International Journal of Agricultural Economics

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Current Practices of Farmers Adoption of Improved Food Barley Variety in Case Study of Welmera District of Oromia Region Ethiopia

Received: Oct. 25, 2023    Accepted: Nov. 10, 2023    Published: Nov. 24, 2023
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Abstract

This research activity was conducted in Welmera districts of west Shewa zone Oromia with the objective of examining the current practice of smallholder farmers toward the adoption of improved food barley varieties in the study area. Food barley is a stable grain, widely grown by farmers in Ethiopia's different highlands. One of the most important tactics for ensuring food security in the nations is seen to be improving its production. One of the most widely consumed and produced foods is food barley in the district. The aim of this research was to assess the current practices of farmers toward the adoption of improved food barley in the study area. This study used a three-stage sampling procedure in which purposive selection of district and Kebeles were selected by using random sampling. Stratified sampling was employed to identify adopters and non-adopters and simple random sampling was used to select respondents. The study is based on primary data collected from 142 samples selected through an interview schedule-assisted survey questionnaire. The findings of the study reveal that adopters and non-adopters of improved food barley varieties differ in their land preparation, fertilizer application, topdressing, weeding and protection practices, as well as seed preparation and seedling assessment In general, the study concluded that adopters were better practice recommended extension package. Therefore, the extension and research system should address these factors to provide solutions.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.16
Published in International Journal of Agricultural Economics ( Volume 8, Issue 6, November 2023 )
Page(s) 267-273
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Adoption, Improved, Perception, Technology, Welmera District

References
[1] Schmidt, E. P. Chinowsky, S. Robinson and K. Strzepek, 2017. Determinants and impact of sustainable land management (SLM) investments: A systems evaluation in the Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia. Agricultural Economics.
[2] Yifru Tafesse, ATI 2022. The Ethiopian Agricultural Transformation Institute Workshop on the Role of Agriculture in Kickstarting Economic Diversification & Structural Transformation in Ethiopia.
[3] FAO. (Food and Agriculture Organization Corporate Statistical Database) 2017 Statistical databases and data-sets of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
[4] USDA 2020. The United States Department of Agriculture annual report.
[5] World data atlas topics agriculture crops production » quantity (tonnes)
[6] FAO (food and agriculture organization), 2014. Food balance sheets.
[7] CSA (Central Statistical Authority). (2018). Agriculture Sample Survey 2017/2018 (2012 E. C). Report on Area and Production of Major Crops (Private Peasant holdings, Meher seasons). Addis Ababa Ethiopia, The FDRE statistical bulletin.
[8] Chilot Yirga, Berhane Lakew and Fekadu Alemayehu. 2000. On-farm evaluation of food barley production packages in the highlands of Wolemera and Degem, Ethiopia. pp. 176–187.
[9] Berhane Lakew, Chilot Y, Wondimu F. 2016. Malt barley research and development in Ethiopia: opportunities and challenges. pp 11–20.
[10] Firdissa. 2010 On-farm Diversity and Characterization of Barley (Hordeum vulgare L.) Landraces in the Highlands of West Shewa, Ethiopia.
[11] Berhane Lakew, Hailu Gebre and Fekadu Alemayehu, 1996. Barley production and research. pp 1-8. In: Hailu Gebre and Joob Van Luer (eds). Barley Research in Ethiopia: Past work and future prospects. Proceedings of the first barley research review workshop 16-19, October. 1993. Addis Ababa, IAR/ICARDA. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[12] CSA (Central Statistical Authority). (2020). Agriculture Sample Survey 2019/2020 (2013 E. C). Report on Area and Production of Major Crops (Private Peasant holdings, Meher seasons). Addis Ababa Ethiopia, The FDRE statistical bulletin.
[13] AOWD, 2020. Agricultural office Welmera District unpublished document.
[14] Yamane, Taro. (1967). Statistics: An Introductory Analysis, 2nd Ed. New York: Harper and Row. Zodpey, S P (2004): Sample size and power analysis in medical research.
[15] Mulatu, B. and Grando, S. 2011. Barley Research and Development in Ethiopia. Proceedings of the 2nd National Barley Research and Development Review Workshop.
[16] Alemu D. 2011. The Political Economy of Ethiopian Cereal Seed Systems: State Control, Market Liberalization and Decentralization. IDS Bulletin 42(4), July 2011: 69–77.
[17] Rahmato N, 2007. Determinants of adoption of improved haricot bean production package in alaba special woreda, southern Ethiopia. M. Sc.
[18] MoA (Ministry of Agriculture) 2018 Crop variety register Plant variety release, protection and seed quality control, Directorate issue No.21 pp 87-95 Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[19] HARC. 2021 Holeta agricultural research center unpublished working document.
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  • APA Style

    Mekonnen, E., Ayana, B. (2023). Current Practices of Farmers Adoption of Improved Food Barley Variety in Case Study of Welmera District of Oromia Region Ethiopia. International Journal of Agricultural Economics, 8(6), 267-273. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.16

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    ACS Style

    Mekonnen, E.; Ayana, B. Current Practices of Farmers Adoption of Improved Food Barley Variety in Case Study of Welmera District of Oromia Region Ethiopia. Int. J. Agric. Econ. 2023, 8(6), 267-273. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.16

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    AMA Style

    Mekonnen E, Ayana B. Current Practices of Farmers Adoption of Improved Food Barley Variety in Case Study of Welmera District of Oromia Region Ethiopia. Int J Agric Econ. 2023;8(6):267-273. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.16

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.16,
      author = {Endale Mekonnen and Bogale Ayana},
      title = {Current Practices of Farmers Adoption of Improved Food Barley Variety in Case Study of Welmera District of Oromia Region Ethiopia},
      journal = {International Journal of Agricultural Economics},
      volume = {8},
      number = {6},
      pages = {267-273},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.16},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.16},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijae.20230806.16},
      abstract = {This research activity was conducted in Welmera districts of west Shewa zone Oromia with the objective of examining the current practice of smallholder farmers toward the adoption of improved food barley varieties in the study area. Food barley is a stable grain, widely grown by farmers in Ethiopia's different highlands. One of the most important tactics for ensuring food security in the nations is seen to be improving its production. One of the most widely consumed and produced foods is food barley in the district. The aim of this research was to assess the current practices of farmers toward the adoption of improved food barley in the study area. This study used a three-stage sampling procedure in which purposive selection of district and Kebeles were selected by using random sampling. Stratified sampling was employed to identify adopters and non-adopters and simple random sampling was used to select respondents. The study is based on primary data collected from 142 samples selected through an interview schedule-assisted survey questionnaire. The findings of the study reveal that adopters and non-adopters of improved food barley varieties differ in their land preparation, fertilizer application, topdressing, weeding and protection practices, as well as seed preparation and seedling assessment In general, the study concluded that adopters were better practice recommended extension package. Therefore, the extension and research system should address these factors to provide solutions.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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    AU  - Endale Mekonnen
    AU  - Bogale Ayana
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    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.16
    T2  - International Journal of Agricultural Economics
    JF  - International Journal of Agricultural Economics
    JO  - International Journal of Agricultural Economics
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    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.16
    AB  - This research activity was conducted in Welmera districts of west Shewa zone Oromia with the objective of examining the current practice of smallholder farmers toward the adoption of improved food barley varieties in the study area. Food barley is a stable grain, widely grown by farmers in Ethiopia's different highlands. One of the most important tactics for ensuring food security in the nations is seen to be improving its production. One of the most widely consumed and produced foods is food barley in the district. The aim of this research was to assess the current practices of farmers toward the adoption of improved food barley in the study area. This study used a three-stage sampling procedure in which purposive selection of district and Kebeles were selected by using random sampling. Stratified sampling was employed to identify adopters and non-adopters and simple random sampling was used to select respondents. The study is based on primary data collected from 142 samples selected through an interview schedule-assisted survey questionnaire. The findings of the study reveal that adopters and non-adopters of improved food barley varieties differ in their land preparation, fertilizer application, topdressing, weeding and protection practices, as well as seed preparation and seedling assessment In general, the study concluded that adopters were better practice recommended extension package. Therefore, the extension and research system should address these factors to provide solutions.
    
    VL  - 8
    IS  - 6
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Holeta Agricultural Research Center, Holeta, Ethiopia

  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Holeta Agricultural Research Center, Holeta, Ethiopia

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