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Research Article |

Wealth Creation and Poverty Reduction Among Small Scale and Artisanal Miners: A Scoping Review of the Cooperative Approach

This paper examines whether or not cooperatives increase and accelerate wealth creation among Small Scale and Artisanal Miners. The objective being to contribute to finding a common ground for policy formulation and implementation in the Artisanal and Small-Scale Mining (ASM) sector. The methodology adopted was a scoping review of published research papers. A comprehensive search was carried out using SCISPACE together with its extension copilot advanced search for articles published between 2001 and 2021. The results of the study were achieved by establishing linkages between Cooperatives and ASM performance. The search was limited to English language, and scholarly peer-reviewed papers. A total of 20 research papers were found to be eligible for review (based on our inclusion and exclusion criteria). This paper finds that there is a case for positive and negative impact of cooperatives on wealth creation and poverty reduction in the ASM sector. However, there is need for more empirical studies in the ASM sector on the impact of cooperatives. Further, studies conducted in other sectors that have shown positive results, there has been no attempt to show the impact of the phenomenon of the “Tragedy of the Commons” in the cooperatives and how it can be mitigated.

Cooperative, Wealth Creation, Poverty Reduction, Artisanal Miners

APA Style

Richard Musukwa, Frank Mukwilima, Eustakio Kazonga, Bomani Mapeto. (2023). Wealth Creation and Poverty Reduction Among Small Scale and Artisanal Miners: A Scoping Review of the Cooperative Approach . International Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization, 11(4), 154-163.

ACS Style

Richard Musukwa; Frank Mukwilima; Eustakio Kazonga; Bomani Mapeto. Wealth Creation and Poverty Reduction Among Small Scale and Artisanal Miners: A Scoping Review of the Cooperative Approach . Int. J. Econ. Behav. Organ. 2023, 11(4), 154-163. doi: 10.11648/j.ijebo.20231104.11

AMA Style

Richard Musukwa, Frank Mukwilima, Eustakio Kazonga, Bomani Mapeto. Wealth Creation and Poverty Reduction Among Small Scale and Artisanal Miners: A Scoping Review of the Cooperative Approach . Int J Econ Behav Organ. 2023;11(4):154-163. doi: 10.11648/j.ijebo.20231104.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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