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Influencing Factors in Family Strategies in Gibara Municipality, Cuba

Received: 9 March 2022    Accepted: 16 April 2022    Published: 28 April 2022
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Abstract

The process of updating the socioeconomic model that is being developed in Cuba includes strategic and development management modifications, aimed at strengthening the self-management capacities of municipal governments and the non-state sector, which has affected the strategies that families have adopted for their development. Family strategies have been very diverse in the different community contexts of the country, and consequently it has been difficult for governors to make decisions when drawing up development plans, so it is vitally important to identify which are specifically the factors that have directly affected the strategies adopted by the families to be able to formulate future development plans in the different communities according to their characteristics. The study presented shows a case where changes in family strategies are manifested, influenced by the social and environmental context in which individuals interact, as well as their evolution over time and adaptation to new situations. Specifically, it is shown that the family strategies adopted by the population sectors in Gibara municipality in Cuba, have been influenced by the changes and the economic reordering that takes place in the country and the existing environmental conditions in that territory. In this sense, the factors with the highest incidence turned out to be: the exceptional physical characteristics that the municipality possesses, the delivery of land in usufruct to the inhabitants and the aging of the population. The research was carried out in three stages: an exploratory, a confirmatory and an evaluative one, in which qualitative and quantitative methods were combined that allowed the characterization of the territory, identifying the factors with the greatest incidence in the strategies and their evaluation.

DOI 10.11648/j.rd.20220302.18
Published in Research & Development (Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2022)
Page(s) 119-124
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Regional Development, Family Strategies, Environmental Factors of Development, Social Factors of Development

References
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[2] Arias, M. (2008). Revalorización de lo rural. "Es pertinente lo rural para pensar el desarrollo desde la perspectiva de género en los espacios locales" En M. d. Arias Guevara, & et. al, Estudios sobre desarrollo local, innovación social y género (págs. 186-206). La Habana: Academia.
[3] Clarke, K. R., y Gorley, R. N. (2015). PRIMER Plymouth Routines In Multivariate Ecological Research (version 7). Retrieved from https://www.primer-e.com
[4] Destremau, B. (2020). Envejecimiento y temporalidades en Cuba: "qué política del tiempo". Pensando las temporalidades en Cuba: continuidades, tensiones, desincronizaciones 2020. hal-02968461. En https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02968461
[5] Díaz, T. M. (2006). "Y las Familias" En A. Guzón Camporedondo, Desarrollo local en Cuba. Retos y Perspectivas (págs. 164-174). La Habana: Academia.
[6] González, JC y Prieto, I. (2015). La Indagación Apreciativa (IA) como Estrategia de dinamización del emprendimiento en las agrupaciones humanas. En. Un acercamiento a la realidad empresarial: Análisis y posturas de las empresas y el Factor emprendimiento (pp. 129). México: Universidad Tecnológica Metropolitana.
[7] De la Peña, R. (2018). Una alternativa para estimar la exactitud de las encuestas. Política y Cultura. [versión electrónica] Número 49/2018. México. Disponible en: http://www.scielo.org.mex/scielo.pnp?scrip=sci-issueto&pid=01888-774220180001&ing=es&nrm=150 [consultado 20/11/2020].
[8] Igreda, R. A. (2016). Influence of culture on local economic development through cultural industries. Revista Gestión & Desarrollo, 13, pp. 59-79.
[9] Instituto de Geología y Paleontología. (2013). Nuevo Léxico Estratigráfico de Cuba. MINBAS.
[10] Instituto de Geología y Paleontología. (2001). Mapa Geológico de las Provincias Orientales. Edición digital. Escala 1:100000. Grupo CASIG. MINBAS.
[11] Oficina Nacional de Estadística e Información. ONEI. (2019). Anuario estadístico de Holguín. Municipio Gibara.
[12] Pereira C, L. (2017). Evaluación y diagnóstico de geositios en los municipios del Este de la provincia Holguín para la protección y conservación del patrimonio geológico. Tesis de grado. ISMMM. Disponible en: http://ninive.ismm.edu.cu/bitstream/handle/123456789/1210/TesisCarlosLuis.pdf?sequence=3&isAllowed=y [consultado 01/08/2020].
[13] Statsoft Inc. (data analysis software system). Recuperado el 5 de Julio de 2018, de StatSoft, Inc. version 13.3.: http://www.statsoft.com. 2017.
[14] Vázquez, A. Desarrollo local, una estrategia para tiempos de crisis. Revista Universitas Forum, 1 (2) May 2009. Recuperado el 10 de junio de 2013 de http://hdrnet.org/444/1/barquero_UF2.pdf
[15] Vega, A. (2016). Estado de los cenotes de Gibara. Informe Técnico. Holguín: CISAT-CITMA.
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  • APA Style

    Sara Fernández Cruz, Virginia Hardy Casado, Olga Alicia Gallardo Milanés. (2022). Influencing Factors in Family Strategies in Gibara Municipality, Cuba. Research & Development, 3(2), 119-124. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20220302.18

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    ACS Style

    Sara Fernández Cruz; Virginia Hardy Casado; Olga Alicia Gallardo Milanés. Influencing Factors in Family Strategies in Gibara Municipality, Cuba. Res. Dev. 2022, 3(2), 119-124. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20220302.18

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    AMA Style

    Sara Fernández Cruz, Virginia Hardy Casado, Olga Alicia Gallardo Milanés. Influencing Factors in Family Strategies in Gibara Municipality, Cuba. Res Dev. 2022;3(2):119-124. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20220302.18

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  • @article{10.11648/j.rd.20220302.18,
      author = {Sara Fernández Cruz and Virginia Hardy Casado and Olga Alicia Gallardo Milanés},
      title = {Influencing Factors in Family Strategies in Gibara Municipality, Cuba},
      journal = {Research & Development},
      volume = {3},
      number = {2},
      pages = {119-124},
      doi = {10.11648/j.rd.20220302.18},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20220302.18},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.rd.20220302.18},
      abstract = {The process of updating the socioeconomic model that is being developed in Cuba includes strategic and development management modifications, aimed at strengthening the self-management capacities of municipal governments and the non-state sector, which has affected the strategies that families have adopted for their development. Family strategies have been very diverse in the different community contexts of the country, and consequently it has been difficult for governors to make decisions when drawing up development plans, so it is vitally important to identify which are specifically the factors that have directly affected the strategies adopted by the families to be able to formulate future development plans in the different communities according to their characteristics. The study presented shows a case where changes in family strategies are manifested, influenced by the social and environmental context in which individuals interact, as well as their evolution over time and adaptation to new situations. Specifically, it is shown that the family strategies adopted by the population sectors in Gibara municipality in Cuba, have been influenced by the changes and the economic reordering that takes place in the country and the existing environmental conditions in that territory. In this sense, the factors with the highest incidence turned out to be: the exceptional physical characteristics that the municipality possesses, the delivery of land in usufruct to the inhabitants and the aging of the population. The research was carried out in three stages: an exploratory, a confirmatory and an evaluative one, in which qualitative and quantitative methods were combined that allowed the characterization of the territory, identifying the factors with the greatest incidence in the strategies and their evaluation.},
     year = {2022}
    }
    

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    AB  - The process of updating the socioeconomic model that is being developed in Cuba includes strategic and development management modifications, aimed at strengthening the self-management capacities of municipal governments and the non-state sector, which has affected the strategies that families have adopted for their development. Family strategies have been very diverse in the different community contexts of the country, and consequently it has been difficult for governors to make decisions when drawing up development plans, so it is vitally important to identify which are specifically the factors that have directly affected the strategies adopted by the families to be able to formulate future development plans in the different communities according to their characteristics. The study presented shows a case where changes in family strategies are manifested, influenced by the social and environmental context in which individuals interact, as well as their evolution over time and adaptation to new situations. Specifically, it is shown that the family strategies adopted by the population sectors in Gibara municipality in Cuba, have been influenced by the changes and the economic reordering that takes place in the country and the existing environmental conditions in that territory. In this sense, the factors with the highest incidence turned out to be: the exceptional physical characteristics that the municipality possesses, the delivery of land in usufruct to the inhabitants and the aging of the population. The research was carried out in three stages: an exploratory, a confirmatory and an evaluative one, in which qualitative and quantitative methods were combined that allowed the characterization of the territory, identifying the factors with the greatest incidence in the strategies and their evaluation.
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Author Information
  • Faculty of Engineering, Holguin University, Holguin, Cuba

  • Faculty of Business Sciences and Administration, Holguin University, Holguin, Cuba

  • Faculty of Social Sciences, Federal University of Minas Gerais (UFMG), Minas Gerais, Brazil

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