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Large Scale Demonstration of Irrigated Wheat Production Technologies in Bedeno District of Eastern Hararghe Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia

Received: Dec. 20, 2022    Accepted: Feb. 07, 2023    Published: Feb. 21, 2023
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Abstract

Increasing wheat production and productivity depends on the use of improved technologies as well as producing during rainy and offseason using irrigation. The aim of this study is to promote improved varieties of wheat under irrigation in the study area. The activity was conducted at Hara Deneba kebele of Bedeno district. Farmers were selected based on their interest, land ownership, willingness to share experiences for other farmers and clustered according to their land adjacent to each other. 195 farmers were directly benefited from the technology. The number of participants on training and field day organized were 57 and 67 respectively. Ogolcho and Pavan -76 wheat varieties were used for demonstration purpose. The seed rate and urea fertilizer rate were 150kg/ha, while 100kg/ha NPS was used. Training and field day were organized to evaluate performance of the varieties and shared the lessons with different stakeholders. The average productivity of Ogolcho and Pavan-76 in quintal per hectare was 40.73 and 33.51 respectively. There was significant mean difference between Ogolcho and pavan-76 varieties in terms of mean yield in quintal per hectare at 1% significance level. The improved Ogolcho variety yield in the study area is profitable as compared to the yield potential of the Pavan-76 variety as well as locally produced wheat. Therefore; the concerned body should work on the sustainability of the recommended improved wheat variety for Bedeno and similar agro-ecologies.

DOI 10.11648/j.rd.20230401.12
Published in Research & Development ( Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2023 )
Page(s) 6-12
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Large Scale, Irrigated Wheat, Production Technologies, Descriptive Statistics, Bedeno District

References
[1] Abraham, B., Gebrehiwot, Nata, T., K. Bheemalinges wara and Mokennen, H. (2015). Suitability of Groundwater Quality for Irrigation: A Case Study on Hand Dug Wells in Hantebet Catchment, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Journal of American Science, 7 (8): 191-199.
[2] Ali, H., Tahir, M. and Nadeem, M. A. 2014. Determining Critical Period of Weed Competition in Wheat under Different Tillage Systems Life, 12 (2): 74-79.
[3] Anteneh A, Asrat D (2020) Wheat production and marketing in Ethiopia: review study. Cogent Food Agric 6: 1778893. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311932.2020.1778893
[4] Astatike, A. A. (2016). Assessing the Impact of Small-Scale Irrigation Schemes on Household Income in Bahir Dar Zuria Woreda (Master’s thesis), Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia. [Google Scholar].
[5] CSA (Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia), 2017. Agricultural Sample Survey. Report on Area and Production of Major Crops.
[6] CSA. 2021. Agricultural Central Statistics Agency: Report on area and production of major crops (Private peasant holdings, Meher Season). Volume I Statistical Bulletins 590, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[7] CSA. 2018. Agricultural Sample Survey Series, 2017/18: Report on Area and Production for Major Crops (Private Holdings, Main Season). Statistical Bulletin No. 586. Centeral Statistics Agency of Ethiopia, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Pp. 15-30.
[8] FAO. 2016. Ethiopia. www.fao.org/ag/agp/agpc/doc/counprof/ethiopia/ethiopia (accessed August 2021).
[9] FAO. 2017. FAOSTAT FAO, Rome, available at: http://faostat.fao.org (accessed August 2021).
[10] Hodson, D. P., Moti Jaleta, Kindie Tesfaye, Chilot Yirga, Habtamu Beyene, Kilian, A., Carling, J., esfaye Disasa, Sisay Kidane Alemu, Teshale Daba and Yared Alemayehu. (2020). Ethiopia’s transforming wheat landscape: tracking variety use through DNA fingerprinting. Scientific reports, 10 (1): 1-13.
[11] MoANR (Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources). 2016. Crop Variety Register Issue No. 18, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[12] Nicholas M. James W. and Solomon L. (2015). Wheat in Ethiopia: Production, marketing, and consumption Prepared for the Ethiopian Agricultural Transformation Agency (ATA). Markets, Trade, an international Journal.
[13] Nigussie, A., Kedir, A., Adisu, A., Belay, G., Gebrie, D., & Desalegn, K. 2015. Bread wheat production in small scale irrigation users’ agro-pastoral households in Ethiopia: Case of Afar and Oromia regional state. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, 7 (4): 123–130. https://doi.org/10.5897/JDAE2014.0589.
[14] Shiferaw, B., Negassa, A., Koo, J., Wood, J., Sonder, K., Braun, J-A., Payne, T., 2011. Future of wheat production in Sub-Saharan Africa: analyses of the expanding gap between supply and demand and economic profitability of domestic production. Paper presented at the Agricultural Productivity-Africa Conference 1–3 November 2011, Africa Hall, UNECA, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[15] USDA, 2019. World Agricultural Production and Agricultural projections. Oxford University Press. pp. 32.
[16] Usman Kedir, 2017. The Effect of Climate Change on Yield and Quality of Wheat in Ethiopia: A Reviewing. Journal of Environment and Earth Science. ISSN 2224-3216 Vol. 7, No. 12. www.iiste.org ISSN 2225-0948 (Online).
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  • APA Style

    Oromia Megersa, Fekadu Tadesse, Lalisa Ofga, Zeleke Legesse, Hussein Abro. (2023). Large Scale Demonstration of Irrigated Wheat Production Technologies in Bedeno District of Eastern Hararghe Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia. Research & Development, 4(1), 6-12. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20230401.12

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    ACS Style

    Oromia Megersa; Fekadu Tadesse; Lalisa Ofga; Zeleke Legesse; Hussein Abro. Large Scale Demonstration of Irrigated Wheat Production Technologies in Bedeno District of Eastern Hararghe Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia. Res. Dev. 2023, 4(1), 6-12. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20230401.12

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    AMA Style

    Oromia Megersa, Fekadu Tadesse, Lalisa Ofga, Zeleke Legesse, Hussein Abro. Large Scale Demonstration of Irrigated Wheat Production Technologies in Bedeno District of Eastern Hararghe Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia. Res Dev. 2023;4(1):6-12. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20230401.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.rd.20230401.12,
      author = {Oromia Megersa and Fekadu Tadesse and Lalisa Ofga and Zeleke Legesse and Hussein Abro},
      title = {Large Scale Demonstration of Irrigated Wheat Production Technologies in Bedeno District of Eastern Hararghe Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia},
      journal = {Research & Development},
      volume = {4},
      number = {1},
      pages = {6-12},
      doi = {10.11648/j.rd.20230401.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20230401.12},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.rd.20230401.12},
      abstract = {Increasing wheat production and productivity depends on the use of improved technologies as well as producing during rainy and offseason using irrigation. The aim of this study is to promote improved varieties of wheat under irrigation in the study area. The activity was conducted at Hara Deneba kebele of Bedeno district. Farmers were selected based on their interest, land ownership, willingness to share experiences for other farmers and clustered according to their land adjacent to each other. 195 farmers were directly benefited from the technology. The number of participants on training and field day organized were 57 and 67 respectively. Ogolcho and Pavan -76 wheat varieties were used for demonstration purpose. The seed rate and urea fertilizer rate were 150kg/ha, while 100kg/ha NPS was used. Training and field day were organized to evaluate performance of the varieties and shared the lessons with different stakeholders. The average productivity of Ogolcho and Pavan-76 in quintal per hectare was 40.73 and 33.51 respectively. There was significant mean difference between Ogolcho and pavan-76 varieties in terms of mean yield in quintal per hectare at 1% significance level. The improved Ogolcho variety yield in the study area is profitable as compared to the yield potential of the Pavan-76 variety as well as locally produced wheat. Therefore; the concerned body should work on the sustainability of the recommended improved wheat variety for Bedeno and similar agro-ecologies.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Large Scale Demonstration of Irrigated Wheat Production Technologies in Bedeno District of Eastern Hararghe Zone, Oromia National Regional State, Ethiopia
    AU  - Oromia Megersa
    AU  - Fekadu Tadesse
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    DO  - 10.11648/j.rd.20230401.12
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    JO  - Research & Development
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    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2994-7057
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20230401.12
    AB  - Increasing wheat production and productivity depends on the use of improved technologies as well as producing during rainy and offseason using irrigation. The aim of this study is to promote improved varieties of wheat under irrigation in the study area. The activity was conducted at Hara Deneba kebele of Bedeno district. Farmers were selected based on their interest, land ownership, willingness to share experiences for other farmers and clustered according to their land adjacent to each other. 195 farmers were directly benefited from the technology. The number of participants on training and field day organized were 57 and 67 respectively. Ogolcho and Pavan -76 wheat varieties were used for demonstration purpose. The seed rate and urea fertilizer rate were 150kg/ha, while 100kg/ha NPS was used. Training and field day were organized to evaluate performance of the varieties and shared the lessons with different stakeholders. The average productivity of Ogolcho and Pavan-76 in quintal per hectare was 40.73 and 33.51 respectively. There was significant mean difference between Ogolcho and pavan-76 varieties in terms of mean yield in quintal per hectare at 1% significance level. The improved Ogolcho variety yield in the study area is profitable as compared to the yield potential of the Pavan-76 variety as well as locally produced wheat. Therefore; the concerned body should work on the sustainability of the recommended improved wheat variety for Bedeno and similar agro-ecologies.
    VL  - 4
    IS  - 1
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Fedis Agricultural Research Centre, Harar, Ethiopia

  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Fedis Agricultural Research Centre, Harar, Ethiopia

  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Fedis Agricultural Research Centre, Harar, Ethiopia

  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Fedis Agricultural Research Centre, Harar, Ethiopia

  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Fedis Agricultural Research Centre, Harar, Ethiopia

  • Section