International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Housing Modification as Predictors for Residential Satisfaction in Apo Resettlement, Abuja Nigeria

For more than 15 years resettlement housing has been associated with Abuja development policy for resettling of its aboriginal inhabitant people, implemented by the Federal Capital Development Authority (FCDA). The housing scheme is significantly undergoing a periods of housing modification, which the study is evaluating with regard to changes made to both internal and external features and how the residents perceived their building in the immediate environment. A cross-sectional surveyed sample of 250 housing units representing about 28.51% of the total number of housing dwelling in the resettlement scheme, were administered questionnaires to respondents from each of the five (5) extension zones. A total of 186 questionnaires representing 74.40% of the distributed questionnaires were retrieved and used as valid response, which indicate a very high response rate. Data from 5 point likert were used to analyze residents’ satisfaction with their housing modification were 30 variables associated with building modification, Data from uni-variate analytical method and inferential statistical revealed that housing satisfaction of Apo residents ‘were as a result of it open spaces configuration that were identified as a key predictors which impacts on housing modification. This exploratory research gives an insight into the potential for accessible architecture to impact in improving and developing future of housing resettlement projects and policies decision in a country permanently exposed to displacement and also the sustainability of new housing developments.

Apo-Abuja, Built-Environment, Housing-Modification, Resettlement, Residential Satisfaction

APA Style

Unah Mathew Okopi. (2022). Housing Modification as Predictors for Residential Satisfaction in Apo Resettlement, Abuja Nigeria. International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications, 8(3), 130-142. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijaaa.20220803.15

ACS Style

Unah Mathew Okopi. Housing Modification as Predictors for Residential Satisfaction in Apo Resettlement, Abuja Nigeria. Int. J. Archit. Arts Appl. 2022, 8(3), 130-142. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaaa.20220803.15

AMA Style

Unah Mathew Okopi. Housing Modification as Predictors for Residential Satisfaction in Apo Resettlement, Abuja Nigeria. Int J Archit Arts Appl. 2022;8(3):130-142. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaaa.20220803.15

Copyright © 2022 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Babalola, O. D., Ibem, E. O., Olotuah, A. O., Opoko, A. P., Adewale, B. A. and Fulani, O. A. (2020). “Housing quality and its predictors in public residential estates in Lagos, Nigeria”, Environ Dev. Sustain 22, 3973–4005 https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-019-00367-8.
2. Opoko, A. P., Ibem, E. O. and Adeyemi, E. A. (2015). Housing aspiration in an informal urban settlement: A case study. Urbani izziv, volume 26, no. 2,
3. Unah, M. O. (2019). Residential Housing Redevelopment and its Impact on Asokoro District of Abuja Nigeria, Online Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Infrastructural Development (ICSID) Covenant University Canaan Land, Ota Nigeria, June 24th -28th, 2019. Available online at: open access: IOP Conf. Series|: Materials Sience and Engineering open access 640 012011, Doi: 10.1088/1757-899Xc/640/1/012011.
4. Unah, M. O. (2021b). Homeownership determinant of Neighborhood Satisfaction in Medium Density Public Housing in Kano, Nigeria. Paper presented at 1st International Conference on Sustainable Built Environment in Tropics (iconsbet 2021) 26th -27th October, Bayero University Kano.
5. Ibem, E. O., Anosike, M. N. and Azuh, D. E. (2011). Challenges in public housing provision in the post-independence era in Nigeria. International Journal of Human Sciences. 8 (2), 421-443.
6. Jiboye, A. D. (2011). Evaluating public housing performance: providing a basis for residential quality improvement in Nigeria. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 9 (2), 225-232.
7. Olotuah, A. O. and Bobadoye, S. A (2009). Sustainable Housing Provision for the Urban Poor: A Review of Public Sector Intervention in Nigeria. The Built & Human Environment Review. (2) 51-63.
8. Unah, M. O. (2021a). Urban Growth and Sustainable Development of the Built Environment in Abuja Metropolis. LAUTECH Journal of Civil and Environmental Studies Vol. 7, Issue 2; open access DOI: 10.36108/laujoces/1202.70.0240.
9. Altan, H., Gasperini, N., Sam Moshaver, S. and Antonio Frattari, A. (2015). Redesigning Terraced Social Housing in the UK for Flexibility Using Building Energy Simulation with Consideration of Passive Design Sustainability, 7, 5488-5507; doi: 10.3390/su7055488.
10. Aduwo, E. B., Ibem, E. O. and Opoko A. P. (2013). Residents’ Transformation of Dwelling Units in Public Housing Estates in Lagos, Nigeria: Implications for Policy and practice. International Journal of Education and Research, Vol. 1 No. 4, 5-2.
11. Unah, M. O. and Ibrahim, S. K. (2021). Building Redevelopment: An Assessment of Second House owner Compliance in Medium Density Public Housing Estate Kano, Nigeria Savanna journal ABU Zaria regular edition.
12. Unah, M. O. and Ibrahim, Y. B. (2019). Urbanization and Development Control Management of Sustainable Growth in Nigeria. paper presented at the Environmental Management Association of Nigeria (EMAN), Book of Proceedings, 2019 Annual Conference, theme: Toward Sustainable Management of Nigeria’s Urban Environment, at Grand Cubana Hotel, Abuja Nov. 6th -8th.
13. Aduwo, E. B. (2011). Housing Transformation and its Impact on Neighborhoods in Selected Low-Income Public Housing Estates in Lagos, Nigeria, PhD Thesis Department of Architecture, Covenant University, and Canaan land Ota, Ogun State Nigeria.
14. Tipple, G. (2000). Extending Themselves: User Initiated Transformations of Government-built Housing in Developing Countries. Liverpool University Press.
15. Whitehand, J. W. R. & Christine M. H. Carr (1999). The Changing Fabrics of Ordinary Residential Areas, Urban Stud; 36; 1661.
16. Adegbehingbe, V. O. (2012). Evaluation of involvement of built environment professionals in Housing Transformation processes in three government housing estates in South- Western, Nigeria in: Laryea, S., Agyepong, S. A., Leiringer, R. and Hughes, W. (Eds) Procs 4th West Africa Built Environment Research (WABER) Conference, 24-26 July (Abuja, Nigeria, 2012): 83-89.
17. Alagbe, O. A. and Aduwo, E. B. (2014). The Impact of Housing Transformation on Residents’ Quality of Life: A Case Study of Low-Income Housing Estate, Ipaja, Lagos. Covenant Journal of Research in the Built Environment (CJRBE) Vol. 2, No. 2.
18. Federal Capital Development Authority (FCDA, 2008). The Master Plan for Abuja, the New Federal Capital of Nigeria. Report of the Ministerial Committee on Mass Housing.
19. Isah, A. D., Khan T. H. and Ahmad, A. S. (2015a). Design Implications: Impact of Socio-Physical Setting on Public Housing Transformation in Nigeria. Journal of Management Research. 7 (2), 55-70.
20. Habraken, N. J. (1972). Supports: an alternative to mass Housing. Architectural Press London. IN.
21. Tipple, A. G., Owusu, S. E., Pritchard, C. (2004). User-initiated extensions in government-built estates in Ghana and Zimbabwe: Unconventional but effective housing supply. Africa today. 51 (2), 2004, 79-105 Forty, A. (2000). Words and buildings: A vocabulary on Modern Architecture. London: Thames & Hudson, pp. 143-148.
22. Sheuya, S. (2004). Housing Transformation and Urban Livelihoods in Informal Settlements, the Case of Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Dortmund.
23. Mai, M. M. & Rahman, M. (2011). Cultural Sustainability of Residential Adjustment Styles of Semi-Urban Abuja and Core Dhaka Neighborhoods. Journal of Sustainable Development and Environmental Protection, 1 (1), 41-56.
24. Ayuba, P. (2016). Comparative Study of Government Resettlement Housing Schemes and Traditional Housing Settlement Pattern in Abuja: The Case of Gbagyi People. Centre for human settlement and urban development journal Vol. 6 (1).
25. Saidu, A. I. and Yeom, C. (2020). “Article Success Criteria Evaluation for a Sustainable and Affordable Housing Model: A Case for Improving Household Welfare in Nigeria Cities”, Journal of Sustainability 2020, 12, 656; doi: 10.3390/su12020656. www.mdpi.com/journal/sustainability.
26. Ademola, F. (2010). Land Use Conversion in Surulere Local Government, Lagos, Nigeria. Urban and Regional Review, 2 (1), 1-14.
27. Chukwuma-Uchegbu, M. I. (2020). Post-occupancy Modification and the Effect on the Aesthetic Layout of Low-income Housing Estates in Owerri Metropolis International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications, 6 (2): 23-26 http://www.sciencepublishinggroup.com/j/ijaaa doi: 10.11648/j.ijaaa.20200602.12 ISSN: 2472-1107 (Print); ISSN: 2472-1131 (Online).
28. Ukoha, O. M. and Beamish J. O. (1997). “Assessment of resident’s satisfaction with Public housing in Abuja, Nigeria.” Habitat International 21 (4), 445–460 1997.
29. Adewale, B. A., Ibem, E. O., Amole, B. & Adeboye, A. B. (2018). Assessment of residential satisfaction in the core area of Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 1-28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/1091135 9.2018.1502116.
30. Jiboye, A. D. (2011). Urbanization challenges and housing delivery in Nigeria: The need for an effective Policy framework for Sustainable Development International Review of Social Sciences and Humanities, Vol. 2, No. 1), 176-185.
31. Ibem, E. O., Ayo-Vaughan, E. A., Oluwunmi, A. O. and Alagbe, O.. A. (2019). “Residential Satisfaction among Low-Income Earners in Government-Subsidized Housing Estates in Ogun State, Nigeria. Urban Forum 30, 75–96 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12132-018-9337-4
32. Ibem, E. O. (2012). “Residents' perception of the quality of public housing in urban areas in Ogun State, Nigeria International Journal of Quality & Reliability Management ISSN: 0265-671X.
33. Jiboye, A. (2004). The socio-cultural responsiveness of household size on housing quality in Osogbo, Nigeria. Anthropologist. 6 (3), 169-174.
34. Jiboye, A. D. and Makinde, O. O. (2015). Evaluating the determinants of residents’ perception of neighborhood safety in gated communities in Ibadan, Nigeria. The 7th International Conference of (SuDBE2015), Reading, UK; 27-29 July.
35. Adewale, B. A., Ibem, E. O., Amole, S. A. and Adeboye, A. B. (2020). Place Attachment in Nigerian urban slums: Evidence from inner-city Ibadan. Cities, 107, 1-10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2 020.102902
36. Almusaed, A. and Almssad, A. (2018). “Housing Policy Matters” Intechopen Open access journal DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.81622.
37. Ojikpong, B. E., Agbor, A. E. & Emri, S. I. (2016). the Impact of Building Use Conversion on Residential Accommodation in Calabar, Cross River State Nigeria. International Journal of Science, Environment and Technolog, 5 (3), 1445 - 1467.
38. Aluko, O. (2011). Sustainable Housing Development and Functionality of Planning Laws in Nigeria: the Case of Cosmopolitan Lagos. Journal of Sustainable Development, Vol. 4, No. 5; Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education.
39. Olubi, R. A. and Ayoola, H. A. (2020). Assessment of Residential Housing Transformation in Oyo Town, Nigeria. Environmental Technology and Science Iournal, vol. 11, no 1.
40. Maina, J. J. (2021). Socioeconomic and Demographic Predictors of Residential Satisfaction within Public Housing Estates in Northern Nigeria Covenant Journal in Research & Built Environment (CJRBE) Vol. 9 No. 1,
41. Khan, T. H. (2014a). Houses in Transformation Search for the Implicit Reasons. Cham Heidelberg New York Dordrecht London: Springer.
42. Avogo, F. A., Wedam, E. A. and Opoku, S. M. (2017). Housing transformation and livelihood outcomes in Accra, Ghana. The International Journal of Urban Policy and Planning. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2017.05.009.92-103
43. El-Hussain, A. M. (2018). Factors of Spontaneous Physical Housing Changes in Urban Centres of Southwest Nigeria. Architecture Research. DOI: 10.5923/j.arch.20180802.04, 74-85.
44. Ibem, E. O. and Ayo-Vaughan, E. A.; Oluwunmi, A. O. and Alagbe, O. A, (2019). “Residential Satisfaction among Low-Income Earners in Government-Subsidized Housing Estates in Ogun State, Nigeria. Urban Forum 30, 75–96 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12132-018-9337-4.
45. Okpoechi, C. U. (2012). “Socio-economic implications of housing satisfaction for middle income housing in Owerri municipal” An unpublished PhD Thesis submitted to the Department of Architecture Imo State University, Owerri, Imo State Nigeria.
46. Isah, A. D. and Khan T. H. (2015). Sustainable public housing transformation in the Convergence of Emic and Etic Paradigms. Jurnal Teknologi. 77 (14), 33-39.
47. Khan, T. H. (2014). Living with transformation: Self-built housing in the city of Dhaka. Cham Heidelberg New York Dordrecht London: Springer.
48. Dimuna, K. O. and Olotuah, A. O. (2019). Evaluation of Residents’ Satisfaction with Building Features in Some Public Housing Estates in Benin City, Nigeria Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies Vol 8 No 2, Doi: 10.2478/ajis-2019-0023.
49. Teck-Hong, T. (2011). Housing satisfaction in medium-and high-cost housing: the case of greater Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Habitat International, 35 (3), 1-9.
50. Musa, S. D., Ismail, N. A. and Akoji, P. U. (2017). An Assessment of the Sustainability of Resettlers Livelihood Assets in the Apo Resettlement Scheme of Abuja, Nigeria Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, 4 (3): 1-16, 2017; Article no. ARJASS. 35162 ISSN: 2456-4761.
51. Aigbavboa, C. O. & Thwala W. D. (2013). Confirmatory factorial validity of neighborhood features amongst South Africa low-income housing occupants. Journal of Economics and Behavioral Studies, 5 (12), 825-837.
52. Isah, A. D., Khan, T. H. and Davis, H. (2015). Identifying Contextual Socio-Cultural Attributes as Predictors of User Satisfaction: A Study in Transformed Public Housings in Nigeria Asian Social Science; Vol. 11, No. 25; doi: 10.5539/ass.v11n25p165 URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5539/ass.v11n25p165
53. Kaitilla, S. (1993). “Satisfaction with public housing in Papua New Guinea: the case of West Taraka housing scheme.” Journal of Environment and Behavior, 25 (4), 514–545.
54. Fatoye, E. O. and Odusami, K. T. (2009). “Occupants' satisfaction approach to housing performance evaluation: the case of Nigeria”. Paper presented at the RICS COBRA research conference held at the University of Cape Town, www.rics.org/cobra on February 22, 2010.
55. Ilesanmi, A. O. (2012). Housing, neighbourhood quality and quality of life in public housing in Lagos, Nigeria. International Journal for Housing Science, 36 (4), 231-240.
56. Umeh, O. L. (2015). Factors Influencing Users’ Satisfaction in Public and Private Estate in Lagos, Nigeria. ATBU Journal of Environmental Technology 8, 2,
57. Mohit, M. A., Ibrahim, M. & Rashid, Y. R. (2010). Assessment of residential satisfaction in newly designed public low-cost housing in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Habitat International, 34, 18-27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2009.04.002.
58. Unah, M. O. (2020c). Policy Issues and Integration Settlement for Sustainable Development in FCT Abuja. Paper presented at the School of Environmental Technology International Conference (SETIC 2020) 3rd- 5th May 2021 at the Federal University of Technology, Minna Niger State Nigeria. Manuscript.
59. Likert’s, R. (1932). A Techniques for the measurement of Attitude. Archives of Psychology, New York: Columbia University Press 140: 1-55.