International Journal of Genetics and Genomics

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Evaluation of Different Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Varieties for Seed Quality Analysis in South Eastern Ethiopia

Received: Jun. 04, 2023    Accepted: Jun. 28, 2023    Published: Jul. 26, 2023
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Abstract

Seeds are basic agricultural input and it has a unique feature for delivering technology to increase the production and productivity of the farmers. Due to poor seed quality, the production and productivity of the farmers was declined. Therefore the objective of the experiment was to evaluate different bread wheat varieties for the seed quality analysis. The experiment was laid out in randomized compete design with three replication in Sinana Agricultural Research center laboratory. Seed germination (%), purity percentage (%), Seed physical purity (%) and thousands seed weight (TSW)Root length, shoot length, Fresh weight, Vigor index I and Vigor Index II, were tested in the laboratory and the data were analysized using SAS 9.00 software to confirm whether all varieties fit minimum seed quality standard or not. The results indicated that the only seed purity were significant different and other Quality traits were non significant variation for other. The result of the study confirmed the mean square of all the varieties consists good seed quality due above minimum standard except only kind birds. Therefore all seed varieties were used for the next production

DOI 10.11648/j.ijgg.20231103.14
Published in International Journal of Genetics and Genomics ( Volume 11, Issue 3, September 2023 )
Page(s) 86-90
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Bread Wheat, Seed Quality, Germination, Purity, Vigor Index

References
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[2] Basra, A. S. 2002. Seed Quality, basic mechanisms and agricultural implications, Daryaganj, New Delhi (India).
[3] Dawit A (2010) The Political Economy of Ethiopian Cereal Seed Systems. Market Liberalization and Decentralization. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, pp: 223-289.
[4] EIAR (Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research), 2012. Ensuring Seed Quality in Ethiopian Seen System Status and challenges. 2012. 8.
[5] Elizabeth C., Esbern, F. and MicK, T., 1992. The Seed Sector in Developing Countries: A Frame Work for Performance Analysis. London, July 1992.
[6] Ethiopian seed standard 2012 wheat seed specification ES 414: 2012 second edition.
[7] Falola, A., Achem. B. A., Oleyede. W. O., Olawuyi, G. O., 2017. Determinants of commercial production of wheat in Nigeria: A case study of Bankura local government area, Zamfara state. Trakia Journal of Sciences 15 (4), 397–404. DOI https://doi. org/10.15547/tjs.2017.04.024.
[8] FAO, 2011. Thirteenth Regular Session Report on Strengthening Seed Systems: Gap Analysis of the Seed Sector. Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, FAO, Rome.
[9] Gadisa, A. (2019). Review on the effect of seed source and size on grain yield of bread wheat (Tritium aestivum L.). J Ecol& Nat Resour, 3 (1), 000155.
[10] Gunaga RP, Hareesh TS, Vasudeva R (2007) Effect of fruit size on early seedling vigour and biomass in white dammer (Vateriaindica): A vulnerable and economically important tree species of the Western Ghats. J NTFPs 14: 197-200.
[11] Hossain, M. M., Hossain, A., Alam, M. A., EL Sabagh, A., Ibn Murad, K. F. Haque, M. M., Muriruzzaman, M., Islam, M. Z., Das, S., Barutcular, C., Kizilgeci, F., 2018. Evaluation of fifty spring wheat genotypes grown under heat stress conditions in multiple environments of Bangladesh. Fresenius Environmental Bulletin 27, 5993−6004. DOI: 10.1155/2008/896451.
[12] Lyon, F. and Afikorah-Danquah, 1998. Small scale seed provision in Ghana: a social relationship, contracts and institutions for micro-enterprise development. Agricultural Research and Extension Network 84: pp 16.
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[14] Monica, K. & Astrid, M., 2016. Enhancing resilience of farmer seed system to climate-induced stresses: Insights from a case study in West Nile region, Uganda. Journal of Rural Studies 47 (2016) 220-230.
[15] Munyaka, N., Mvumi, B. M. &Mazarura U. M., 2015. Seed Security: Exploring the Potential for Smallholder Production of Certified Seed Crop at Household Level. Journal of Sustainable Development; Vol. 8, No. 2; 2015.
[16] Najafi, A., 2014. Wheat production price performance prediction in the Iranian north province. African Journal of Agricultural Research 9 (1), 74−79.
[17] Noor-mohammadiGh, Siadat A, Kashani A. 2000. Agronomy (cereal). Ahwaz UniversityPress. 446p.
[18] Ojiewo CO, Kugbei S, Bishaw Z, Rubyogo JC. Community seed production. Workshop Proceedings; Workshop Proceeding, 9–11 December 2013: FAO, Rome & ICRISAT, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, 2015.
[19] Pelmer, D. P., 2005. Agriculture in the developing world: connecting innovation in plant breeding research to downstream applications. PNAS, 102 (44), 15739-15746. 22.
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  • APA Style

    Talila Garamu, Hussein Gammachu, Ermias Tashooma. (2023). Evaluation of Different Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Varieties for Seed Quality Analysis in South Eastern Ethiopia. International Journal of Genetics and Genomics, 11(3), 86-90. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijgg.20231103.14

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    ACS Style

    Talila Garamu; Hussein Gammachu; Ermias Tashooma. Evaluation of Different Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Varieties for Seed Quality Analysis in South Eastern Ethiopia. Int. J. Genet. Genomics 2023, 11(3), 86-90. doi: 10.11648/j.ijgg.20231103.14

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    AMA Style

    Talila Garamu, Hussein Gammachu, Ermias Tashooma. Evaluation of Different Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Varieties for Seed Quality Analysis in South Eastern Ethiopia. Int J Genet Genomics. 2023;11(3):86-90. doi: 10.11648/j.ijgg.20231103.14

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijgg.20231103.14,
      author = {Talila Garamu and Hussein Gammachu and Ermias Tashooma},
      title = {Evaluation of Different Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Varieties for Seed Quality Analysis in South Eastern Ethiopia},
      journal = {International Journal of Genetics and Genomics},
      volume = {11},
      number = {3},
      pages = {86-90},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijgg.20231103.14},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijgg.20231103.14},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijgg.20231103.14},
      abstract = {Seeds are basic agricultural input and it has a unique feature for delivering technology to increase the production and productivity of the farmers. Due to poor seed quality, the production and productivity of the farmers was declined. Therefore the objective of the experiment was to evaluate different bread wheat varieties for the seed quality analysis. The experiment was laid out in randomized compete design with three replication in Sinana Agricultural Research center laboratory. Seed germination (%), purity percentage (%), Seed physical purity (%) and thousands seed weight (TSW)Root length, shoot length, Fresh weight, Vigor index I and Vigor Index II, were tested in the laboratory and the data were analysized using SAS 9.00 software to confirm whether all varieties fit minimum seed quality standard or not. The results indicated that the only seed purity were significant different and other Quality traits were non significant variation for other. The result of the study confirmed the mean square of all the varieties consists good seed quality due above minimum standard except only kind birds. Therefore all seed varieties were used for the next production},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Evaluation of Different Bread Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) Varieties for Seed Quality Analysis in South Eastern Ethiopia
    AU  - Talila Garamu
    AU  - Hussein Gammachu
    AU  - Ermias Tashooma
    Y1  - 2023/07/26
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijgg.20231103.14
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijgg.20231103.14
    T2  - International Journal of Genetics and Genomics
    JF  - International Journal of Genetics and Genomics
    JO  - International Journal of Genetics and Genomics
    SP  - 86
    EP  - 90
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2376-7359
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijgg.20231103.14
    AB  - Seeds are basic agricultural input and it has a unique feature for delivering technology to increase the production and productivity of the farmers. Due to poor seed quality, the production and productivity of the farmers was declined. Therefore the objective of the experiment was to evaluate different bread wheat varieties for the seed quality analysis. The experiment was laid out in randomized compete design with three replication in Sinana Agricultural Research center laboratory. Seed germination (%), purity percentage (%), Seed physical purity (%) and thousands seed weight (TSW)Root length, shoot length, Fresh weight, Vigor index I and Vigor Index II, were tested in the laboratory and the data were analysized using SAS 9.00 software to confirm whether all varieties fit minimum seed quality standard or not. The results indicated that the only seed purity were significant different and other Quality traits were non significant variation for other. The result of the study confirmed the mean square of all the varieties consists good seed quality due above minimum standard except only kind birds. Therefore all seed varieties were used for the next production
    VL  - 11
    IS  - 3
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Sinana Agricultural Research Center, Bale Robe, Ethiopia

  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Sinana Agricultural Research Center, Bale Robe, Ethiopia

  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Sinana Agricultural Research Center, Bale Robe, Ethiopia

  • Section