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Research Article |

Spatio-Temporal Trend of Water Related Diseases Incidence Across Campuses of Government Owned Tertiary Institutions in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria

The prevalence of water related sicknesses occurrence observed among students of Government owned tertiary institutions in Port Harcourt, Rivers State necessitated this study. The quasi- experimental research design was used and data relating to water related sicknesses were obtained from the archives of the health centres in the various institutions were. Water samples from the different sources of drinking water in the campuses investigated were collected and analyzed using standard laboratory techniques. The results revealed that there was a statistically significant variation in incidence of water related sicknesses at the various campuses spatially (TF- F= 12.071, p = 0.000; DL- F= 12.008, p = 0.000; DY- F= 9.017, p = 0.000; SR- F= 5.388, p = 0.004; AD- F= 3.037, p = 0.041) and on temporal basis (2018- F= 50.444, p = 0.000; 2019- F= 20.533, p = 0.000; 2020- F= 7.215, p = 0.001; 2021- F= 7.515, p = 0.001; 2022- F= 17.613., p = 0.000). The microbial content of the water samples revealed the presence of total coliforms, faecal coliforms and E. Coli showing that the water consumed on the campuses is not potable. It is evident that the status of available sources of water consumed has a significant correlation with the reported cases of water related illnesses amongst members of the university community. The recommendations made includes, immediate declaration of state of emergency on the water sources on the campuses, formation of an effective and sustainable water quality monitoring and assessment committee, encouragement of high level of personal hygiene among students, enforcement of University wide sanitation taskforce, and routine check and maintenance of septic tanks to watch out for possible leakages.

Prevalence, Waterborne Diseases, Incidence, Spatio-Temporal, Trend

APA Style

Imiete, G., Chizia Ebenezer, H., Barinua Tsaro Kpang, M. (2023). Spatio-Temporal Trend of Water Related Diseases Incidence Across Campuses of Government Owned Tertiary Institutions in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. International Journal of Infectious Diseases and Therapy, 8(4), 132-140.

ACS Style

Imiete, G.; Chizia Ebenezer, H.; Barinua Tsaro Kpang, M. Spatio-Temporal Trend of Water Related Diseases Incidence Across Campuses of Government Owned Tertiary Institutions in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. Int. J. Infect. Dis. Ther. 2023, 8(4), 132-140. doi: 10.11648/j.ijidt.20230804.12

AMA Style

Imiete G, Chizia Ebenezer H, Barinua Tsaro Kpang M. Spatio-Temporal Trend of Water Related Diseases Incidence Across Campuses of Government Owned Tertiary Institutions in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. Int J Infect Dis Ther. 2023;8(4):132-140. doi: 10.11648/j.ijidt.20230804.12

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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