International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences

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Extent and Dynamics of Food Insecurity: The Case of Smallholder Farmers in Assosa District, Western Ethiopia

Received: 20 October 2023    Accepted: 6 November 2023    Published: 17 November 2023
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Abstract

Most of the African countries including Ethiopia are often characterized by problems of food insecurity. Despite several efforts made so far to improve the overall food insecurity situation, the challenge is still prevalent problem in Ethiopia. Hence this study was conducted with the specific objectives of examining the extent and dynamics of food insecurity in Assosa District, Western Ethiopia. In order to realize these objectives, data were collected from 138 randomly selected households in four randomly selected kebeles of the District. Besides, data was collected using household survey, focus group discussions (FGDs), and key informant interviews. Data was analyzed using food consumption score (FCS) and qualitative analysis. Based on world food program to calculate the food consumption score (FCS) results of food group, out of total respondents 81.16 percent of food insecurity household were poor food consumption groups. The other remaining 7.25 percent and 11.59 percent of food security households were borderline and acceptable food consumption group, respectively. This indicated that the extent of food insecurity of the households is high because most of households were found poor food consumption group. The result shows that between 2018 and 2019 food secure households declined from 42% to 38.41%, and food insecure households increased from 58% to 61.59%. Between 2020 and 2021, the proportion of food secure households declined from 21.74% to 18.84%, whereas the proportion of food insecure households increased from 78.26% to 81.16%. In year 2019, foods secure households declined by 3.59% and food insecure households increased by 3.59% from past year. While in 2021, foods secure households declined by 2.9% and food insecure households increased by 2.9% from 2020. This result shows the trend in food insecurity that shows increment from year to year due to unstable seasonal rainfall and climate change. Food security issues at the Assosa district require more in-depth and continued study outputs and proper use and implementation of the information gained as the area are found to be influenced by several, interlocked and site specific dynamic that, of course, require immediate and coordinated attention from different stakeholders.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijaas.20230906.11
Published in International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences (Volume 9, Issue 6, November 2023)
Page(s) 175-180
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Food Insecurity, Dynamics, Extent, Households, Food Consumption Score, Qualitative Data

References
[1] Agidew, Am. A., Singh, K. N. Determinants of food insecurity in the rural farm households in South Wollo Zone of Ethiopia: the case of the Teleyayen sub-watershed. Agric Econ 6, 10 (2018).
[2] Bureau of Finance and Economic Development (BoFED) (2017). Oromia atlas: Oromia Finance and Economic Development Bureau. Addis Ababa.
[3] Dione J (2004). Assuring food and nutritional security in Africa by 2020: A discussion paper for IFPRI.
[4] EPSNP. (2015). Soil carbon and fertility impact assessment. Ethiopia‘s Productive Safety Net Program (EPSNP):, Addis Ababa.
[5] European Union (EU) (2012). Effectiveness of European Union development aid for food security in Sub- Saharan Africa: Special report No. 1, 2012.
[6] Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia FDRE. (2002). Food Security Strategy in Ethiopia. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[7] FAO (2014). Food Security Indicators.
[8] FAO (2018) Trade Reforms and Food security: Conceptualizing the linkages.
[9] Fox, L., & Jayne, T. S. (2020, December 14). Africa in Focus: Unpacking the misconceptions About Africa’s food imports.
[10] World Food Program (WFP) (2006). A review of emergency food security assessment practice in Ethiopia: A study commissioned and prepared for World Food Programme, Rome.
[11] World Bank (2018) World Bank Open Data. World Bank Group, Washington, D. C.
[12] World Food Programme (WFP). (2018). Wfp.org/hunger, zero hunger challenges WFP, 2018.
[13] Yamane T. (1967). Statistics: An Introductory Analysis, 2nd Edition.
[14] Yared (1999) factors that influence peasant food security base.
[15] Zerihun Bekele. Determinants of Households’ Willingness to Pay for Soil Conservation Practices: The Case of Assosa District, Assosa Zone, Benishangul Gumuz Regional State, Ethiopia.
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  • APA Style

    Romanu Benti, T. (2023). Extent and Dynamics of Food Insecurity: The Case of Smallholder Farmers in Assosa District, Western Ethiopia. International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences, 9(6), 175-180. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijaas.20230906.11

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    ACS Style

    Romanu Benti, T. Extent and Dynamics of Food Insecurity: The Case of Smallholder Farmers in Assosa District, Western Ethiopia. Int. J. Appl. Agric. Sci. 2023, 9(6), 175-180. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20230906.11

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    AMA Style

    Romanu Benti T. Extent and Dynamics of Food Insecurity: The Case of Smallholder Farmers in Assosa District, Western Ethiopia. Int J Appl Agric Sci. 2023;9(6):175-180. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20230906.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijaas.20230906.11,
      author = {Teha Romanu Benti},
      title = {Extent and Dynamics of Food Insecurity: The Case of Smallholder Farmers in Assosa District, Western Ethiopia},
      journal = {International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences},
      volume = {9},
      number = {6},
      pages = {175-180},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijaas.20230906.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijaas.20230906.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijaas.20230906.11},
      abstract = {Most of the African countries including Ethiopia are often characterized by problems of food insecurity. Despite several efforts made so far to improve the overall food insecurity situation, the challenge is still prevalent problem in Ethiopia. Hence this study was conducted with the specific objectives of examining the extent and dynamics of food insecurity in Assosa District, Western Ethiopia. In order to realize these objectives, data were collected from 138 randomly selected households in four randomly selected kebeles of the District. Besides, data was collected using household survey, focus group discussions (FGDs), and key informant interviews. Data was analyzed using food consumption score (FCS) and qualitative analysis. Based on world food program to calculate the food consumption score (FCS) results of food group, out of total respondents 81.16 percent of food insecurity household were poor food consumption groups. The other remaining 7.25 percent and 11.59 percent of food security households were borderline and acceptable food consumption group, respectively. This indicated that the extent of food insecurity of the households is high because most of households were found poor food consumption group. The result shows that between 2018 and 2019 food secure households declined from 42% to 38.41%, and food insecure households increased from 58% to 61.59%. Between 2020 and 2021, the proportion of food secure households declined from 21.74% to 18.84%, whereas the proportion of food insecure households increased from 78.26% to 81.16%. In year 2019, foods secure households declined by 3.59% and food insecure households increased by 3.59% from past year. While in 2021, foods secure households declined by 2.9% and food insecure households increased by 2.9% from 2020. This result shows the trend in food insecurity that shows increment from year to year due to unstable seasonal rainfall and climate change. Food security issues at the Assosa district require more in-depth and continued study outputs and proper use and implementation of the information gained as the area are found to be influenced by several, interlocked and site specific dynamic that, of course, require immediate and coordinated attention from different stakeholders.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Extent and Dynamics of Food Insecurity: The Case of Smallholder Farmers in Assosa District, Western Ethiopia
    AU  - Teha Romanu Benti
    Y1  - 2023/11/17
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    JF  - International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
    JO  - International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
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Author Information
  • Natural Resource Management, Assosa Agricultural Technical and Vocational Education Training College, Assosa, Ethiopia

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