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Relationships Between Concrete Tester (CTS02v4) and Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity in Determining Quality of Concrete; a Case Study of Atimbo Bridge in Nigeria

Received: Nov. 28, 2022    Accepted: Dec. 19, 2022    Published: Jan. 13, 2023
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Abstract

The research examines the relationship between the use of a concrete tester (CTS02v4) and ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV) based on the strength characteristics of the Atimbo bridge in the cross-river state of Nigeria. The best fit approach for the cts02v4-UPV relationship under various circumstances is developed by carefully analyzing the correlation between these data sets. As a result, the relation between concrete strength and the CTS-UPV formula is developed by this investigation. From the technical investigation, the residual compressive strength of the concrete abutment was found to be between 29.0 N/mm2 and 40.0 N/mm2. This value is still within the range compared to the expected design value of about 40 N/mm2. The cover to the reinforcement of certain capping beams has an outline of reinforcements, which signifies poor concrete cover, and the mean compressive strength is less than 20 N/mm2. The objectives of this paper are to increase the understanding of processes and the applicability of versatile equipment by making comparisons between the experimental results for both the concrete tester (CTS02v4) and the ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV), which were used to evaluate the structural integrity of the Atimbo Bridge. Comparisons were made between the UPV method and the concrete tester method using statistical analysis.

DOI 10.11648/j.rd.20230401.11
Published in Research & Development ( Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2023 )
Page(s) 1-5
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Bridge, Concrete, UPV, CTS02V4, Atimbo

References
[1] Brent M. Phares, Glenn A. Washer, Dennis D. Rolander; Benjamin A. Graybeal, and Mark Moore (2004). Routine Highway Bridge Inspection Condition Documentation Accuracy and Reliability. Journal of Bridge Engineering/Volume 9 Issue 4. Accessed: 16 Nov. 2022.
[2] Workman G, Moore OP (2012). Nondestructive Testing Handbook 10. Overview: Columbus, American Society of Nondestructive Testing. Available: https://www.asnt.org/Store/ProductDetail?produc
[3] Breysse D (2012). The Non-destructive evaluation of the concrete strength: Historical review and a new perspective by combining nondestructive testing methods. Construction and Building Materials 33: 139-163.
[4] K. D Seyed Saman, N. Caluk, A Mehrabi (2021). Non-Destructive Testing Applications for Steel Bridges. Journal of Applied Sciences. Available (online): https://doi.org/10.3390/app11209757
[5] K. S. Ayswarya, A. M Johnson, C. Hanya, D. Prasad, D. Krishnan, N. N. Radhika (2016). Evaluation of Bridge Performance Using Non-Destructive Testing - A Review. International Advanced Research Journal in Science, Engineering and Technology. Vol. 5, Special Issue 1. Available (online): DOI 10.17148/IARJSET.
[6] BS 1881: Part 203: 1986 British Standard-Testing Concrete Part 203. Recommendations for Measurement of Velocity of Ultrasonic Pulses in Concrete.
[7] J. Helal, M. sofi, and P. Mendis (2015). Non-Destructive Concrete Testing A of Concrete: A review of Methods. Electronic Journal of Structural Engineering 14 (01). Available (online): DOl; 10.56747/68. 141921.
[8] S. Lee, N. Kalos (2012). Bridge Inspection Practices Using Non-Destructive Testing Methods. Journal Of Civil Engineering and Management. ISSN 1392-3730 /eISSN 1822-3605, 2015 Volume 21 (5): 654–665 Available (online): doi: 10.3846/13923730.2014.890665.
[9] Abraham O. Olaniyi, Olatunde. O, Oluyemi O, Atilade O (2016). Technical Non-Destructive Evaluation of Burnt Bridge at Ch. 57+450 Along Abuja-Abaji-Lokoja Road, Nigeria. Housing and Building Research Journal.
[10] American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) C 597-02 Standard Test Method for Pulse Velocity through Concrete. Www.astm.org ASTM (1992).
[11] C. Nwidi (2019). Modeling of compressive strength of concrete using pulse velocity values from a non-destructive testing of concrete. Journal of Civil Engineering and Construction Technology. Vol. 10 (2), pp. 12-19. Available (online): DOI: 10.5897/JCECT2019.0495.
[12] Handbook/user manual: Guide to working with CTS-02V4 concrete tester. Nitto Construction Co. Ltd. Oumu Town Japan. Accessed: 16 Nov. 2022 (Online). Available: https://nittokensetsu.co.jp/pdf/CTS-02V4-manual(EN).pdf
[13] American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM) Test Method C 597-11. Standard Test Method for Pulse Velocity through Concrete. Www.astm.org ASTM (1992).
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  • APA Style

    Rowland Adewumi, Olushola Charles Adeniyi, Garba Ahmad Ali. (2023). Relationships Between Concrete Tester (CTS02v4) and Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity in Determining Quality of Concrete; a Case Study of Atimbo Bridge in Nigeria. Research & Development, 4(1), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20230401.11

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    ACS Style

    Rowland Adewumi; Olushola Charles Adeniyi; Garba Ahmad Ali. Relationships Between Concrete Tester (CTS02v4) and Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity in Determining Quality of Concrete; a Case Study of Atimbo Bridge in Nigeria. Res. Dev. 2023, 4(1), 1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20230401.11

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    AMA Style

    Rowland Adewumi, Olushola Charles Adeniyi, Garba Ahmad Ali. Relationships Between Concrete Tester (CTS02v4) and Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity in Determining Quality of Concrete; a Case Study of Atimbo Bridge in Nigeria. Res Dev. 2023;4(1):1-5. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20230401.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.rd.20230401.11,
      author = {Rowland Adewumi and Olushola Charles Adeniyi and Garba Ahmad Ali},
      title = {Relationships Between Concrete Tester (CTS02v4) and Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity in Determining Quality of Concrete; a Case Study of Atimbo Bridge in Nigeria},
      journal = {Research & Development},
      volume = {4},
      number = {1},
      pages = {1-5},
      doi = {10.11648/j.rd.20230401.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20230401.11},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.rd.20230401.11},
      abstract = {The research examines the relationship between the use of a concrete tester (CTS02v4) and ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV) based on the strength characteristics of the Atimbo bridge in the cross-river state of Nigeria. The best fit approach for the cts02v4-UPV relationship under various circumstances is developed by carefully analyzing the correlation between these data sets. As a result, the relation between concrete strength and the CTS-UPV formula is developed by this investigation. From the technical investigation, the residual compressive strength of the concrete abutment was found to be between 29.0 N/mm2 and 40.0 N/mm2. This value is still within the range compared to the expected design value of about 40 N/mm2. The cover to the reinforcement of certain capping beams has an outline of reinforcements, which signifies poor concrete cover, and the mean compressive strength is less than 20 N/mm2. The objectives of this paper are to increase the understanding of processes and the applicability of versatile equipment by making comparisons between the experimental results for both the concrete tester (CTS02v4) and the ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV), which were used to evaluate the structural integrity of the Atimbo Bridge. Comparisons were made between the UPV method and the concrete tester method using statistical analysis.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Relationships Between Concrete Tester (CTS02v4) and Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity in Determining Quality of Concrete; a Case Study of Atimbo Bridge in Nigeria
    AU  - Rowland Adewumi
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    AU  - Garba Ahmad Ali
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    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20230401.11
    DO  - 10.11648/j.rd.20230401.11
    T2  - Research & Development
    JF  - Research & Development
    JO  - Research & Development
    SP  - 1
    EP  - 5
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2994-7057
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20230401.11
    AB  - The research examines the relationship between the use of a concrete tester (CTS02v4) and ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV) based on the strength characteristics of the Atimbo bridge in the cross-river state of Nigeria. The best fit approach for the cts02v4-UPV relationship under various circumstances is developed by carefully analyzing the correlation between these data sets. As a result, the relation between concrete strength and the CTS-UPV formula is developed by this investigation. From the technical investigation, the residual compressive strength of the concrete abutment was found to be between 29.0 N/mm2 and 40.0 N/mm2. This value is still within the range compared to the expected design value of about 40 N/mm2. The cover to the reinforcement of certain capping beams has an outline of reinforcements, which signifies poor concrete cover, and the mean compressive strength is less than 20 N/mm2. The objectives of this paper are to increase the understanding of processes and the applicability of versatile equipment by making comparisons between the experimental results for both the concrete tester (CTS02v4) and the ultrasonic pulse velocity (UPV), which were used to evaluate the structural integrity of the Atimbo Bridge. Comparisons were made between the UPV method and the concrete tester method using statistical analysis.
    VL  - 4
    IS  - 1
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Civil Engineering, University of Abuja, Abuja, Nigeria

  • Department of Infrastructure, Zephyrgold International Limited, Abuja, Nigeria

  • Department of Infrastructure, Zephyrgold International Limited, Abuja, Nigeria

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