Applied Engineering

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Attaining Productivity Enhancement Through Worker Satisfaction on Readymade Garments Sector of Bangladesh

Received: Aug. 28, 2020    Accepted: Sep. 15, 2020    Published: Sep. 25, 2020
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Abstract

When the cornerstone of Bangladesh's economy, the Readymade Garments (RMG) sector, is proliferating vigorously, some intrinsic disgraceful factors are thwarting its progress. The absence of proper worker satisfaction is a significant one. Several research works done before indisputably demonstrated a strong relationship between worker satisfaction and its correlation with productivity improvement. This research reveals worker satisfaction as an integral factor of productivity enhancement in the RMG sector of Bangladesh. Moreover, it addresses how productivity enhancement is highly influenced by different elements of worker satisfaction. After identifying the factors from previous literature, the impact of those factors was analyzed. A questionnaire containing different factors of employee satisfaction was used for collecting necessary data. The survey presented a range of options from (1-5), depicting “strongly disagree” to “strongly agree” for collecting their feedback. Finally, after the data collection, productivity improvement through worker satisfaction has been investigated by using hypothesis testing—some satisfaction related factors have also been scrutinized to get a better result. As the RMG sector plays the predominant role in the Bangladesh economy, this research will help the factory owner and Managers to ensure worker satisfaction and production enhancement. This paper argues to focus on those factors which directly influence worker satisfaction intending to increase the productivity of the RMG sector as well as buttressing Bangladesh's economy.

DOI 10.11648/j.ae.20200402.14
Published in Applied Engineering ( Volume 4, Issue 2, December 2020 )
Page(s) 47-54
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

RMG Sector, Productivity Enhancement, Worker Satisfaction, Hypothesis Testing (Questionnaire Survey Based)

References
[1] Rubel, M. R. B. and D. M. H. Kee, (2013), Perceived Support and Employee Performance: The Mediating Role of Employee Engagement. Life Science Journal, 10 (4): 2557-2567.
[2] Hoque, F. (2015). Level of Job Satisfaction of Garments Worker: A Case Study on Savar Area in Dhaka District. International journal of Research in Commerce, It & Management, 3 (5), 151–158.
[3] Aslam R & Shumaila S et al, (2011), Work Family Conflicts: Relationship between Work Life Conflict and Employee Retention A Comparative Study of Public and Private Sector Employees. Interdisciplinary Journal of Research in Business, 1 (2), 18-29.
[4] Berik G & Rodger Y, (2008), Options for Enforcing Labor Standards: Lessons from Bangladesh and Combodia. Journal of International Development, 22, 56–85.
[5] Hossan C G & Sarker A R et al. (2012) Recent unrest in RMG sector of Bangladesh: Is this an outcome of Poor Labour Practices? International Journal of Business and Management, 7 (3): 206-218.
[6] Miller H & Rosse J, (2002), Emotional reserve and adaptation to job dissatisfaction, The psychology of work: theoretically based empirical research. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbau.
[7] Khan, S.I. 2001. Trade Unions, Gender Issues and the Ready-Made Garment Industry in Bangladesh. www.unrisd.org/.../8DDEE7A220A7A155C1256D5500425415.
[8] Islam and Swierczek (2003), Job Satisfaction Impact of Technological Change on Women Garment Workers in Bangladesh. Journal of Business Administration, 29 (2), 21-30.
[9] Bangladesh Bank (2019), Quarterly Review on RMG: October-December FY19, Research Department, External Economics Division.
[10] BGMEA (2014). Member lists. Dhaka: Bangladesh Garment Manufacturers and Exporters Association. Available at: http://www.bgmea.com.bd/home/about [Accessed 21 October 16].
[11] BKMEA (2016) “Facts and Figures of Knitwear Sector.” Narayanganj: Bangladesh Knitwear Manufacturers and Exporters Association. Available at: http://www.bkmea.com/facts_figures.php.
[12] Rogers, W. (2010), Fire Kills Garment Workers: Workers Protest Low Wages. The working conditions and wages of workers in the Bangladesh, Wordpress.
[13] Markos, S., Pradesh, A. and Sridevi, M. (2010) “Employee Engagement: The Key to Improving Performance”. International Journal of Business and Management, 5 (12): 89-96.
[14] CIPD (2013). “Employee Engagement”. London: Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development. Available at: http://www.ci.
[15] pd.co.uk/hr-resources/factsheets/employee-engagement.aspx.
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  • APA Style

    Md. Arifur Rahman, Reashad Bin Kabir. (2020). Attaining Productivity Enhancement Through Worker Satisfaction on Readymade Garments Sector of Bangladesh. Applied Engineering, 4(2), 47-54. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ae.20200402.14

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    ACS Style

    Md. Arifur Rahman; Reashad Bin Kabir. Attaining Productivity Enhancement Through Worker Satisfaction on Readymade Garments Sector of Bangladesh. Appl. Eng. 2020, 4(2), 47-54. doi: 10.11648/j.ae.20200402.14

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    AMA Style

    Md. Arifur Rahman, Reashad Bin Kabir. Attaining Productivity Enhancement Through Worker Satisfaction on Readymade Garments Sector of Bangladesh. Appl Eng. 2020;4(2):47-54. doi: 10.11648/j.ae.20200402.14

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ae.20200402.14,
      author = {Md. Arifur Rahman and Reashad Bin Kabir},
      title = {Attaining Productivity Enhancement Through Worker Satisfaction on Readymade Garments Sector of Bangladesh},
      journal = {Applied Engineering},
      volume = {4},
      number = {2},
      pages = {47-54},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ae.20200402.14},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ae.20200402.14},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ae.20200402.14},
      abstract = {When the cornerstone of Bangladesh's economy, the Readymade Garments (RMG) sector, is proliferating vigorously, some intrinsic disgraceful factors are thwarting its progress. The absence of proper worker satisfaction is a significant one. Several research works done before indisputably demonstrated a strong relationship between worker satisfaction and its correlation with productivity improvement. This research reveals worker satisfaction as an integral factor of productivity enhancement in the RMG sector of Bangladesh. Moreover, it addresses how productivity enhancement is highly influenced by different elements of worker satisfaction. After identifying the factors from previous literature, the impact of those factors was analyzed. A questionnaire containing different factors of employee satisfaction was used for collecting necessary data. The survey presented a range of options from (1-5), depicting “strongly disagree” to “strongly agree” for collecting their feedback. Finally, after the data collection, productivity improvement through worker satisfaction has been investigated by using hypothesis testing—some satisfaction related factors have also been scrutinized to get a better result. As the RMG sector plays the predominant role in the Bangladesh economy, this research will help the factory owner and Managers to ensure worker satisfaction and production enhancement. This paper argues to focus on those factors which directly influence worker satisfaction intending to increase the productivity of the RMG sector as well as buttressing Bangladesh's economy.},
     year = {2020}
    }
    

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    AU  - Md. Arifur Rahman
    AU  - Reashad Bin Kabir
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    DO  - 10.11648/j.ae.20200402.14
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    JO  - Applied Engineering
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    PB  - Science Publishing Group
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    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ae.20200402.14
    AB  - When the cornerstone of Bangladesh's economy, the Readymade Garments (RMG) sector, is proliferating vigorously, some intrinsic disgraceful factors are thwarting its progress. The absence of proper worker satisfaction is a significant one. Several research works done before indisputably demonstrated a strong relationship between worker satisfaction and its correlation with productivity improvement. This research reveals worker satisfaction as an integral factor of productivity enhancement in the RMG sector of Bangladesh. Moreover, it addresses how productivity enhancement is highly influenced by different elements of worker satisfaction. After identifying the factors from previous literature, the impact of those factors was analyzed. A questionnaire containing different factors of employee satisfaction was used for collecting necessary data. The survey presented a range of options from (1-5), depicting “strongly disagree” to “strongly agree” for collecting their feedback. Finally, after the data collection, productivity improvement through worker satisfaction has been investigated by using hypothesis testing—some satisfaction related factors have also been scrutinized to get a better result. As the RMG sector plays the predominant role in the Bangladesh economy, this research will help the factory owner and Managers to ensure worker satisfaction and production enhancement. This paper argues to focus on those factors which directly influence worker satisfaction intending to increase the productivity of the RMG sector as well as buttressing Bangladesh's economy.
    VL  - 4
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Author Information
  • Knitting Production, Apex Fashion Wear Ltd., Dhaka, Bangladesh

  • Department of Apparel Manufacturing Management and Technology, Shanto-Maraim University of Creative Technology, Dhaka, Bangladesh

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