World Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology

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Assessment of Cropping Patterns, Agricultural Practices and Soil Fertility Management in Birendranagar Municipality

Received: Jun. 25, 2023    Accepted: Jul. 27, 2023    Published: Oct. 31, 2023
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Abstract

The study aimed to assess the cropping patterns, agricultural practices, and soil fertility management in Birendranagar municipality, Nepal in 2021. A mixed-methods approach was utilized, including structured questionnaires, interviews, and focus group discussions, to collect quantitative and qualitative data from a sample size of 135 participants selected through purposive sampling. The findings revealed variations in landholding status among different wards, with Ward 3 having the highest average upland area and Ward 4 having the highest average lowland area. Diverse cropping patterns were identified, including sequences such as Maize-Legume-Vegetable and Paddy-Wheat-Maize. Farmers in Birendranagar utilized both organic and inorganic fertilizers, with a preference for organic fertilizers observed in Ward 4. Farm Yard Manure was the primary source of organic manure, followed by poultry and goat/sheep manure. The study highlights the need for sustainable land and resource management to ensure long-term food security in the municipality. It provides valuable insights into current agricultural practices, which can guide the development of strategies to improve soil fertility, enhance agricultural productivity, and promote sustainable farming practices. The study also emphasizes the importance of diversifying cropping systems, reducing reliance on chemical inputs, and adopting sustainable land and water management practices. By understanding the prevailing cropping patterns and agricultural practices, the municipality can work towards a more resilient and sustainable agricultural system that supports food security and the well-being of the community.

DOI 10.11648/j.wjast.20230104.16
Published in World Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology ( Volume 1, Issue 4, December 2023 )
Page(s) 114-121
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Cropping Patterns, Agricultural Practices, Soil Fertility Management

References
[1] Adhikari, S., & Rijal, A. (2021). Sustainable agriculture policies in Nepal. In K. Smith & L. Johnson (Eds.), Sustainable Agriculture Policies in Developing Countries (pp. 120-135).
[2] Bajracharya, R., Shrestha, S., & Baidya, S. (2019). Farmers' perception and adoption of sustainable land management practices in Nepal: A case study of Birendranagar Municipality. Journal of Sustainable Development, 12(5), 95-110. https://doi.org/10.5539/jsd.v12n5p95
[3] Bhandari, A., et al. (2018). Assessing the impact of climate change on agricultural practices in Birendranagar Municipality, Nepal. Climatic Change, 142(3-4), 543-558. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-018-2235-3
[4] Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). (2020). Sustainable Land and Water Management Practices for Food Security: FAO Land and Water Division. Retrieved from http://www.fao.org/3/a-i5586e.pdf
[5] Lal, R. (2015). Soil degradation is a reason for inadequate human nutrition. Food Security, 7(1), 45-57. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12571-014-0424-9
[6] Sharma, S., et al. (2022). Role of sustainable agriculture in Nepal's economic growth. Journal of Agriculture and Rural Development, 25(3), 150-165.
[7] Shrestha, A., Sharma, R., Thapa, B., & Ghimire, Y. (2019). Impact of intensive farming practices on land degradation in Birendranagar Municipality. Environmental Management, 42(1), 20-35. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-019-01198-2
[8] Thapa, B., Suvedi, M., & Shrestha, S. (2020). Impact of land degradation on agricultural productivity in Birendranagar Municipality. International Journal of Environmental Science and Sustainable Development, 4(2), 30-45.
[9] United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). (2020). Enhancing resilience through crop diversification in Nepal. Retrieved from URL of the UNDP report.
[10] World Bank. (2021). Agricultural development and environmental sustainability in Nepal. Retrieved from URL of the World Bank report.
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  • APA Style

    Dhirendra Man Thapa, Keshav Bahadur Karki, Keshar Bahadur Shahi. (2023). Assessment of Cropping Patterns, Agricultural Practices and Soil Fertility Management in Birendranagar Municipality. World Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology, 1(4), 114-121. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.wjast.20230104.16

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    ACS Style

    Dhirendra Man Thapa; Keshav Bahadur Karki; Keshar Bahadur Shahi. Assessment of Cropping Patterns, Agricultural Practices and Soil Fertility Management in Birendranagar Municipality. World J. Agric. Sci. Technol. 2023, 1(4), 114-121. doi: 10.11648/j.wjast.20230104.16

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    AMA Style

    Dhirendra Man Thapa, Keshav Bahadur Karki, Keshar Bahadur Shahi. Assessment of Cropping Patterns, Agricultural Practices and Soil Fertility Management in Birendranagar Municipality. World J Agric Sci Technol. 2023;1(4):114-121. doi: 10.11648/j.wjast.20230104.16

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  • @article{10.11648/j.wjast.20230104.16,
      author = {Dhirendra Man Thapa and Keshav Bahadur Karki and Keshar Bahadur Shahi},
      title = {Assessment of Cropping Patterns, Agricultural Practices and Soil Fertility Management in Birendranagar Municipality},
      journal = {World Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology},
      volume = {1},
      number = {4},
      pages = {114-121},
      doi = {10.11648/j.wjast.20230104.16},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.wjast.20230104.16},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.wjast.20230104.16},
      abstract = {The study aimed to assess the cropping patterns, agricultural practices, and soil fertility management in Birendranagar municipality, Nepal in 2021. A mixed-methods approach was utilized, including structured questionnaires, interviews, and focus group discussions, to collect quantitative and qualitative data from a sample size of 135 participants selected through purposive sampling. The findings revealed variations in landholding status among different wards, with Ward 3 having the highest average upland area and Ward 4 having the highest average lowland area. Diverse cropping patterns were identified, including sequences such as Maize-Legume-Vegetable and Paddy-Wheat-Maize. Farmers in Birendranagar utilized both organic and inorganic fertilizers, with a preference for organic fertilizers observed in Ward 4. Farm Yard Manure was the primary source of organic manure, followed by poultry and goat/sheep manure. The study highlights the need for sustainable land and resource management to ensure long-term food security in the municipality. It provides valuable insights into current agricultural practices, which can guide the development of strategies to improve soil fertility, enhance agricultural productivity, and promote sustainable farming practices. The study also emphasizes the importance of diversifying cropping systems, reducing reliance on chemical inputs, and adopting sustainable land and water management practices. By understanding the prevailing cropping patterns and agricultural practices, the municipality can work towards a more resilient and sustainable agricultural system that supports food security and the well-being of the community.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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    T1  - Assessment of Cropping Patterns, Agricultural Practices and Soil Fertility Management in Birendranagar Municipality
    AU  - Dhirendra Man Thapa
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    JO  - World Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology
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    EP  - 121
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2994-7332
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.wjast.20230104.16
    AB  - The study aimed to assess the cropping patterns, agricultural practices, and soil fertility management in Birendranagar municipality, Nepal in 2021. A mixed-methods approach was utilized, including structured questionnaires, interviews, and focus group discussions, to collect quantitative and qualitative data from a sample size of 135 participants selected through purposive sampling. The findings revealed variations in landholding status among different wards, with Ward 3 having the highest average upland area and Ward 4 having the highest average lowland area. Diverse cropping patterns were identified, including sequences such as Maize-Legume-Vegetable and Paddy-Wheat-Maize. Farmers in Birendranagar utilized both organic and inorganic fertilizers, with a preference for organic fertilizers observed in Ward 4. Farm Yard Manure was the primary source of organic manure, followed by poultry and goat/sheep manure. The study highlights the need for sustainable land and resource management to ensure long-term food security in the municipality. It provides valuable insights into current agricultural practices, which can guide the development of strategies to improve soil fertility, enhance agricultural productivity, and promote sustainable farming practices. The study also emphasizes the importance of diversifying cropping systems, reducing reliance on chemical inputs, and adopting sustainable land and water management practices. By understanding the prevailing cropping patterns and agricultural practices, the municipality can work towards a more resilient and sustainable agricultural system that supports food security and the well-being of the community.
    
    VL  - 1
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Author Information
  • Department of Plant Science, Mid-West University, Surkhet, Nepal

  • Department of Plant Science, Mid-West University, Surkhet, Nepal

  • Department of Plant Science, Mid-West University, Surkhet, Nepal

  • Section