West Wellega Zones

Received: Oct. 12, 2023    Accepted: Oct. 28, 2023    Published: Nov. 11, 2023
Views:       Downloads:

Share

Abstract

Small pod hot Pepper (chili pepper) is a seasonal plant of the family Solanaceae. It is grown as an annual crop and produced for its fruits (pods). It is one of the most important vegetable crops for fresh consumption (as chilies), for processing and as a spice (for making stew) and it the main source of income. A field experiment was conducted at Haro Sabu on station and Meti (Sayo woreda) sub sites of Kellem Wollega zone, Western Ethiopia, during the 2018/2019 and 2019/2020main cropping season. A total of five small pod hot pepper varieties collected from Melkasa and Bako Agricultural Research centersand one local check variety were used as testing materials. The combined analysis of variance (ANOVA) for total yield and other agronomic traits of six small pod hot pepper varieties grown at two locations revealed significant difference on days to flowering, days to maturity, number of primary branches per plant, number of fruit (pods) per plant, fruit diameter, fruit length and fruit weight total pod dry weight. Likewise there was highly significant difference of variety on pod anthracnose and cercospora leaf spot (frog eye). In this experimentation, Melka Oli and Melka Dera Dinsire varieties were found superior in terms of total dry pod yield and other important yield related parameters. Melka Oli and Melka Dera varieties are also tolerant to major hot pepper diseases. Thus these varieties were recommended for demonstration and wider production in the studied areas and similar agro-ecologies in the Western Oromia in particular and hot pepper producing regions of Ethiopia in general under main natural rain fed condition.

DOI 10.11648/j.wjast.20230104.18
Published in World Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology ( Volume 1, Issue 4, December 2023 )
Page(s) 128-133
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Chili, Dinsire, Melka Dera, Melka Oli, Pod Yield

References
[1] Amare Tesfaw, Nigussie Dechasa and Kebede W/Sadik,"Performance of hot pepper (Cupsicumannuum) varieties as influenced by nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizers at Bure, Upper Watershed of the Blue Nile in Northwestern Ethiopia", Int. J. Agric. Sci., 3(8): 599-608, 2013.
[2] Berhane Sibhatu, Guesh Tekle and Melesse Harfe, "Hot pepper varietal evaluation for growth, dry pod yield and yield related parameters at Kolla-Tembien District, Northern Ethiopia", Research Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Management. 5(4), pp. 126-131, 2016.
[3] Beyene, T. and David, P., "Ensuring small scale producers in Ethiopia to achieve sustainable and fair access to honey markets", International development enterprises (IDE) and Ethiopian society for appropriate technology (ESAT), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2007.
[4] El-Tohamy, W. A., Ghoname, A. A. and Abou-Hussein, "Improvement of pepper growth and productivity in sandy soil by different fertilization treatments under protected cultivation", J. Appl. Sci. Res., 2: 8-12, 2006.
[5] Fekadu Marame, Lemma Desalegne, Harjit-Singh, Chemeda, Fininsa and Roland Sigvald, "Genetic Components and Heritability of Yield and Yield Related Traits in Hot Pepper", Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 4(6): 803-809, 2008.
[6] Gen Stat, Gen Stat Procedure Library Release. 18th Edition. VSN International Ltd, 2016.
[7] Haileslassie, G., Haile, A., Wakuma, B. and Kedir, J, "Performance evaluation of hot pepper (Capsicum annum L.) varieties for productivity under irrigation at Raya Valley, Northern Ethiopia", Basic Res. J. Agric. Sci. Rev., 4(7): 211-216, 2015.
[8] IAR (Institute of Agricultural Research), Progress Report Addis Ababa. Institute of Agricultural Research, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 1996.
[9] Kibiru Kena, Alemayehu Latera, Zewdu Tegenu, "Adaptability and Performance Evaluation of Improved Large Pod Hot Pepper (Capsicum annum L.) Varieties in West and Kellem Wollega Zones, "American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry. 9(6). pp. 366-371, 2021.
[10] Melkassa Agricultural Research Center (MARC), Progress Report on Completed Activities. 2005. pp: 1-7, 2005.
[11] MoARD (Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development), Variety Register. Issue No. 9. June 2006. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2009.
[12] Sam-Aggrey. W. G. and Bereke-Teshai Tuku, Proceeding of the1st Horticultural Workshop. 20-22 February. IAR. Addis Ababa. 212p, 2005.
[13] Seleshi Delelegn, Derebew Belew, Ali Mohammed and Yehenew Getachew, "Evaluation of elite hot pepper varieties (Capsicum spp.) for growth, dry pod yield and quality under Jimma Condition, South West Ethiopia, "International journal of agricultural research, 9, pp. 364-374, 2014.
[14] Setiamihardja, R. and Knavel, D., Inheritance of certain fruit characteristics in capsicum-annuum-l relative to fruit detachment force. In hortscience (vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 477-477). 701 north saint asaph street, alexandria, va 22314-1998: amersoc horticultural science, 1982.
[15] Shushay Chernet and Haile Zibelo, "Evaluation of hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.) varieties for green pod yield and yield components in Western Tigray, Northern Ethiopia" Journal of Plant Breeding and Crop Science. 11(9), pp. 260-264, 2019.
Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Kena, K. (2023). Evaluation of Small Pod Hot Pepper Varieties (Capsicum frutescens L.) at Kellem Wellega and West Wellega Zones. World Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 1(4), 128-133. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.wjast.20230104.18

    Copy | Download

    ACS Style

    Kena, K. Evaluation of Small Pod Hot Pepper Varieties (Capsicum frutescens L.) at Kellem Wellega and West Wellega Zones. World J. Agric. Sci. Technol. 2023, 1(4), 128-133. doi: 10.11648/j.wjast.20230104.18

    Copy | Download

    AMA Style

    Kena K. Evaluation of Small Pod Hot Pepper Varieties (Capsicum frutescens L.) at Kellem Wellega and West Wellega Zones. World J Agric Sci Technol. 2023;1(4):128-133. doi: 10.11648/j.wjast.20230104.18

    Copy | Download

  • @article{10.11648/j.wjast.20230104.18,
      author = {Kibiru Kena},
      title = {Evaluation of Small Pod Hot Pepper Varieties (Capsicum frutescens L.) at Kellem Wellega and West Wellega Zones},
      journal = {World Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology},
      volume = {1},
      number = {4},
      pages = {128-133},
      doi = {10.11648/j.wjast.20230104.18},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.wjast.20230104.18},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.wjast.20230104.18},
      abstract = {Small pod hot Pepper (chili pepper) is a seasonal plant of the family Solanaceae. It is grown as an annual crop and produced for its fruits (pods). It is one of the most important vegetable crops for fresh consumption (as chilies), for processing and as a spice (for making stew) and it the main source of income. A field experiment was conducted at Haro Sabu on station and Meti (Sayo woreda) sub sites of Kellem Wollega zone, Western Ethiopia, during the 2018/2019 and 2019/2020main cropping season. A total of five small pod hot pepper varieties collected from Melkasa and Bako Agricultural Research centersand one local check variety were used as testing materials. The combined analysis of variance (ANOVA) for total yield and other agronomic traits of six small pod hot pepper varieties grown at two locations revealed significant difference on days to flowering, days to maturity, number of primary branches per plant, number of fruit (pods) per plant, fruit diameter, fruit length and fruit weight total pod dry weight. Likewise there was highly significant difference of variety on pod anthracnose and cercospora leaf spot (frog eye). In this experimentation, Melka Oli and Melka Dera Dinsire varieties were found superior in terms of total dry pod yield and other important yield related parameters. Melka Oli and Melka Dera varieties are also tolerant to major hot pepper diseases. Thus these varieties were recommended for demonstration and wider production in the studied areas and similar agro-ecologies in the Western Oromia in particular and hot pepper producing regions of Ethiopia in general under main natural rain fed condition.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

    Copy | Download

  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Evaluation of Small Pod Hot Pepper Varieties (Capsicum frutescens L.) at Kellem Wellega and West Wellega Zones
    AU  - Kibiru Kena
    Y1  - 2023/11/11
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.wjast.20230104.18
    DO  - 10.11648/j.wjast.20230104.18
    T2  - World Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology
    JF  - World Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology
    JO  - World Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology
    SP  - 128
    EP  - 133
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2994-7332
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.wjast.20230104.18
    AB  - Small pod hot Pepper (chili pepper) is a seasonal plant of the family Solanaceae. It is grown as an annual crop and produced for its fruits (pods). It is one of the most important vegetable crops for fresh consumption (as chilies), for processing and as a spice (for making stew) and it the main source of income. A field experiment was conducted at Haro Sabu on station and Meti (Sayo woreda) sub sites of Kellem Wollega zone, Western Ethiopia, during the 2018/2019 and 2019/2020main cropping season. A total of five small pod hot pepper varieties collected from Melkasa and Bako Agricultural Research centersand one local check variety were used as testing materials. The combined analysis of variance (ANOVA) for total yield and other agronomic traits of six small pod hot pepper varieties grown at two locations revealed significant difference on days to flowering, days to maturity, number of primary branches per plant, number of fruit (pods) per plant, fruit diameter, fruit length and fruit weight total pod dry weight. Likewise there was highly significant difference of variety on pod anthracnose and cercospora leaf spot (frog eye). In this experimentation, Melka Oli and Melka Dera Dinsire varieties were found superior in terms of total dry pod yield and other important yield related parameters. Melka Oli and Melka Dera varieties are also tolerant to major hot pepper diseases. Thus these varieties were recommended for demonstration and wider production in the studied areas and similar agro-ecologies in the Western Oromia in particular and hot pepper producing regions of Ethiopia in general under main natural rain fed condition.
    
    VL  - 1
    IS  - 4
    ER  - 

    Copy | Download

Author Information
  • Department of Horticulture, Oromia Agricultural Research Institute (OARI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Section