American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering

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Promotion of Advanced Teff Technologies Using Large-Scale Demonstration Approach in Potential Areas of West Shewa Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia

Received: 5 January 2024    Accepted: 19 January 2024    Published: 5 February 2024
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Abstract

The study was designed to promote and disseminate improved teff varieties both in West Shewa and South west Shewa Zones six districts and Ambo town, Oromia region Ethiopia during 2020 – 2022 cropping season. The selection of Districts, kebeles and host farmers were done together with districts Agriculture Office and the extension team. Potential Kebeles were selected in order to conduct the large-scale demonstration activity two potential Kebeles from the districts and participant farmers were selected based on their interest and availability of adjacent farm plots with a minimum 0.25 ha per head. Thus, 15 clusters were formed, 241 farmers (Male 201 and female 40) directly participated in these demonstrations, and 132 ha of land was covered by improved teff technologies. Before implementing the pre-scaling up activity in all selected areas, capacity building was carried out for stakeholders. Among the participants, training was provided to 342 farmers, 46 DAs, and 27 Experts who worked in both zones and Ambo town. Three improved teff varieties (Dagim, Quncho and Boset), those preferred and selected by farmers during PED were used with their full recommended practices. As a result, in every clustered district, the yields from those varieties outperformed the local variety of an identical crop. The Dagim variety yielded an average of 2.2 tons/ha from the cluster, Quncho 1.9 tons/ha, and Boset 2.25 tons/ha respectively. These yields exceeded the Zone's yield advantage of 2.128 tons/ha, higher above the average for the region (1.34 tons/ha) and the country (1.914 tons/ha) respectively based on CSA data of 2021. In order to fulfill the intended goal of providing the variety to a sufficient number of farmers and enhancing the productivity and output of the commodity in other places, it is imperative that the relationships between actors and important prospective stakeholders be strengthened.

DOI 10.11648/bio.20241201.12
Published in American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering (Volume 12, Issue 1, February 2024)
Page(s) 7-11
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Dagim Variety, Linkages, Productivity, West Shewa Zone

References
[1] CSA, 2021. The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. CAS Agricultural Sample Survey 2021(2014 E. C.): Report on Area and Production of Major Crops (Private Peasant Holdings, Meher Season), Volume I. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[2] CSA (Central Statistical Agency) 2020Agricultural Sample Survey 2019/2020.Area and Production of Major Crops.(Private Peasant Holdings, Meher Season) Addis Ababa CSA.
[3] Dawit Milkias 2020. Factors Affecting High Yielding Teff Varieties Adoption Intensity by Small Holder Farmers in West Showa Zone, Ethiopia. International Journal of Economy, Energy and Environment. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2020, pp. 6-13. Doi: 10.11648/j.ijeee.20200501.12.
[4] Demeke M., an F. Di Marcantonio. 2013Analysis of Incentives and Disincentives for Teff in Ethiopia. Technical notes series. Rome: Monitoring African Food and Agricultural Policies (MAFAP).
[5] Fufa Bekabil, et al, 2011. “Strengthening the teff value chain in Ethiopia.” Mimeo, Agricultural Transformation Agency (ATA), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[6] FAO (2016). Plant Production and Protection Series. Accessed oct 2019 at http://www.fao.org/
[7] Minten, B.A.S Taffesse, and P Brown. 2018. The economics of teff. Exploring Ethiopia's biggest cash crop. International Food Policy Research Institute (IF PRI)
[8] Refissa Leta. 2012. Effects of sowing methods and fertilizer types on yield and yield components of tef (Eragrostis tef) at Guduru woreda, Western Oromia, Ethiopia. M.Sc. thesis, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia.
[9] West Shewa Zone office ARD, 20122: Activity performance reports. West Shewa zone, Oromia region Ethiopia (Un published report).
[10] South-West Shewa Zone office ARD, 2022: Activity performance reports. South West Shewa zone, Oromia region Ethiopia (Un published report).
[11] Yenenesh Duguma, Dawit Milkias. Pre-extension Demonstration of Improved Teff Variety (Dagim) at Ambo and Dandi Districts of West Shoa Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. International Journal of Agricultural Economics. Vol. 6, No. 5, 2021, pp. 208-211. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20210605.11.
[12] S. Adera 2016, Response of Tef (Eragrostis tef) to Different Blended Fertilizer Rates on Vertisols in Jama District, North eastern Ethiopia. M.Sc Thesis Summited Haramaya University, Haramaya.
[13] Fantu, 2015: Summary of ESSP Working Paper 89 Productivity and efficiency of small holder Teff farmers in Ethiopia.
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    Gerbi, S., Milkias, D., Duguma, Y. (2024). Promotion of Advanced Teff Technologies Using Large-Scale Demonstration Approach in Potential Areas of West Shewa Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering, 12(1), 7-11. https://doi.org/10.11648/bio.20241201.12

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    ACS Style

    Gerbi, S.; Milkias, D.; Duguma, Y. Promotion of Advanced Teff Technologies Using Large-Scale Demonstration Approach in Potential Areas of West Shewa Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. Am. J. BioSci. Bioeng. 2024, 12(1), 7-11. doi: 10.11648/bio.20241201.12

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    AMA Style

    Gerbi S, Milkias D, Duguma Y. Promotion of Advanced Teff Technologies Using Large-Scale Demonstration Approach in Potential Areas of West Shewa Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. Am J BioSci Bioeng. 2024;12(1):7-11. doi: 10.11648/bio.20241201.12

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  • @article{10.11648/bio.20241201.12,
      author = {Soruma Gerbi and Dawit Milkias and Yenenesh Duguma},
      title = {Promotion of Advanced Teff Technologies Using Large-Scale Demonstration Approach in Potential Areas of West Shewa Zone, Oromia Region, Ethiopia},
      journal = {American Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering},
      volume = {12},
      number = {1},
      pages = {7-11},
      doi = {10.11648/bio.20241201.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/bio.20241201.12},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.bio.20241201.12},
      abstract = {The study was designed to promote and disseminate improved teff varieties both in West Shewa and South west Shewa Zones six districts and Ambo town, Oromia region Ethiopia during 2020 – 2022 cropping season. The selection of Districts, kebeles and host farmers were done together with districts Agriculture Office and the extension team. Potential Kebeles were selected in order to conduct the large-scale demonstration activity two potential Kebeles from the districts and participant farmers were selected based on their interest and availability of adjacent farm plots with a minimum 0.25 ha per head. Thus, 15 clusters were formed, 241 farmers (Male 201 and female 40) directly participated in these demonstrations, and 132 ha of land was covered by improved teff technologies. Before implementing the pre-scaling up activity in all selected areas, capacity building was carried out for stakeholders. Among the participants, training was provided to 342 farmers, 46 DAs, and 27 Experts who worked in both zones and Ambo town. Three improved teff varieties (Dagim, Quncho and Boset), those preferred and selected by farmers during PED were used with their full recommended practices. As a result, in every clustered district, the yields from those varieties outperformed the local variety of an identical crop. The Dagim variety yielded an average of 2.2 tons/ha from the cluster, Quncho 1.9 tons/ha, and Boset 2.25 tons/ha respectively. These yields exceeded the Zone's yield advantage of 2.128 tons/ha, higher above the average for the region (1.34 tons/ha) and the country (1.914 tons/ha) respectively based on CSA data of 2021. In order to fulfill the intended goal of providing the variety to a sufficient number of farmers and enhancing the productivity and output of the commodity in other places, it is imperative that the relationships between actors and important prospective stakeholders be strengthened.
    },
     year = {2024}
    }
    

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    AB  - The study was designed to promote and disseminate improved teff varieties both in West Shewa and South west Shewa Zones six districts and Ambo town, Oromia region Ethiopia during 2020 – 2022 cropping season. The selection of Districts, kebeles and host farmers were done together with districts Agriculture Office and the extension team. Potential Kebeles were selected in order to conduct the large-scale demonstration activity two potential Kebeles from the districts and participant farmers were selected based on their interest and availability of adjacent farm plots with a minimum 0.25 ha per head. Thus, 15 clusters were formed, 241 farmers (Male 201 and female 40) directly participated in these demonstrations, and 132 ha of land was covered by improved teff technologies. Before implementing the pre-scaling up activity in all selected areas, capacity building was carried out for stakeholders. Among the participants, training was provided to 342 farmers, 46 DAs, and 27 Experts who worked in both zones and Ambo town. Three improved teff varieties (Dagim, Quncho and Boset), those preferred and selected by farmers during PED were used with their full recommended practices. As a result, in every clustered district, the yields from those varieties outperformed the local variety of an identical crop. The Dagim variety yielded an average of 2.2 tons/ha from the cluster, Quncho 1.9 tons/ha, and Boset 2.25 tons/ha respectively. These yields exceeded the Zone's yield advantage of 2.128 tons/ha, higher above the average for the region (1.34 tons/ha) and the country (1.914 tons/ha) respectively based on CSA data of 2021. In order to fulfill the intended goal of providing the variety to a sufficient number of farmers and enhancing the productivity and output of the commodity in other places, it is imperative that the relationships between actors and important prospective stakeholders be strengthened.
    
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Author Information
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ambo Agricultural Research Center, Ambo, Ethiopia

  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ambo Agricultural Research Center, Ambo, Ethiopia

  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Ambo Agricultural Research Center, Ambo, Ethiopia

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