American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering

| Peer-Reviewed |

Performance Evaluation of Improved Sesbania sesban Varieties at Highland of Guji Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia

Received: Jul. 29, 2023    Accepted: Aug. 18, 2023    Published: Sep. 14, 2023
Views:       Downloads:

Share

Abstract

The study was conducted to evaluate the performance of four Sesbania sesban varieties including local check at Songo Baricha on station of Bore Agricultural Research Center (BOARC) during the main cropping season of 2019. The treatments evaluated were Sesbania sesban (DZF-092), Mancarata, Sesbania sesban (No-136) DZF-403 and local check in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. The collected data includes dry matter yield (DMY/tha-1), number of pruning, number of regeneration, Leaf to stem ratio and plant height. The analysis data showed that there were significant (p<0.05) difference among tested variety in dry matter yield, leaf to stem ratio, number of pruning and regeneration. The higher dry matter yield were recorded from Mancarat variety (6.87tha-1) followed by (DZF-092) (5.66tha-1). Leaf to stem ratio traits were also showed statistical significant (p<0.05) difference. Sesbania sesban (N0-136) performs higher (83%) followed by DZF-092 (72%). Seed yield was not shown statically significant (p>0.05) differences among tested varieties however, numerically, the maximum seed yield was obtained from Mancarata (3.75qha-1) followed by local check (3.07qha-1). Therefore, the Mancarata variety could be recommended for the study areas and similar agro-ecology however, further research should be done to put the recommendation on a strong basis.

DOI 10.11648/j.bio.20231104.11
Published in American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering ( Volume 11, Issue 4, August 2023 )
Page(s) 42-45
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Dry Matter Yield, Fodder Tree, Leaf to Stem Ratio, Sesbania Sesban, Performance

References
[1] Samson Leta and Frehiwot Mesele. (2014). spatial analysis of cattle and shoat population in Ethiopia: growth trend, distribution and market access. SpringerPlus, 3(1), pp. 1-10.
[2] Sintayehu, G., Samuel, A., Derek, B., and Ayele, S. (2010). Diagnostic study of live cattle and beef production and marketing. Constraints and opportunities for enhancing the system. The report commissioned by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation at the request of the Government of Ethiopia.
[3] Ethiopian institute of agricultural research (EIAR) Livestock research strategies. (2017). Feeds and nutrition, rangelands and animals health. Addis Ababa.
[4] Gelayenew B, Nurfeta A, Assefa G, Asebe G. (2016). Assessment of livestock feed resources in the farming systems of mixed and shifting cultivation, Gambella Regional State, Southwestern Ethiopia.
[5] Shelton, H. M. (2004a). Importance of tree resources for dry season feeding and the impact on productivity of livestock farms. In: L. ‘t Mannetje, L. Ramiriz,, M. Ibrahim, C. Sandoval, N. Ojeda & J. Ku (eds.) The importance of sylvopastoral system in rural livelihoods to provide ecosystem services. 2nd International symposium on silvopastoral systems, Merida, Mexico, 158-174.
[6] Alemayehu, M. (2002). Forage production in Ethiopia a case study with implications for livestock production. Ethiopian Society of Animal Production, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[7] Lemma, G., Abubeker, H. (1996). Influence of seedbed treatments on the establishment of and productivity of over sown legumes in natural pasture. In Fourth National conference of Ethiopian society of animal production.
[8] Nigussie, Z. and G. Alemayehu. Potential uses of an underutilized multipurpose tree in Ethiopia. (2013). Afr J. Plant Sci., 7(10): 468-475.
[9] Shelton, H. M. (2004b). Perspectives on forage tree legumes. In: S. G. Reynolds & J. Frame (eds.) Grasslands: developments opportunities perspectives. FAO and Science Pub. Inc., 87-118.
[10] Shelton, H. M. (1994). Tropical forage tree legumes in agroforestry systems. UNASYLVA-FAO-, pp. 25-32.
[11] Statistical Analysis System. (2002). SAS/STAT guide for personal computers. SAS Institute Inc. (9th edn), Cary, NC, USA.
[12] Negasu Gamachu, and Gizahu Wekgari. (2019). Adaptation study of improved fodder tree (sesbaniasesban (l.) merril) at haro sabu, kelem wollega, oromia, ethiopia.
[13] Tesfaye W, Furgasa TFWBM. Performance Evaluation of Improved Forage Trees (Sesbania sesban) Cultivars for Animal feed and Nutritional Quality in Highlands of East Hararghe Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia. Performance Evaluation. 2021; 106.
[14] Galang MC, Gutteridge RC, Shelton HM. The effect of cutting height and frequency on the productivity of Sesbania sesban var. Nubica in a sub-tropical environment. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Res. Rep. 1990; 8: 161-164.
Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Teshale Jabessa, Getachew Tesfaye, Ketema Bekele. (2023). Performance Evaluation of Improved Sesbania sesban Varieties at Highland of Guji Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia. American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, 11(4), 42-45. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.bio.20231104.11

    Copy | Download

    ACS Style

    Teshale Jabessa; Getachew Tesfaye; Ketema Bekele. Performance Evaluation of Improved Sesbania sesban Varieties at Highland of Guji Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia. Am. J. BioSci. Bioeng. 2023, 11(4), 42-45. doi: 10.11648/j.bio.20231104.11

    Copy | Download

    AMA Style

    Teshale Jabessa, Getachew Tesfaye, Ketema Bekele. Performance Evaluation of Improved Sesbania sesban Varieties at Highland of Guji Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia. Am J BioSci Bioeng. 2023;11(4):42-45. doi: 10.11648/j.bio.20231104.11

    Copy | Download

  • @article{10.11648/j.bio.20231104.11,
      author = {Teshale Jabessa and Getachew Tesfaye and Ketema Bekele},
      title = {Performance Evaluation of Improved Sesbania sesban Varieties at Highland of Guji Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia},
      journal = {American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering},
      volume = {11},
      number = {4},
      pages = {42-45},
      doi = {10.11648/j.bio.20231104.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.bio.20231104.11},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.bio.20231104.11},
      abstract = {The study was conducted to evaluate the performance of four Sesbania sesban varieties including local check at Songo Baricha on station of Bore Agricultural Research Center (BOARC) during the main cropping season of 2019. The treatments evaluated were Sesbania sesban (DZF-092), Mancarata, Sesbania sesban (No-136) DZF-403 and local check in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. The collected data includes dry matter yield (DMY/tha-1), number of pruning, number of regeneration, Leaf to stem ratio and plant height. The analysis data showed that there were significant (p-1) followed by (DZF-092) (5.66tha-1). Leaf to stem ratio traits were also showed statistical significant (p0.05) differences among tested varieties however, numerically, the maximum seed yield was obtained from Mancarata (3.75qha-1) followed by local check (3.07qha-1). Therefore, the Mancarata variety could be recommended for the study areas and similar agro-ecology however, further research should be done to put the recommendation on a strong basis.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

    Copy | Download

  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Performance Evaluation of Improved Sesbania sesban Varieties at Highland of Guji Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia
    AU  - Teshale Jabessa
    AU  - Getachew Tesfaye
    AU  - Ketema Bekele
    Y1  - 2023/09/14
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.bio.20231104.11
    DO  - 10.11648/j.bio.20231104.11
    T2  - American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
    JF  - American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
    JO  - American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
    SP  - 42
    EP  - 45
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2328-5893
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.bio.20231104.11
    AB  - The study was conducted to evaluate the performance of four Sesbania sesban varieties including local check at Songo Baricha on station of Bore Agricultural Research Center (BOARC) during the main cropping season of 2019. The treatments evaluated were Sesbania sesban (DZF-092), Mancarata, Sesbania sesban (No-136) DZF-403 and local check in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) with three replications. The collected data includes dry matter yield (DMY/tha-1), number of pruning, number of regeneration, Leaf to stem ratio and plant height. The analysis data showed that there were significant (p-1) followed by (DZF-092) (5.66tha-1). Leaf to stem ratio traits were also showed statistical significant (p0.05) differences among tested varieties however, numerically, the maximum seed yield was obtained from Mancarata (3.75qha-1) followed by local check (3.07qha-1). Therefore, the Mancarata variety could be recommended for the study areas and similar agro-ecology however, further research should be done to put the recommendation on a strong basis.
    VL  - 11
    IS  - 4
    ER  - 

    Copy | Download

Author Information
  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Bore Agricultural Research Center, Bore, Ethiopia

  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Bore Agricultural Research Center, Bore, Ethiopia

  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Bore Agricultural Research Center, Bore, Ethiopia

  • Section