International Journal of Agricultural Economics

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Comparative Analysis of Small Scale Irrigation Users’ Household Income Among Smallholder Farmers: The Case of Horo District, Ethiopia

Received: Oct. 26, 2023    Accepted: Nov. 10, 2023    Published: Nov. 21, 2023
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Abstract

Agriculture is the mainstay of the country's economy and the major source of foreign exchange earnings and domestic consumption. To improve the prevailing low level of production and productivity the use of yield improving inputs is of paramount important. As the potential to increase production by bringing more resources into use became more and more limited, the efficiency with which the farmers use available resources has received the utmost attention. This being the case, in this study, an attempt was made to compare analysis of small scale irrigation users’ household income among small holder farmers. Allocations of the number of sample households 64 from non-user and 64 from users of irrigation and was proportional to the number of household for non-user and user of irrigation living in each sampled three kebels. Logit models were used to estimate determinants of household income. According to the finding of this study, Education of household head, Livestock holding measured in Tropical Livestock Unit (TLU), and Use of input have statistically and positive contribution to income. Therefore, the strengthening both formal and informal education and vocation or skill training, adequate veterinary service (improved breed), improved water supply points, introduce of timely and effective forage development program for Livestock holding, high yield variety to supply (provide) to households, awareness creation on management (how to use input, sowing and weeding) and to introduce new inputs like chemical fertilizers, new seeds, pesticides and etc.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.15
Published in International Journal of Agricultural Economics ( Volume 8, Issue 6, November 2023 )
Page(s) 257-266
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Logit, Small Scale Irrigation, Income, Smallholder Farmers

References
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[2] Abonesh Tesfaye, 2021. The Impact of Small Scale Irrigation on Household Food Securityand Assessment of Its Management Systems: The Case of Filtino and Godino Irrigation Schemes In Ada Liben District, East Shoa, Ethiopia.
[3] Aldrich, J. H., & F. D. Nelson (2017). Liner probability, logit and probit model: quantitative applications in the Social Science. Sera Miller McCun, Sage Pub. Inc, University of Minnesota and Iola, London.
[4] Ayele Getaneh Kebede. 2016. “The Impact of Selected Small-Scale Irrigation Schemes on Household Income and the Likelihood of Poverty in the Lake Tana Basin of Ethiopia.” Cornell University.
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[9] FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations), 2022. The state of food insecurity in the World. pp. 24-26. Monitoring progress towards the food summit and millennium development goals. Rome, Italy.
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[17] Kinfe Asayehegn, Chilot Yirga and S. Rajan (2020). Effect of small-scale irrigation on the income of rural farm households: The case of Laelay Maichew district, Central Tigray, Ethiopia. Journal of Stored Products and Postharvest Research, 2 (10), 208–215.
[18] Maddala G. S, 1992. Introduction to Econometrics, 2nd ed., Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey.
[19] Maddison A. 2016. Economic progress and Policy in Developing countries, New York: W. W. Norton and Co., 1970, pp. 34.
[20] Makombe T., 2017. Analysis of productivity and technical Efficiency of smallholder Cocoa Farmers in Nigeria. Journal of Social Science, 15 (2): 127-133.
[21] Quasem M. A., 2019. “Irrigation and household income, A case study of Bangladesh”; Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Economics, 17: (1 and 2) 61-85. Robel, Lambiso. 2005. Assessment of Design Practices and Performance Of Small-scale Irrigation Structures In South Region, M.Sc. Thesis, Arbaminch University, School of Graduate Studies.
[22] Samson Eshetu, Belayneh Belete, Degeye Goshu, Belay Kassa, Demeksa Tamiru, Estifanos Worku, Zelalem Lema, Addisu Delelegn, T. Josephine and Zemede Abebe. 2018. “Income Diversification through Improved Irrigation in Ethiopia: Impacts, Constraints and Prospects for Poverty Reduction Evidence from East Harerghe Zone, Oromia.
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  • APA Style

    Tolesa, S. F., Zeleke, G. F. (2023). Comparative Analysis of Small Scale Irrigation Users’ Household Income Among Smallholder Farmers: The Case of Horo District, Ethiopia. International Journal of Agricultural Economics, 8(6), 257-266. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.15

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    ACS Style

    Tolesa, S. F.; Zeleke, G. F. Comparative Analysis of Small Scale Irrigation Users’ Household Income Among Smallholder Farmers: The Case of Horo District, Ethiopia. Int. J. Agric. Econ. 2023, 8(6), 257-266. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.15

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    AMA Style

    Tolesa SF, Zeleke GF. Comparative Analysis of Small Scale Irrigation Users’ Household Income Among Smallholder Farmers: The Case of Horo District, Ethiopia. Int J Agric Econ. 2023;8(6):257-266. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.15

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.15,
      author = {Shibeshi Fekadu Tolesa and Gizahu Fetene Zeleke},
      title = {Comparative Analysis of Small Scale Irrigation Users’ Household Income Among Smallholder Farmers: The Case of Horo District, Ethiopia},
      journal = {International Journal of Agricultural Economics},
      volume = {8},
      number = {6},
      pages = {257-266},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.15},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.15},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijae.20230806.15},
      abstract = {Agriculture is the mainstay of the country's economy and the major source of foreign exchange earnings and domestic consumption. To improve the prevailing low level of production and productivity the use of yield improving inputs is of paramount important. As the potential to increase production by bringing more resources into use became more and more limited, the efficiency with which the farmers use available resources has received the utmost attention. This being the case, in this study, an attempt was made to compare analysis of small scale irrigation users’ household income among small holder farmers. Allocations of the number of sample households 64 from non-user and 64 from users of irrigation and was proportional to the number of household for non-user and user of irrigation living in each sampled three kebels. Logit models were used to estimate determinants of household income. According to the finding of this study, Education of household head, Livestock holding measured in Tropical Livestock Unit (TLU), and Use of input have statistically and positive contribution to income. Therefore, the strengthening both formal and informal education and vocation or skill training, adequate veterinary service (improved breed), improved water supply points, introduce of timely and effective forage development program for Livestock holding, high yield variety to supply (provide) to households, awareness creation on management (how to use input, sowing and weeding) and to introduce new inputs like chemical fertilizers, new seeds, pesticides and etc.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Comparative Analysis of Small Scale Irrigation Users’ Household Income Among Smallholder Farmers: The Case of Horo District, Ethiopia
    AU  - Shibeshi Fekadu Tolesa
    AU  - Gizahu Fetene Zeleke
    Y1  - 2023/11/21
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.15
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.15
    T2  - International Journal of Agricultural Economics
    JF  - International Journal of Agricultural Economics
    JO  - International Journal of Agricultural Economics
    SP  - 257
    EP  - 266
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2575-3843
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.15
    AB  - Agriculture is the mainstay of the country's economy and the major source of foreign exchange earnings and domestic consumption. To improve the prevailing low level of production and productivity the use of yield improving inputs is of paramount important. As the potential to increase production by bringing more resources into use became more and more limited, the efficiency with which the farmers use available resources has received the utmost attention. This being the case, in this study, an attempt was made to compare analysis of small scale irrigation users’ household income among small holder farmers. Allocations of the number of sample households 64 from non-user and 64 from users of irrigation and was proportional to the number of household for non-user and user of irrigation living in each sampled three kebels. Logit models were used to estimate determinants of household income. According to the finding of this study, Education of household head, Livestock holding measured in Tropical Livestock Unit (TLU), and Use of input have statistically and positive contribution to income. Therefore, the strengthening both formal and informal education and vocation or skill training, adequate veterinary service (improved breed), improved water supply points, introduce of timely and effective forage development program for Livestock holding, high yield variety to supply (provide) to households, awareness creation on management (how to use input, sowing and weeding) and to introduce new inputs like chemical fertilizers, new seeds, pesticides and etc.
    
    VL  - 8
    IS  - 6
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Natural Resource and Management and Agricultural Economics, Mattu University, Bedele Campus, Bedele, Ethiopia

  • Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Resource and Management and Economics, Wallaga University, Shambu Campus, Shambu, Ethiopia

  • Section