International Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Clinical Science

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Research Article |

Bile Duct Segmentation Methods Under 3D Slicer Applied to ERCP: Advantages and Disadvantages

This article presents an evaluation of biliary tract segmentation methods used for 3D reconstruction, which may be very usefull in various critical interventions, such as endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), using the 3D Slicer software. This article provides an assessment of biliary tract segmentation techniques employed for 3D reconstruction, which can prove highly valuable in diverse critical procedures like endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) through the utilization of 3D Slicer software. Three different methods, namely thresholding, flood filling, and region growing, were assessed in terms of their advantages and disadvantages. The study involved 10 patient cases and employed quantitative indices and qualitative evaluation to assess the segmentations obtained by the different segmentation methods against ground truth. The results indicate that the thresholding method is almost manual and time-consuming, while the flood filling method is semi-automatic and also time-consuming. Although both methods improve segmentation quality, they are not reproducible. Therefore, an automatic method based on region growing was developed to reduce segmentation time, albeit at the expense of quality. These findings highlight the pros and cons of different conventional segmentation methods and underscore the need to explore alternative approaches, such as deep learning, to optimize biliary tract segmentation in the context of ERCP.

Segmentation, Biliary Tract, MRI Images, ERCP, U-Net

APA Style

Essamlali, A., Millot-Maysounabe, V., Chartier, M., Salin, G., Becq, A., et al. (2023). Bile Duct Segmentation Methods Under 3D Slicer Applied to ERCP: Advantages and Disadvantages. International Journal of Biomedical Engineering and Clinical Science, 9(4), 66-74.

ACS Style

Essamlali, A.; Millot-Maysounabe, V.; Chartier, M.; Salin, G.; Becq, A., et al. Bile Duct Segmentation Methods Under 3D Slicer Applied to ERCP: Advantages and Disadvantages. Int. J. Biomed. Eng. Clin. Sci. 2023, 9(4), 66-74. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbecs.20230904.11

AMA Style

Essamlali A, Millot-Maysounabe V, Chartier M, Salin G, Becq A, et al. Bile Duct Segmentation Methods Under 3D Slicer Applied to ERCP: Advantages and Disadvantages. Int J Biomed Eng Clin Sci. 2023;9(4):66-74. doi: 10.11648/j.ijbecs.20230904.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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