Research & Development

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Factors Determine the Practicality of Architectural Design Service Fee Scale in Ethiopia

Received: Jun. 02, 2022    Accepted: Aug. 10, 2022    Published: Sep. 27, 2022
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Abstract

The adoption of an Architect's fee scale is important to improve ethical practice, promote innovation and improve the quality of architectural design service in Ethiopia. however, the effort of regulatory agencies is required to be more than preparing draft documents, submit to the responsible body, and waiting for endorsement. It is mandatory to work on factors that determine the practicality. The purpose of this study was therefore to identify factors determining the practicality of the Architecture service fee scale in Ethiopia through the assessment of principal architects' perceptions and experiences. The study was limited to Architecture design services and Principal architects. Principal Architects of firms registered for Architecture Service were asked to rate pricing strategies and factors related to market chain, institutional capacity, political economy, and market devices. A stratified sampling technique was adopted to sort out consulting Architecture firms across the country. The questionnaires were administered to 160 principal architects of consulting architecture firms in Addis Ababa, Bahir-Dar, Adama, Dessie, Harrar, and Dire Dawa cities of Ethiopia. A total of 57 responses were returned, but during the data pre-analysis task (response screening) one questionnaire from non-principal Architects was discarded. The perception of principal architects is evaluated on listed factors that fall into major categories such as institutional capacity, market chain, political economy, and market devices. The perceptions, which influence the use of the different approaches, were also presented. The author summarized, the identified factors in client/public Awareness creation, Collaboration, Requirements for Registration, licensing, Construction Permit and Control, Managing Human Resources, Managing Professional Ethics, Privatization/ free-market economic policy, Impacts of other policies such as Lease, Administrative structure of the Country, Quality of Architectural design service delivery.

DOI 10.11648/j.rd.20220303.15
Published in Research & Development ( Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2022 )
Page(s) 168-177
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Architectural Design Services, Fee Scale, Principal Architects, Pricing Strategies, Regulatory Agencies

References
[1] Association of Kenyan Architects (2010), Laws of Kenya: The Architects and quantity surveyors act. The National Council for Law Reporting with the Authority of the Attorney General. Chapter 525.
[2] Association of Ethiopian Architects (2013 September), Issue 11. Addis Ababa; Ethiopia.
[3] Agarwal, N. K & Islam, M. A. (2016). How can professional associations continue to stay relevant? Knowledge Management to the rescue. JAIST.
[4] Beale, M. (2018). Architects’ fees, professional practice course. University of Cambridge Dept of Architecture.
[5] Charles, L., Marie, H. A., Gary, A., and Fred, C. (1999) Enhancing organizational performance- a tool box. for self-assessment." Ottawa: International Development Research Centre.
[6] Creswell. J. W. (2016), Research design; Qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approach. SAGE publications, inc. p 108-120. https://us.sagepub.com/sites/default/files/upm
[7] Consulting Architects of Alberta (2022). What is a consulting architect? https://consultingarchitects.ca/about-architecture/what-is-a-consulting-architect/
[8] Dimity, K. S., Justine, R. & Wee-An, T. (2017). Governance accountability of professional associations professional. Australia: Professional Standards Councils.
[9] Hagos, G. (2020), Ministry to institutionalize building permit process. Addis Fortune (Addis Ababa). https://addisfortune.news/ministry-to-institutionalise-building-permit-process/
[10] Hamed, T. (2020). Determining sample size: How to calculate survey sample size. International Journal of Economics and Management System.
[11] Hayes, R. L. (2014). The Architect’s handbook of professional practice. The American Institute of Architects (AIA). Fifteenth edition.
[12] Lincicome, R. A. & Weimin, Z. (2014). UIA accord on recommended international standards of professionalism in architectural practice: The XXVI General Assembly: Durban, South Africa.
[13] London & Routledge, (2020). Architecture and labor; Other nations’ professional architectural associations, “international architectural associations: comparisons and concerns” p, 108-120.
[14] Moyo, N. T. (2016). The professional association strengthening project: Functions of a professional association. The Survive and Thrive Global Development Alliance.
[15] Neil, F & Ryan, C. (2015). The architecture of markets. Emerging Trends in the Social and Behavioral Sciences. John Wiley & Sons, 978-1-118-90077-2.
[16] Oluwatayo, A., Oluwol, A., & Obioha, U,. (2014). Approaches to pricing design services: Evidence from Architectural firms in Nigeria. Case Studies in Business and Management.
[17] Royston. G, Roy. S, C. R. Hinings (2002). Theorizing change: The role of professional associations in the transformation of institutionalized fields. Academy Of Management Journal. P, 73.
[18] Sanford, V. B. (2009). Characterizing the efficiency and effectiveness of regulatory institutions; University of Florida, PURC.
[19] Samuel, B. (2022). Government to decide threshold fees for architects, consultants. Addis Fortune. par (1-7).
[20] Tanya S. B & Derek F. C. (2017). Pricing strategy.
[21] William B., Radya E., & Robert M. (2001). Participation monitoring, evaluation and reporting: an organizational development perspective {or south African NGOs." Pact: South Africa.
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  • APA Style

    Efrem Beyene, Nebyou Yonas. (2022). Factors Determine the Practicality of Architectural Design Service Fee Scale in Ethiopia. Research & Development, 3(3), 168-177. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20220303.15

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    ACS Style

    Efrem Beyene; Nebyou Yonas. Factors Determine the Practicality of Architectural Design Service Fee Scale in Ethiopia. Res. Dev. 2022, 3(3), 168-177. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20220303.15

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    AMA Style

    Efrem Beyene, Nebyou Yonas. Factors Determine the Practicality of Architectural Design Service Fee Scale in Ethiopia. Res Dev. 2022;3(3):168-177. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20220303.15

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  • @article{10.11648/j.rd.20220303.15,
      author = {Efrem Beyene and Nebyou Yonas},
      title = {Factors Determine the Practicality of Architectural Design Service Fee Scale in Ethiopia},
      journal = {Research & Development},
      volume = {3},
      number = {3},
      pages = {168-177},
      doi = {10.11648/j.rd.20220303.15},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20220303.15},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.rd.20220303.15},
      abstract = {The adoption of an Architect's fee scale is important to improve ethical practice, promote innovation and improve the quality of architectural design service in Ethiopia. however, the effort of regulatory agencies is required to be more than preparing draft documents, submit to the responsible body, and waiting for endorsement. It is mandatory to work on factors that determine the practicality. The purpose of this study was therefore to identify factors determining the practicality of the Architecture service fee scale in Ethiopia through the assessment of principal architects' perceptions and experiences. The study was limited to Architecture design services and Principal architects. Principal Architects of firms registered for Architecture Service were asked to rate pricing strategies and factors related to market chain, institutional capacity, political economy, and market devices. A stratified sampling technique was adopted to sort out consulting Architecture firms across the country. The questionnaires were administered to 160 principal architects of consulting architecture firms in Addis Ababa, Bahir-Dar, Adama, Dessie, Harrar, and Dire Dawa cities of Ethiopia. A total of 57 responses were returned, but during the data pre-analysis task (response screening) one questionnaire from non-principal Architects was discarded. The perception of principal architects is evaluated on listed factors that fall into major categories such as institutional capacity, market chain, political economy, and market devices. The perceptions, which influence the use of the different approaches, were also presented. The author summarized, the identified factors in client/public Awareness creation, Collaboration, Requirements for Registration, licensing, Construction Permit and Control, Managing Human Resources, Managing Professional Ethics, Privatization/ free-market economic policy, Impacts of other policies such as Lease, Administrative structure of the Country, Quality of Architectural design service delivery.},
     year = {2022}
    }
    

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    AU  - Efrem Beyene
    AU  - Nebyou Yonas
    Y1  - 2022/09/27
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    JO  - Research & Development
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    PB  - Science Publishing Group
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    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20220303.15
    AB  - The adoption of an Architect's fee scale is important to improve ethical practice, promote innovation and improve the quality of architectural design service in Ethiopia. however, the effort of regulatory agencies is required to be more than preparing draft documents, submit to the responsible body, and waiting for endorsement. It is mandatory to work on factors that determine the practicality. The purpose of this study was therefore to identify factors determining the practicality of the Architecture service fee scale in Ethiopia through the assessment of principal architects' perceptions and experiences. The study was limited to Architecture design services and Principal architects. Principal Architects of firms registered for Architecture Service were asked to rate pricing strategies and factors related to market chain, institutional capacity, political economy, and market devices. A stratified sampling technique was adopted to sort out consulting Architecture firms across the country. The questionnaires were administered to 160 principal architects of consulting architecture firms in Addis Ababa, Bahir-Dar, Adama, Dessie, Harrar, and Dire Dawa cities of Ethiopia. A total of 57 responses were returned, but during the data pre-analysis task (response screening) one questionnaire from non-principal Architects was discarded. The perception of principal architects is evaluated on listed factors that fall into major categories such as institutional capacity, market chain, political economy, and market devices. The perceptions, which influence the use of the different approaches, were also presented. The author summarized, the identified factors in client/public Awareness creation, Collaboration, Requirements for Registration, licensing, Construction Permit and Control, Managing Human Resources, Managing Professional Ethics, Privatization/ free-market economic policy, Impacts of other policies such as Lease, Administrative structure of the Country, Quality of Architectural design service delivery.
    VL  - 3
    IS  - 3
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • College of Architecture and Civil Engineering, Addis Ababa Science and Technology University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

  • Ethiopian Institute of Architecture Building Construction and City Development, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

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