International Journal of Genetics and Genomics

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Agricultural Biotechnology and Crop Improvement: A Review

Received: Jul. 03, 2023    Accepted: Jul. 18, 2023    Published: Jul. 26, 2023
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Abstract

To meet the needs of a predicted worldwide population of nine billion people in the year 2050, agricultural biotechnology's promise of sustainable crop production improvements is critical. Climate change, scarcity of land for agriculture, and social issues are the factors that limit agricultural production and productivity, resulting in poverty, starvation, malnutrition, and deaths for millions of people throughout the world, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. In most developing countries, including Africa, agricultural production and productivity systems are not supported by modern technology. Nowadays, advanced agricultural biotechnology techniques such as genetic modification and transformation of plants play a crucial role in crop improvement by introducing advantageous novel gene(s) or inhibiting the transmission of existing traits in the plants. Crop resilience to abiotic and biotic variables, quality of the grain, and crop design will all contribute considerably to the community's adoption of genome-edited crops in order to advance the lines of breeding and utilize distinct environmental responses. Herbicide tolerance, insect resistance, abiotic stress tolerance, disease resistance, and nutritional improvement are all characteristics of genetically modified crops. Therefore, crop improvement using agricultural biotechnology is the best and most efficient way in agriculture to overcome food insecurity and climate change disasters globally.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijgg.20231103.13
Published in International Journal of Genetics and Genomics ( Volume 11, Issue 3, September 2023 )
Page(s) 81-85
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Agricultural Biotechnology, Crop Improvement, Genetic Transformation, Genome Editing, GM Crops

References
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    Mulatu Gidi. (2023). Agricultural Biotechnology and Crop Improvement: A Review. International Journal of Genetics and Genomics, 11(3), 81-85. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijgg.20231103.13

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    Mulatu Gidi. Agricultural Biotechnology and Crop Improvement: A Review. Int. J. Genet. Genomics 2023, 11(3), 81-85. doi: 10.11648/j.ijgg.20231103.13

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    AMA Style

    Mulatu Gidi. Agricultural Biotechnology and Crop Improvement: A Review. Int J Genet Genomics. 2023;11(3):81-85. doi: 10.11648/j.ijgg.20231103.13

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijgg.20231103.13,
      author = {Mulatu Gidi},
      title = {Agricultural Biotechnology and Crop Improvement: A Review},
      journal = {International Journal of Genetics and Genomics},
      volume = {11},
      number = {3},
      pages = {81-85},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijgg.20231103.13},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijgg.20231103.13},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijgg.20231103.13},
      abstract = {To meet the needs of a predicted worldwide population of nine billion people in the year 2050, agricultural biotechnology's promise of sustainable crop production improvements is critical. Climate change, scarcity of land for agriculture, and social issues are the factors that limit agricultural production and productivity, resulting in poverty, starvation, malnutrition, and deaths for millions of people throughout the world, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. In most developing countries, including Africa, agricultural production and productivity systems are not supported by modern technology. Nowadays, advanced agricultural biotechnology techniques such as genetic modification and transformation of plants play a crucial role in crop improvement by introducing advantageous novel gene(s) or inhibiting the transmission of existing traits in the plants. Crop resilience to abiotic and biotic variables, quality of the grain, and crop design will all contribute considerably to the community's adoption of genome-edited crops in order to advance the lines of breeding and utilize distinct environmental responses. Herbicide tolerance, insect resistance, abiotic stress tolerance, disease resistance, and nutritional improvement are all characteristics of genetically modified crops. Therefore, crop improvement using agricultural biotechnology is the best and most efficient way in agriculture to overcome food insecurity and climate change disasters globally.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijgg.20231103.13
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    T2  - International Journal of Genetics and Genomics
    JF  - International Journal of Genetics and Genomics
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    AB  - To meet the needs of a predicted worldwide population of nine billion people in the year 2050, agricultural biotechnology's promise of sustainable crop production improvements is critical. Climate change, scarcity of land for agriculture, and social issues are the factors that limit agricultural production and productivity, resulting in poverty, starvation, malnutrition, and deaths for millions of people throughout the world, particularly in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia. In most developing countries, including Africa, agricultural production and productivity systems are not supported by modern technology. Nowadays, advanced agricultural biotechnology techniques such as genetic modification and transformation of plants play a crucial role in crop improvement by introducing advantageous novel gene(s) or inhibiting the transmission of existing traits in the plants. Crop resilience to abiotic and biotic variables, quality of the grain, and crop design will all contribute considerably to the community's adoption of genome-edited crops in order to advance the lines of breeding and utilize distinct environmental responses. Herbicide tolerance, insect resistance, abiotic stress tolerance, disease resistance, and nutritional improvement are all characteristics of genetically modified crops. Therefore, crop improvement using agricultural biotechnology is the best and most efficient way in agriculture to overcome food insecurity and climate change disasters globally.
    VL  - 11
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Author Information
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, National Agricultural Biotechnology Research Center, Holeta, Ethiopia

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